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Archer, William (1856–1924), theatre critic and journalist  

J. P. Wearing

Archer, William (1856–1924), theatre critic and journalist, was born at 6 North Methven Street, Perth, Scotland, on 23 September 1856, the eldest son of the nine children of Thomas Archer (1823–1905) of Glasgow and his wife, Grace Lindsay Morison (1832–1911), the daughter of ...

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Cover Archer, William (1856–1924)

Archer, William (1856–1924)  

Maker: Sir Emery Walker

In 

William Archer (1856–1924) by Sir Emery Walker, 1891 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cover Barker, Joseph (1806–1875)

Barker, Joseph (1806–1875)  

Maker: John Cochran

Joseph Barker (1806–1875) by John Cochran, pubd 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Barker, Joseph (1806–1875), Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist  

Eileen Groth Lyon

Barker, Joseph (1806–1875), Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist, was born on 11 May 1806 at Bramley, near Leeds. His ancestors, originally of Keighley, had been settled in this area for several generations as farmers and manufacturers. The identity of his parents has not been discovered, though it is known that his father was employed in woollen manufacture and served for some time in the militia, and that ...

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Cover Cooper, Sir Frank (1922–2002)

Cooper, Sir Frank (1922–2002)  

Maker: by unknown photographer

In 

Sir Frank Cooper (1922–2002) by unknown photographer, 1978 Universal Pictorial Press

Article

Cooper, Sir Frank (1922–2002), civil servant  

Michael E. Quinlan

Cooper, Sir Frank (1922–2002), civil servant, was born on 2 December 1922 at 44 Fairfield Square, Droylsden, Manchester, the only son and younger child of Valentine Holland Cooper (1885–1942), commercial traveller, and later an area manager for Joseph Terry & Sons Ltd, the chocolate making firm, and his wife, ...

Article

Detrosier, Rowland [formerly Rowley Barnes] (1800?–1834), freethinking radical and popular lecturer  

Matthew Lee

Detrosier, Rowland [formerly Rowley Barnes] (1800?–1834), freethinking radical and popular lecturer, was born in London, the son of a Manchester merchant, Robert Norris, and a Frenchwoman named Detrosier. His parents abandoned him soon after his birth and he was adopted by a Swedenborgian tailor from ...

Article

Hall, Westley (1711–1776), dissenter  

Vivian H. H. Green

Hall, Westley (1711–1776), dissenter, was born at Salisbury on 17 March 1711. His father, Thomas, was a clothier and his mother, Margaret, was the daughter of Thomas Westley, rector of Imber, near Warminster. Her brother, Robert Westley, became lord mayor of London and was knighted in 1744. The ...

Article

Harris, Thomas Lake (1823–1906), millenarian and mystic  

Timothy C. F. Stunt

Harris, Thomas Lake (1823–1906), millenarian and mystic, was born on 15 May 1823 at Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire, the only son of Thomas Harris, an auctioneer, and his wife, Annie (née Lake), who died when her son was only nine. In 1828 the family emigrated to ...

Article

Johnston, Sir Henry Hamilton [Harry] (1858–1927), explorer and colonial administrator  

Roland Oliver

Johnston, Sir Henry Hamilton [Harry] (1858–1927), explorer and colonial administrator, was born in London on 12 June 1858, the eldest of twelve children of John Brookes Johnston, secretary of the Royal Exchange Assurance Company, and his second wife, Esther Laetitia, daughter of Robert Hamilton...

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Cover Johnston, Sir Henry Hamilton (1858–1927)

Johnston, Sir Henry Hamilton (1858–1927)  

Maker: James Russell & Sons

Sir Henry Hamilton Johnston (1858–1927) by James Russell & Sons © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Mathers, Samuel Liddell (1854–1918), occultist  

R. A. Gilbert

Mathers, Samuel Liddell (1854–1918), occultist, was born on 8 January 1854 at 11 De Beauvoir Place, Hackney, Middlesex, the son of William Mathers, a merchant's clerk, and his wife, Mary Ann, formerly Collins (d. 1885). From 1866 to 1870 he received a classical education at ...

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Cover Muir, John (1838–1914)

Muir, John (1838–1914)  

Maker: Orlando Rouland

In 

John Muir (1838–1914) by Orlando Rouland National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

Article

Muir, John (1838–1914), naturalist and conservationist  

Dennis R. Dean

Muir, John (1838–1914), naturalist and conservationist, was born in Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland, on 21 April 1838 to Daniel Muir (1804–1885) and his second wife, Anne Gilrye Muir (1813–1896). John was the third child (of eight) and first son of this deeply religious, poorly educated shopkeeper and grain dealer of longtime Scottish descent. ...

Article

Nichols, Mary Sergeant Gove (1810–1884), campaigner for medical reform and women's rights  

Bernard Aspinwall

Nichols, Mary Sergeant Gove (1810–1884), campaigner for medical reform and women's rights, was born at Goffstown, New Hampshire, USA, on 10 August 1810, the second daughter and third child of William A. Neal (d. 1845) and Rebecca R. Neal. Her paternal grandfather was Scottish, while her mother's family were Welsh. ...

Article

Rogers, Edmund Dawson (1823–1910), journalist and spiritualist  

W. B. Owen

revised by Alan Gauld

Rogers, Edmund Dawson (1823–1910), journalist and spiritualist, was born at Holt, Norfolk, on 7 August 1823, the only surviving child of John Rogers and his wife, Sarah, née Dawson. After education at the Sir Thomas Gresham grammar school in his native town, and working for six years as chemist's apprentice and as a chemist on his own account, ...

Article

Rowan, Frederica Maclean (1814–1882), author and translator  

F. T. Marzials

revised by Susanne Stark

Rowan, Frederica Maclean (1814–1882), author and translator, was born on 22 April 1814 in the West Indies (perhaps on St Croix), the second of the two daughters of Frederick Rowan (d. 1814), brevet major in the 4th West India regiment, and his wife, ...

Article

Scott, John William Robertson (1866–1962), journalist  

John Cripps

revised

Scott, John William Robertson (1866–1962), journalist, was born on 20 April 1866 at Wigton in Cumberland, the second of eight children (the first died in infancy) of David Young Crozier Scott (1844–1887), commercial traveller and temperance orator, and his wife, Janet (1843–1905), daughter of ...

Article

Simpson, Robert Wilfred Levick (1921–1997), composer and radio producer  

Richard Stoker

Simpson, Robert Wilfred Levick (1921–1997), composer and radio producer, was born on 2 March 1921 in Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, the son of Robert Warren Simpson, of Scottish descent, and his wife, Helena Hendrika, née Govaars, of Dutch descent. Both parents worked for the ...

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Cover Simpson, Robert Wilfred Levick (1921–1997)

Simpson, Robert Wilfred Levick (1921–1997)  

Maker: Suzie E. Maeder

In 

Robert Wilfred Levick Simpson (1921–1997) by Suzie E. Maeder © News International Newspapers Ltd