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Bernstorff, Andreas Gottlieb von, Baron Bernstorff in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1649–1726), politician and diplomat  

Andrew C. Thompson

Bernstorff, Andreas Gottlieb von, Baron Bernstorff in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1649–1726), politician and diplomat, was born on 2 March 1649 ns in Ratzeburg, then in the duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg, in northern Germany, the second son of Andreas von Bernstorff (1604–1655)...

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Cover Charles Lewis (1618–1680)

Charles Lewis (1618–1680)  

Maker: Johann Baptist de Ruel

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Charles Lewis (1618–1680) by Johann Baptist de Ruel Kurpfälzisches Museum, Heidelberg; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Charles Lewis [Karl Ludwig] (1618–1680), elector palatine of the Rhine  

Ronald G. Asch

Charles Lewis [Karl Ludwig] (1618–1680), elector palatine of the Rhine, second and eldest surviving son of Frederick V, elector palatine (1596–1632) [see under Elizabeth (1596–1662)], and his wife, Elizabeth Stuart [see Elizabeth (1596–1662)], was born on 1 January 1618 ns in ...

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Erskine, John, of Dun (1509–1590), landowner and religious activist  

D. F. Wright

Erskine, John, of Dun (1509–1590), landowner and religious activist, was born in the House of Dun, between Montrose and Brechin, the elder son of John Erskine of Dun (d. 1513), and of Margaret Ruthven (d. 1548), widow of Alexander Stewart, first earl of Buchan...

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See Elizabeth, Princess [Elizabeth Stuart]

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Hervart, Esther d' [married name Esther de la Tour du Pin, marquise de Gouvernet in the French nobility; known as Madame de Gouvernet] (c. 1636–1722), noblewoman and refugee  

Vivienne Larminie

Hervart, Esther d' [married name Esther de la Tour du Pin, marquise de Gouvernet in the French nobility; known as Madame de Gouvernet] (c. 1636–1722), noblewoman and refugee, was the only daughter among the three surviving children of Barthélemy d'Hervart (1607–1676) and his wife, ...

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Keppel, Arnold Joost van, first earl of Albemarle (1669/70–1718), courtier and army officer  

James Falkner

Keppel, Arnold Joost van, first earl of Albemarle (1669/70–1718), courtier and army officer, was born in 1669 or 1670, probably in Gelderland, United Provinces, and was probably baptized on 30 January 1670 at Zutphen in Gelderland, the son of Osewalt van Keppel, lord of ...

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Cover Keppel, Arnold Joost van, first earl of Albemarle (1669/70–1718)

Keppel, Arnold Joost van, first earl of Albemarle (1669/70–1718)  

Maker: Sir Godfrey Kneller

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Arnold Joost van Keppel, first earl of Albemarle (1669/7070–1718) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1700 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Lindsay, John, fifth Lord Lindsay of the Byres (d. 1563), nobleman  

Mary Black Verschuur

Lindsay, John, fifth Lord Lindsay of the Byres (d. 1563), nobleman, was the eldest son of John, master of Lindsay (styled Sir John Lindsay of Pitcruvie), and Elizabeth Lundie, eldest daughter of Sir John Lundie of Balgonie. He had a charter in liferent from his grandfather ...

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Maurice, prince palatine of the Rhine (1621–1652), royalist army officer and naval officer  

Ian Roy

Maurice, prince palatine of the Rhine (1621–1652), royalist army officer and naval officer, was the fourth son of Frederick V (1596–1632), elector palatine of the Rhine, and his wife, Elizabeth (1596–1662), daughter of James VI and I of Great Britain and sister of ...

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Cover Maurice, prince palatine of the Rhine (1621–1652)

Maurice, prince palatine of the Rhine (1621–1652)  

Maker: William Dobson

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Maurice, prince palatine of the Rhine (1621–1652) by William Dobson, 1645? © reserved

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Nassau van Zuylesteinvan, Frederik (1624–1672), soldier and courtier  

See Nassau van Zuylestein, William Frederick [Willem Frederik] van, first earl of Rochford

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Rupert, prince and count palatine of the Rhine and duke of Cumberland (1619–1682), royalist army and naval officer  

Ian Roy

Rupert, prince and count palatine of the Rhine and duke of Cumberland (1619–1682), royalist army and naval officer, was born on 18 December 1619 ns, the son of Frederick V (1596–1632), elector palatine of the Rhine, and his wife, Elizabeth (1596–1662), the daughter of ...

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Cover Rupert, prince and count palatine of the Rhine and duke of Cumberland (1619–1682)

Rupert, prince and count palatine of the Rhine and duke of Cumberland (1619–1682)  

Maker: Sir Peter Lely

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Rupert, prince and count palatine of the Rhine and duke of Cumberland (1619–1682) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1665–6 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Sophia, princess palatine of the Rhine (1630–1714), electress of Hanover, consort of Ernst August  

Jeremy Black

Sophia, princess palatine of the Rhine (1630–1714), electress of Hanover, consort of Ernst August, was born on 4 October 1630 in The Hague, the youngest of five daughters and the youngest but one of the thirteen children of Frederick V (1596–1632), elector palatine (1610–32) and the ‘winter king’ of ...

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Stafford [née Stafford], Dorothy, Lady Stafford (1526–1604), courtier  

Simon Adams

Stafford [née Stafford], Dorothy, Lady Stafford (1526–1604), courtier, was born on 1 October 1526, one of the seven daughters of Henry Stafford, tenth Baron Stafford (1501–1563), and his wife, Ursula Stafford (d. 1570) [see under Pole, Margaret]. She spent part of her childhood in the household of her aunt ...

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Cover Stanley, Charlotte, countess of Derby (1599–1664)

Stanley, Charlotte, countess of Derby (1599–1664)  

Maker: Gerrit van Honthorst

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Charlotte Stanley, countess of Derby (1599–1664) by Gerrit van Honthorst, 1632 [as Minerva] Christie's Images Ltd. (2004)

Article

Stanley [née de La Trémoille], Charlotte, countess of Derby (1599–1664), noblewoman and royalist heroine  

John Callow

Stanley [née de La Trémoille], Charlotte, countess of Derby (1599–1664), noblewoman and royalist heroine, was born at the château of Thouars, Poitou, in France, in early December 1599, the second child and eldest daughter of Claude de La Trémoille, duc de Thouars...