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Balliol, Dervorguilla de, lady of Galloway (d. 1290), noblewoman and benefactor  

G. P. Stell

Balliol, Dervorguilla de, lady of Galloway (d. 1290), noblewoman and benefactor, was a daughter of Alan, lord of Galloway (b. before 1199, d. 1234), and his second wife, Margaret, eldest daughter of David, earl of Huntingdon (d. 1219). Born some time after 1209, the date of her parents' marriage, her distinctive Gaelic name, ...

Article

Balliol [Baliol], John de (b. before 1208, d. 1268), magnate and benefactor  

G. P. Stell

Balliol [Baliol], John de (b. before 1208, d. 1268), magnate and benefactor, was the eldest son and heir of Hugh de Balliol (d. 1229), lord of Barnard Castle in co. Durham and of Bailleul-en-Vimeu in Picardy. Probably named after King John, to whom his father, exceptionally among the baronage of the north of ...

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Cover Calthorpe family (act. 1717–1910)

Calthorpe family (act. 1717–1910)  

Maker: George Romney

In 

Calthorpe (act. 1717–1910) by George Romney, 1779 [Sir Henry Gough, first Baron Calthorpe] © Pallant House Gallery, Chichester, UK

Article

Calthorpe family (per. 1717–1910), landowners, politicians, and Birmingham benefactors  

David Cannadine

Calthorpe family (per. 1717–1910), landowners, politicians, and Birmingham benefactors, sustained for almost exactly 200 years a significant territorial link with the city, in ways, and to an extent, that have not been true of any other local dynasty in modern times, and those links continued throughout the twentieth century....

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Cover Cary, Lettice, Viscountess Falkland (c. 1612–1647)

Cary, Lettice, Viscountess Falkland (c. 1612–1647)  

Maker: William Marshall

In 

Lettice Cary, Viscountess Falkland (c. 1612–1647) by William Marshall, pubd 1648 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Cary [née Morison], Lettice, Viscountess Falkland (c. 1612–1647), noblewoman and benefactor  

Elizabeth Allen

Cary [née Morison], Lettice, Viscountess Falkland (c. 1612–1647), noblewoman and benefactor, was the daughter of Sir Richard Moryson (c. 1571–1628) [see under Moryson, Fynes], vice-president of Munster, and Mary (d. 1654), daughter of Sir Henry Harington, sometime resident of ...

Article

Clare, Elizabeth de [Elizabeth de Burgh; known as lady of Clare] (1294/5–1360), magnate and founder of Clare College, Cambridge  

Jennifer C. Ward

Clare, Elizabeth de [Elizabeth de Burgh; known as lady of Clare] (1294/5–1360), magnate and founder of Clare College, Cambridge, was usually known as Elizabeth de Burgh, and was described by herself and others as lady of Clare. She was the youngest daughter of ...

Article

See Clarke, William John Turner

Article

Colville [née Crewe-Milnes], Lady (Helen) Cynthia (1884–1968), courtier and social worker  

K. D. Reynolds

Colville [née Crewe-Milnes], Lady (Helen) Cynthia (1884–1968), courtier and social worker, was born on 20 May 1884, the third daughter of Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes (1858–1945), Liberal politician, who the year after her birth succeeded as second Baron Houghton and who subsequently became the first and last ...

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Cover Conolly [Lennox], Lady Louisa Augusta (1743–1821)

Conolly [Lennox], Lady Louisa Augusta (1743–1821)  

Maker: Allan Ramsay

In 

Lady Louisa Augusta Conolly (1743–1821) by Allan Ramsay, 1759 © reserved

Article

Conolly [née Lennox], Lady Louisa Augusta (1743–1821), noblewoman and philanthropist  

Rosemary Richey

Conolly [née Lennox], Lady Louisa Augusta (1743–1821), noblewoman and philanthropist, was born on 24 November 1743, the fifth of the seven surviving children of Charles Lennox, second duke of Richmond and Lennox (1701–1750), and his wife, Sarah (1706–1751), daughter of William Cadogan, ...

Article

Cook, Ernest Edward (1865–1955), art collector and preservationist  

E. J. T. Collins

Cook, Ernest Edward (1865–1955), art collector and preservationist, was born at Camberwell, London, on 4 September 1865, the second of the three sons of John Mason Cook (1834–1899), travel agent [see under Cook, Thomas], and Emma, daughter of Thomas William Hodges...

Article

Craven, John, Baron Craven (bap. 1610, d. 1648)  

See Craven, Sir William

Article

Fleetwood, Thomas (1659x61–1717), owner and reclaimer of land  

C. H. Derby

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Fleetwood, Thomas (1659x61–1717), owner and reclaimer of land, was the eldest of the family of three sons and two daughters of Sir Richard Fleetwood, baronet (1628–1721), of Calwich, Staffordshire, and his wife, Anne (1623/4–1720), daughter of Sir Edward Golding, baronet, of Colston Bassett, Nottinghamshire...

Article

Gayre [formerly Gair], George Robert (1907–1996), racial theorist and specialist in heraldry  

Michael Billig

Gayre [formerly Gair], George Robert (1907–1996), racial theorist and specialist in heraldry, was born George Robert Gair at 4 Woodland Villas, Rathmines, Dublin, on 6 August 1907, the son of Robert William Gair (d. 1957) and his wife, Clara, née Hull...

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Grosvenor, Gerald Cavendish, sixth duke of Westminster (1951–2016), landowner, territorial soldier, and philanthropist  

Martin Vander Weyer

Grosvenor, Gerald Cavendish, sixth duke of Westminster (1951–2016), landowner, territorial soldier, and philanthropist, was born at Omagh in Northern Ireland on 22 December 1951, the only son and second of the three children of Lieutenant-Colonel Robert George Grosvenor, later fifth duke of Westminster...

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Keith, George, fourth Earl Marischal (1549/50–1623), magnate and founder of Marischal College, Aberdeen  

John Simmons

Keith, George, fourth Earl Marischal (1549/50–1623), magnate and founder of Marischal College, Aberdeen, was the eldest son of William, master of Marischal (c.1530–1580), and his wife, Elizabeth Hay (b. c.1530), daughter of George, seventh earl of Erroll. He was educated with his younger brother ...

Article

Lombe [formerly Beevor], Edward (1798/9–1852), landowner and philanthropist  

Brian Carter

Lombe [formerly Beevor], Edward (1798/9–1852), landowner and philanthropist, was the son of Edward Beevor (d. 1847), a Norwich attorney, and his wife, Sylvia. He succeeded his father in 1847 as tenant for life to the Lombe estate of Melton Hall, Wymondham, Norfolk...

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Maclean, Charles Hector Fitzroy, Baron Maclean (1916–1990), courtier and chief scout  

Hugo Vickers

Maclean, Charles Hector Fitzroy, Baron Maclean (1916–1990), courtier and chief scout, was born in London on 5 May 1916, the youngest of the three children and only surviving son of Major Hector Fitzroy Maclean (1873–1932), Scots Guards, and his wife, Winifred Joan Wilding (...

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Mary Adelaide, Princess [Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge], duchess of Teck (1833–1897), philanthropist  

Frank Prochaska

Mary Adelaide, Princess [Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge], duchess of Teck (1833–1897), philanthropist, was born Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina Elizabeth on 27 November 1833 in Hanover, the youngest of the three children of the seventh son of George III, Adolphus Frederick, duke of Cambridge...