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Adda (d. 565?)  

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Áed Uaridnach mac Domnaill [Áed Allán mac Domnaill] (d. 612), high-king of Ireland  

T. M. Charles-Edwards

Áed Uaridnach mac Domnaill [Áed Allán mac Domnaill] (d. 612), high-king of Ireland, was the son of Domnall mac Muirchertaig; his mother is said to have been Bríg, daughter of Archa (or Orcha) mac Caírthind. A partner of Áed Uaridnach, the mother of his son ...

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Áed mac Néill [Áed Findliath mac Néill] (d. 879), high-king of Ireland  

Benjamin T. Hudson

Áed mac Néill [Áed Findliath mac Néill] (d. 879), high-king of Ireland, was the son of Niall mac Áeda (d. 846), king of Ailech and high-king of Ireland, and Gormflaith (d. 861), daughter of Donnchad mac Domnaill, king of Meath and high-king of Ireland...

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Áed Allán mac Fergaile (d. 743), high-king of Ireland  

T. M. Charles-Edwards

Áed Allán mac Fergaile (d. 743), high-king of Ireland, perhaps ruled Cenél nÉogain from the death of his father, Fergal mac Máele Dúin, in 722 until his own death in 743; he was high-king from 734 until his death, in succession to his northern rival, ...

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Áed Oirdnide mac Néill (d. 819), high-king of Ireland  

T. M. Charles-Edwards

Áed Oirdnide mac Néill (d. 819), high-king of Ireland, was the son of Niall Frossach (d. 778); he was king of Cenél nÉogain and subsequently the last king of Tara (high-king) before the viking attacks began to accelerate. In his rule can be seen a further development of the military power of the ...

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Áed Sláine mac Diarmata (d. 604), joint high-king of Ireland  

Philip Irwin

Áed Sláine mac Diarmata (d. 604), joint high-king of Ireland, was the son of Diarmait mac Cerbaill (d. 565), high-king of Ireland, and of Mugain, daughter of Conchrad (or Conrí) mac Duach. His epithet means ‘of Slane’ (in Meath, on the River Boyne...

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Aedán [Áedan, Aidan] mac Gabrán (c. 535–609?), king of Dál Riata  

Marjorie O. Anderson

Aedán [Áedan, Aidan] mac Gabrán (c. 535–609?), king of Dál Riata, was overking of the Dál Riata in Argyll and Antrim from 574 until, probably, 608 or 609 [see Dál Riata, kings of]. Gabrán, who died c.558, was succeeded by his nephew ...

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Ælfthryth (d. 929), princess  

Elisabeth van Houts

Ælfthryth (d. 929), princess, was the youngest of three daughters of King Alfred (d. 899) and Queen Ealhswith, daughter of Æthelred Mucel, ealdorman of the 'Gaini'. She also had two brothers. According to her father's biographer Asser, she was educated with her brother ...

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David Rollason

In 

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Ælla (d. in or after 597?), king of Deira  

Rosemary Cramp

Ælla (d. in or after 597?), king of Deira, was the son of Iffa. His existence is firmly documented, although the dates of his floruit are disputed. There is archaeological evidence for the settlement of Germanic people in what is now eastern Yorkshire...

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Ælle [Ælla] (fl. late 5th cent.), king of the South Saxons  

S. E. Kelly

Ælle [Ælla] (fl. late 5th cent.), king of the South Saxons, is said by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle to have arrived in Britain in 477 with his three sons, Cymen, Wlencing, and Cissa. Their traditional landing place was at Cymenesora, a place on the ...

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Ælle [Ælla] (d. 867), king of Northumbria  

David Rollason

Ælle [Ælla] (d. 867), king of Northumbria, is an extremely obscure figure, owing to the lack of contemporary annals for ninth-century Northumbria. Only Symeon of Durham's Libellus de exordio … Dunelmensis ecclesie gives an implied date of 862 for his accession, stating that 867 was the fifth year of his reign. Although there are no coins in ...

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Æsc (d. 512?)  

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Æthelbald (d. 757), king of the Mercians  

S. E. Kelly

Æthelbald (d. 757), king of the Mercians, was the son of Alweo and the grandson of Eowa (d. 642), brother and possible co-ruler with the celebrated King Penda. His descent gave him a strong claim to the kingship of the Mercians, and this no doubt explains why he was forced to spend years in miserable exile before his succession; he is said to have been persecuted in particular by his cousin ...

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Æthelbald (d. 860), king of the West Saxons  

Sean Miller

Æthelbald (d. 860), king of the West Saxons, was the second of the five sons of Æthelwulf (d. 858), king of the West Saxons, and his first wife, Osburh (839), the daughter of one of Æthelwulf's officials and herself descended from the West Saxon royal line. Starting in the 840s, ...

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Æthelberht [St Æthelberht, Ethelbert] (779/80–794), king of the East Angles  

Andy Todd

Æthelberht [St Æthelberht, Ethelbert] (779/80–794), king of the East Angles, was the son of King Æthelred of the East Angles and was executed in 794 by order of King Offa of Mercia, as a result of which he came to be regarded as a royal martyr. His cult, which probably started life as a focus for resistance to ...