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Blundell, Nicholas (1669–1737), diarist and landowner  

Alan G. Crosby

Blundell, Nicholas (1669–1737), diarist and landowner, was born on 1 September 1669 at Little Crosby Hall, Lancashire, the son of William Blundell (1645–1702) and his wife, Mary (d. 1707), daughter of Rowland Eyre of Hassop in Derbyshire. The eldest of fourteen children, he was educated at home by his grandfather ...

Article

Bruce, Thomas, second earl of Ailesbury (1656–1741), nobleman and memoirist  

Victor Stater

Bruce, Thomas, second earl of Ailesbury (1656–1741), nobleman and memoirist, was born on 26 September 1656, probably at Ampthill, Bedfordshire, the fifth but first surviving son of Robert Bruce, first earl of Ailesbury (bap. 1626, d. 1685), and his wife, Diana (d...

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Cover Byrd, William (1674–1744)

Byrd, William (1674–1744)  

Maker: Hans Hysing

In 

William Byrd (1674–1744) attrib. Hans Hysing, c. 1725 The Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Virginia

Article

Byrd, William (1674–1744), landowner and diarist  

Paul David Nelson

Byrd, William (1674–1744), landowner and diarist, was born on 28 March 1674 near the fall line of the James River, Virginia, the first of five children of William Byrd (1652–1704), colonial officer and planter, and Mary Horsmanden Filmer (1650–1699), a well-connected widow and daughter of ...

Article

Clifford, Anne [known as Lady Anne Clifford], countess of Pembroke, Dorset, and Montgomery (1590–1676), noblewoman and diarist  

Richard T. Spence

Clifford, Anne [known as Lady Anne Clifford], countess of Pembroke, Dorset, and Montgomery (1590–1676), noblewoman and diarist, was born at Skipton Castle in Craven in the West Riding of Yorkshire on 30 January 1590, the only surviving child of George Clifford, third earl of Cumberland...

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Cover Clifford, Anne, countess of Pembroke, Dorset, and Montgomery (1590–1676)

Clifford, Anne, countess of Pembroke, Dorset, and Montgomery (1590–1676)  

Maker: William Larkin

In 

Anne Clifford, countess of Pembroke, Dorset, and Montgomery (1590–1676) by William Larkin, 1618 National Trust Photographic Library / Geoffrey Shakerley

Article

Coke [née Campbell], Lady Mary (1727–1811), letter writer and noblewoman  

Jill Rubenstein

Coke [née Campbell], Lady Mary (1727–1811), letter writer and noblewoman, was born on 6 February 1727, either at Sudbrook, Surrey, or at 27 Bruton Street, London, the fifth and youngest daughter of the soldier and politician John Campbell, second duke of Argyll and duke of Greenwich...

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Cover Coke, Lady Mary (1727–1811)

Coke, Lady Mary (1727–1811)  

Maker: Allan Ramsay

In 

Lady Mary Coke (1727–1811) by Allan Ramsay, 1762 private collection

Article

Cowper [née Clavering], Mary, Countess Cowper (1685–1724), courtier and diarist  

Anne Kugler

Cowper [née Clavering], Mary, Countess Cowper (1685–1724), courtier and diarist, was the elder of the two surviving children of John Clavering (bap. 1655, d. in or after 1702), landowner and mine owner, of Chopwell, co. Durham, and his first wife, Anne Thompson...

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Cover Cowper, Mary, Countess Cowper (1685–1724)

Cowper, Mary, Countess Cowper (1685–1724)  

Maker: Sir Godfrey Kneller

In 

Mary Cowper, Countess Cowper (1685–1724) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1709 private collection. Photograph: The Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art

Article

Davenport, William (bap. 1584, d. 1655), landowner and diarist  

John Morrill

Davenport, William (bap. 1584, d. 1655), landowner and diarist, was baptized in Stockport, Cheshire, on 25 March 1584, the son and heir of Sir William Davenport (1563–1627) of Bramhall and Dorothy Warren (fl. 1566?–1615), the daughter of a neighbouring gentleman. William Davenport...

