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Alcock, John (1430–1500), administrator and bishop of Ely  

R. J. Schoeck

Alcock, John (1430–1500), administrator and bishop of Ely, was born at Beverley, Yorkshire, the son of William Alcock of Hull. Alcock received his early schooling in the grammar school attached to Beverley Minster, and then attended Cambridge University. DCL by 1459, he began his career in local diocesan administration in ...

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Baldock, Ralph (d. 1313), administrator and bishop of London  

H. A. Tipping

revised by M. C. Buck

Baldock, Ralph (d. 1313), administrator and bishop of London, was first recorded in February 1275, when he was admitted as rector of Little Woolstone in Buckinghamshire. In St Paul's he held, probably successively, the prebendal stalls of Holborn and Newington and is also found as prebendary of ...

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Cover Beaufort, Henry (1375?–1447)
Henry Beaufort (1375?–1447) stone effigy © English Heritage. NMR

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Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal  

G. L. Harriss

Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal, was the second of four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403), daughter of the Hainaulter Sir Payn Roelt, who was governess to the duke's children [...

Article

Bloet, Robert (d. 1123), administrator and bishop of Lincoln  

Dorothy M. Owen

Bloet, Robert (d. 1123), administrator and bishop of Lincoln, was Norman by birth, a member of the baronial family of Ivry. Hugues, bishop of Bayeux, and Jean, archbishop of Rouen, were his kinsmen. A chaplain of William I, in September 1087 Bloet was dispatched to ...

Article

Booth [Bothe], Laurence (c. 1420–1480), bishop of Durham and archbishop of York  

A. J. Pollard

Booth [Bothe], Laurence (c. 1420–1480), bishop of Durham and archbishop of York, was the illegitimate and probably youngest son of John Booth of Barton in Eccles, Lancashire (d. 1422). His mother is unknown. He was educated at Pembroke College, Cambridge, from which he took degrees in both civil and canon law by 1448. In 1442 he received papal dispensation as a son of unmarried parents for promotion to holy orders, and was duly ordained priest in 1446. By then he had already been presented to the rectory of ...

Article

Braybrooke [Braybroke], Robert (1336/7–1404), bishop of London  

R. G. Davies

Braybrooke [Braybroke], Robert (1336/7–1404), bishop of London, was born at Colmworth, Bedfordshire, a younger son of Sir Gerard Braybrooke of Colmworth and his wife, Isabella, probably a daughter of Sir Reginald Hampden of Great Hampden, Buckinghamshire. His father was MP for the county no fewer than sixteen times, and the family's landed pedigree can be traced from at least the mid-twelfth century. The bishop was recognized as kin by ...

Article

Burghersh, Henry (c. 1290–1340), bishop of Lincoln  

Nicholas Bennett

Burghersh, Henry (c. 1290–1340), bishop of Lincoln, was a younger son of Robert, Lord Burghersh, and of Maud, daughter of Guncelin Badlesmere. His father, who held land at Burwash in Sussex (whence the family name was derived) and at Chiddingstone, Boughton Aluph, and ...

Article

Burnell, Robert (d. 1292), administrator and bishop of Bath and Wells  

Alan Harding

Burnell, Robert (d. 1292), administrator and bishop of Bath and Wells, came from a family that by 1198 had given its name to Acton Burnell in Shropshire.

Robert was probably the son of Roger Burnell, last heard of in 1259, from whom he would have inherited the half of the manor of ...

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Cover Bury, Richard (1287–1345)
Richard Bury (1287–1345) seal Chapter of Durham Cathedral

Article

Bury [Aungerville], Richard (1287–1345), administrator and bishop of Durham  

W. J. Courtenay

Bury [Aungerville], Richard (1287–1345), administrator and bishop of Durham, was the son of Sir Richard d'Aungerville of Willoughby, Leicestershire. He was born on 24 January 1287 near Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk (whence his name). After the death of his father he was raised and educated by his uncle, ...

Article

Cantilupe, Thomas de [St Thomas of Hereford] (c. 1220–1282), bishop of Hereford  

R. C. Finucane

Cantilupe, Thomas de [St Thomas of Hereford] (c. 1220–1282), bishop of Hereford, was born at his father's manor of Hambleden, Buckinghamshire.

Thomas's grandfather William (I) de Cantilupe and father, William (II) de Cantilupe (d. 1251), had served as stewards of the households of ...

Article

Chishall [Chishull], John of (d. 1280), administrator and bishop of London  

T. F. Tout

revised by Robert C. Stacey

Chishall [Chishull], John of (d. 1280), administrator and bishop of London, was probably born in Essex in the village of Chishall, between Royston and Walden, from which he doubtless took his name. A branch of his family was afterwards settled at Bardfield in the same county. By 1252 ...

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Cover Edington, William (d. 1366)
William Edington (d. 1366) tomb effigy by courtesy of the Dean and Chapter of Winchester

Article

Edington, William (d. 1366), administrator and bishop of Winchester  

R. G. Davies

Edington, William (d. 1366), administrator and bishop of Winchester, was the son of Roger and Amice of Edington near Westbury, Wiltshire. Claims that he was educated at Oxford have no substance, and he was never given an academic title in contemporary records. However, he was first taken up by ...

Article

Ely, Nicholas of (d. 1280), administrator and bishop of Winchester  

Helen M. Jewell

Ely, Nicholas of (d. 1280), administrator and bishop of Winchester, was of unknown origins. He is first clearly identified in record on 6 August 1249, officiating as archdeacon of Ely, and described as 'magister Nicholas'. He remained archdeacon of Ely, which may account for his name, until his election as bishop of ...

Article

Eustace (d. 1215), administrator and bishop of Ely  

Dorothy M. Owen

Eustace (d. 1215), administrator and bishop of Ely, is likely to have been of Norman or French origin. A student at the schools of Paris, alongside Gerald of Wales, who became a lifelong friend, he seems to have been a 'consistent benefactor...

Article

Gardiner, Stephen (c. 1495x8–1555), theologian, administrator, and bishop of Winchester  

C. D. C. Armstrong

Gardiner, Stephen (c. 1495x8–1555), theologian, administrator, and bishop of Winchester, was born, according to John Bale, at Bury St Edmunds, and thus was probably the son of that name mentioned in the will of John Gardiner, a clothmaker from Bury, of 18 January 1507. His mother's name was probably ...

Article

Geoffrey Rufus (d. 1141), administrator and bishop of Durham  

Paul Dalton

Geoffrey Rufus (d. 1141), administrator and bishop of Durham, is of unknown parentage. It is not known to what circumstances he owed his surname. In 1114 he may have been a household clerk and protégé of Bishop Roger of Salisbury (d. 1139), and by 1116 he was possibly a chaplain in the royal household. In 1123 he was appointed royal chancellor, an office he held probably until his consecration as bishop of ...

Article

Giffard, Godfrey (1235?–1302), administrator and bishop of Worcester  

Susan J. Davies

Giffard, Godfrey (1235?–1302), administrator and bishop of Worcester, was the second son of Hugh Giffard of Boyton in Wiltshire, a royal justice, and Sybil, daughter and coheir of Walter de Cormeilles. His elder brother, Walter Giffard (d. 1279), became archbishop of York...