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Balliol, Dervorguilla de, lady of Galloway (d. 1290), noblewoman and benefactor  

G. P. Stell

Balliol, Dervorguilla de, lady of Galloway (d. 1290), noblewoman and benefactor, was a daughter of Alan, lord of Galloway (b. before 1199, d. 1234), and his second wife, Margaret, eldest daughter of David, earl of Huntingdon (d. 1219). Born some time after 1209, the date of her parents' marriage, her distinctive Gaelic name, ...

Article

Balliol [Baliol], John de (b. before 1208, d. 1268), magnate and benefactor  

G. P. Stell

Balliol [Baliol], John de (b. before 1208, d. 1268), magnate and benefactor, was the eldest son and heir of Hugh de Balliol (d. 1229), lord of Barnard Castle in co. Durham and of Bailleul-en-Vimeu in Picardy. Probably named after King John, to whom his father, exceptionally among the baronage of the north of ...

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Cover Calthorpe family (act. 1717–1910)

Calthorpe family (act. 1717–1910)  

Maker: George Romney

In 

Calthorpe (act. 1717–1910) by George Romney, 1779 [Sir Henry Gough, first Baron Calthorpe] © Pallant House Gallery, Chichester, UK

Article

Calthorpe family (per. 1717–1910), landowners, politicians, and Birmingham benefactors  

David Cannadine

Calthorpe family (per. 1717–1910), landowners, politicians, and Birmingham benefactors, sustained for almost exactly 200 years a significant territorial link with the city, in ways, and to an extent, that have not been true of any other local dynasty in modern times, and those links continued throughout the twentieth century....

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Cover Cary, Lettice, Viscountess Falkland (c. 1612–1647)

Cary, Lettice, Viscountess Falkland (c. 1612–1647)  

Maker: William Marshall

In 

Lettice Cary, Viscountess Falkland (c. 1612–1647) by William Marshall, pubd 1648 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Cary [née Morison], Lettice, Viscountess Falkland (c. 1612–1647), noblewoman and benefactor  

Elizabeth Allen

Cary [née Morison], Lettice, Viscountess Falkland (c. 1612–1647), noblewoman and benefactor, was the daughter of Sir Richard Moryson (c. 1571–1628) [see under Moryson, Fynes], vice-president of Munster, and Mary (d. 1654), daughter of Sir Henry Harington, sometime resident of ...

Article

Clare, Elizabeth de [Elizabeth de Burgh; known as lady of Clare] (1294/5–1360), magnate and founder of Clare College, Cambridge  

Jennifer C. Ward

Clare, Elizabeth de [Elizabeth de Burgh; known as lady of Clare] (1294/5–1360), magnate and founder of Clare College, Cambridge, was usually known as Elizabeth de Burgh, and was described by herself and others as lady of Clare. She was the youngest daughter of ...

Article

See Clarke, William John Turner

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Cover Conolly [Lennox], Lady Louisa Augusta (1743–1821)

Conolly [Lennox], Lady Louisa Augusta (1743–1821)  

Maker: Allan Ramsay

In 

Lady Louisa Augusta Conolly (1743–1821) by Allan Ramsay, 1759 © reserved

Article

Conolly [née Lennox], Lady Louisa Augusta (1743–1821), noblewoman and philanthropist  

Rosemary Richey

Conolly [née Lennox], Lady Louisa Augusta (1743–1821), noblewoman and philanthropist, was born on 24 November 1743, the fifth of the seven surviving children of Charles Lennox, second duke of Richmond and Lennox (1701–1750), and his wife, Sarah (1706–1751), daughter of William Cadogan, ...

Article

Cook, Ernest Edward (1865–1955), art collector and preservationist  

E. J. T. Collins

Cook, Ernest Edward (1865–1955), art collector and preservationist, was born at Camberwell, London, on 4 September 1865, the second of the three sons of John Mason Cook (1834–1899), travel agent [see under Cook, Thomas], and Emma, daughter of Thomas William Hodges...

Article

Craven, John, Baron Craven (bap. 1610, d. 1648)  

See Craven, Sir William

Article

Grosvenor, Gerald Cavendish, sixth duke of Westminster (1951–2016), landowner, territorial soldier, and philanthropist  

Martin Vander Weyer

Grosvenor, Gerald Cavendish, sixth duke of Westminster (1951–2016), landowner, territorial soldier, and philanthropist, was born at Omagh in Northern Ireland on 22 December 1951, the only son and second of the three children of Lieutenant-Colonel Robert George Grosvenor, later fifth duke of Westminster...

Article

Keith, George, fourth Earl Marischal (1549/50–1623), magnate and founder of Marischal College, Aberdeen  

John Simmons

Keith, George, fourth Earl Marischal (1549/50–1623), magnate and founder of Marischal College, Aberdeen, was the eldest son of William, master of Marischal (c.1530–1580), and his wife, Elizabeth Hay (b. c.1530), daughter of George, seventh earl of Erroll. He was educated with his younger brother ...

Article

Lombe [formerly Beevor], Edward (1798/9–1852), landowner and philanthropist  

Brian Carter

Lombe [formerly Beevor], Edward (1798/9–1852), landowner and philanthropist, was the son of Edward Beevor (d. 1847), a Norwich attorney, and his wife, Sylvia. He succeeded his father in 1847 as tenant for life to the Lombe estate of Melton Hall, Wymondham, Norfolk...

Article

Mary Adelaide, Princess [Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge], duchess of Teck (1833–1897), philanthropist  

Frank Prochaska

Mary Adelaide, Princess [Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge], duchess of Teck (1833–1897), philanthropist, was born Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina Elizabeth on 27 November 1833 in Hanover, the youngest of the three children of the seventh son of George III, Adolphus Frederick, duke of Cambridge...

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Cover Mary Adelaide, Princess, duchess of Teck (1833–1897)

Mary Adelaide, Princess, duchess of Teck (1833–1897)  

Maker: Camille Silvy

In 

Princess Mary Adelaide, duchess of Teck (1833–1897) by Camille Silvy, 1860 [standing, with her mother, Augusta Wilhelmina Louisa, duchess of Cambridge] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cover Mountbatten, Dame Edwina Cynthia Annette, Countess Mountbatten of Burma (1901–1960)

Mountbatten, Dame Edwina Cynthia Annette, Countess Mountbatten of Burma (1901–1960)  

Maker: Madame Yevonde

In 

Dame Edwina Cynthia Annette Mountbatten, Countess Mountbatten of Burma (1901–1960) by Madame Yevonde, 1940 © Yevonde Portrait Archive; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Mountbatten [née Ashley], Dame Edwina Cynthia Annette, Countess Mountbatten of Burma (1901–1960), director of emergency relief services and vicereine of India  

Janet Morgan

revised

Mountbatten [née Ashley], Dame Edwina Cynthia Annette, Countess Mountbatten of Burma (1901–1960), director of emergency relief services and vicereine of India, was born at 32 Bruton Street, London, on 28 November 1901, the elder of the two daughters of Wilfrid William Ashley, ...

Article

Percy, Algernon, fourth duke of Northumberland (1792–1865), landowner and philanthropist  

F. M. L. Thompson

Percy, Algernon, fourth duke of Northumberland (1792–1865), landowner and philanthropist, was born at Syon House, Middlesex, on 15 December 1792, the second son of Hugh Percy, second duke of Northumberland (1742–1817), and his second wife, Frances Julia (1752–1820), third daughter of Peter Burrell...