Article

Dicconson, William (1654/5–1742), Jacobite courtier and biographer  

Paul Hopkins

Dicconson, William (1654/5–1742), Jacobite courtier and biographer, eldest son of Hugh Dicconson (c.1621–1691) of Wrightington Hall near Wigan, and his wife, Agnes (d. 1719), third daughter of Roger Kirkby of Kirkby, came from a Lancashire Roman Catholic gentry family, which occasionally (as in the 1660s) conformed outwardly. He had three brothers (including the Catholic bishop ...

Article

Hamilton [married name Dickenson], Mary (1756–1816), courtier and diarist  

Anne Pimlott Baker

Hamilton [married name Dickenson], Mary (1756–1816), courtier and diarist, was the only child of Charles Hamilton (1721–1771), soldier, son of Lord Archibald Hamilton and grandson of the third duke of Hamilton, and his wife, Mary Catherine (d. 1778), daughter of Colonel Dufresne...

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Cover Lodge, Edmund (1756–1839)

Lodge, Edmund (1756–1839)  

Maker: Lemuel Francis Abbott

In 

Edmund Lodge (1756–1839) by Lemuel Francis Abbott, c. 1790–95 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Lodge, Edmund (1756–1839), herald and biographer  

Lucy Peltz

Lodge, Edmund (1756–1839), herald and biographer, was born on 13 June 1756, in Poland Street, London, the only surviving son of the Revd Edmund Lodge (c.1729–1781), rector of Carshalton in Surrey, and his wife, Mary Garrard, the daughter and sole heir of ...

Article

Mancini, Hortense (Ortensia), duchess of Mazarin (1646–1699), literary hostess, memoirist, and royal mistress  

Annalisa Nicholson

Mancini, Hortense (Ortensia), duchess of Mazarin (1646–1699), literary hostess, memoirist, and royal mistress, was born on 6 June 1646 and baptized at Santa Maria on via Lata in Rome on 8 June, the seventh of eight surviving children of Baron Lorenzo Mancini...

Article

Newdigate [née Fitton], Anne, Lady Newdigate (1574–1618), gentlewoman and letter writer  

Vivienne Larminie

Newdigate [née Fitton], Anne, Lady Newdigate (1574–1618), gentlewoman and letter writer, was born in October 1574 and baptized at Gawsworth, Cheshire, on 6 October, the elder daughter of Sir Edward Fitton (1548/9–1606) and his wife, Alice (d. 1627), daughter of Sir John Holcroft...

Article

Newdigate, John (1600–1642), gentleman and diarist  

Vivienne Larminie

Newdigate, John (1600–1642), gentleman and diarist, was born on 28 May 1600, the elder son and second child of John (later Sir John) Newdigate (1571–1610) [see under Newdigate, Anne], of Arbury, Warwickshire, and his wife, Anne Newdigate (1574–1618), daughter of Sir Edward Fitton (1548/9–1606)...

Article

Oxinden [Oxenden], Henry (1609–1670), gentleman and letter-writer  

Sheila Hingley

Oxinden [Oxenden], Henry (1609–1670), gentleman and letter-writer, was born on 18 January 1609 at the house of Sir Adam Sprakeling in the parish of St Paul, Canterbury, the eldest son of Richard Oxinden (bap. 1588, d. 1629), gentleman, of Great Maydekin in the village of ...

Article

Paston, John (1421–1466), landowner and letter writer  

Helen Castor

Paston, John (1421–1466), landowner and letter writer, was the eldest son of William Paston (1378–1444) of Paston in Norfolk, justice of common pleas, and his wife, Agnes (d. 1479), daughter and coheir of Sir Edmund Barry of Orwellbury, Hertfordshire. He was born on 10 October 1421. ...