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Bonython, Richard (bap. 1580, d. 1647x54), soldier and planter in America, was baptized on 8 April 1580 at St Columb Major, Cornwall, a younger son and one of eight children of John Bonython and his wife, Eleanor Myleinton. Nothing else is known of his early life. He married by 1607 ...

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Bright, Sir John, baronet (bap. 1619, d. 1688), parliamentarian officer and landowner, was baptized on 14 October 1619, the third but only surviving son of Stephen Bright (1583–1642), of Carbrook, Yorkshire, and his first wife, Joan Westby (d. 1633), daughter of George Westby...

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Caulfeild, Toby, first Baron Caulfeild of Charlemont (bap. 1565, d. 1627), soldier, politician, and landowner, was baptized on 2 December 1565 at Great Milton, Oxfordshire, a younger son of Alexander Caulfeild. Nothing is known of his early years or education, but from 1590 he pursued a military career, sailing on ...

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Cole, Sir William (bap. 1576, d. 1653), army officer and landowner in Ulster, was baptized on 7 October 1576 at St Mary Woolnoth, London, the only son of Emmanuel Cole (c.1542–1592?), a member of the Goldsmiths' Company, of St Botolph, Aldersgate...

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Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton (1803–1899) by Sir William Hamo Thornycroft, 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by Peter L. Schmitthenner

Cotton, Sir Arthur Thomas (1803–1899), army officer and irrigation engineer, was born on 15 May 1803 at Woodcote, Oxfordshire, the ninth son of Henry Calveley Cotton (d. 1837) of Woodcote House, who served in the royal guards (postal service), and his wife, ...

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See Delaval family

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Esmonde, Laurence, Baron Esmonde of Limerick (c. 1570–1645), army officer and landowner, was the second son of Walter (also known as William) Esmonde of Johnstown, co. Wexford, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Michael Furlong of Horetown, barony of Shelmalier, co. Wexford, one of a family of seven daughters and four sons. The ...

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Fairfax, Thomas, first Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1560–1640), diplomat, soldier, and horse breeder, was born at Bilbrough, near York, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Fairfax (1521–1600) of Denton and Nun Appleton, Yorkshire, and Dorothy (d. 1596), daughter of George Gale, goldsmith and lord mayor of ...

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Herbert, George Augustus, eleventh earl of Pembroke and eighth earl of Montgomery (1759–1827), army officer and landowner, was born on 10 September 1759 at Wilton House, Wiltshire, and was baptized there on 29 October, the only son of Henry Herbert, tenth earl of Pembroke and seventh earl of Montgomery...

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See Kemeys family

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See Kemeys family

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Lambart, Charles, first earl of Cavan (c. 1600–1660), army officer and landowner, was the eldest son of Oliver Lambart, first Baron Lambart in the Irish peerage (d. 1618), servitor in co. Cavan, and Hester, daughter of Sir William Fleetwood of Carrington Manor...

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Leyland [formerly Naylor], Christopher John (1849–1926), naval officer and silviculturist, was born at Liscard, Wallasey, Cheshire, on 19 September 1849, the eldest son in the family of three sons and seven daughters of John Naylor (1813–1889), a partner in the family's Liverpool...

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Robert James Loyd- Lindsay, Baron Wantage (1832–1901) by Julia Margaret Cameron, c. 1865 [The Loyd-Lindsays: and Harriet Sarah Loyd-Lindsay, Lady Wantage (1837-1920)] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lindsay, Robert James Loyd-, Baron Wantage (1832–1901), army officer and agriculturist, born of Scottish descent in London on 16 April 1832, was the youngest child of Lieutenant-General James Lindsay (1793–1855), Grenadier Guards, of Balcarres, Fife—paternal grandson of James Lindsay, fifth earl of Balcarres...

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Lowther, Sir Richard (1532–1608), landowner and soldier, was born on 14 February 1532 in Hartsop Hall, Westmorland, the eldest of the six children of Hugh Lowther (c.1510–1555) and Dorothy Clifford (d. 1562). She was the daughter of Henry Clifford, tenth Baron Clifford...

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See Maister family

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Montagu, Henry Robinson-, sixth Baron Rokeby (1798–1883), army officer and landowner, was born at Great Cumberland Place, London, on 2 February 1798, the fifth son of Matthew Montagu, formerly Robinson, fourth Baron Rokeby (1762–1831), and his wife, Elizabeth Charlton (d. 1817). He was also the great-nephew of ...

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Pierrepont, Robert, first earl of Kingston upon Hull (1584–1643), landowner and royalist army officer, was born on 6 August 1584, the son of Sir Henry Pierrepont (1546–1616) of Holme Pierrepont, Nottinghamshire, and his wife, Frances Cavendish, daughter of Sir William Cavendish of Chatsworth...