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Arundell, Blanche [née Lady Blanche Somerset], Lady Arundell of Wardour (1583/4–1649), royalist noblewoman  

Stephen Wright

Arundell, Blanche [née Lady Blanche Somerset], Lady Arundell of Wardour (1583/4–1649), royalist noblewoman, was the sixth daughter of Edward Somerset, fourth earl of Worcester (c. 1550–1628), and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Hastings (d. 1621), daughter of Francis Hastings, second earl of Huntingdon...

Article

Aubigny, William d' [William de Albini; known as William d'Aubigny Pincerna], first earl of Arundel (d. 1176), magnate  

Graeme White

Aubigny, William d' [William de Albini; known as William d'Aubigny Pincerna], first earl of Arundel (d. 1176), magnate, was the son of William d'Aubigny Pincerna (d. 1139), lord of Buckenham, Norfolk, and Maud (Matilda), daughter of Roger Bigod. The family took its name from ...

Article

Beaumont [Newburgh], Henry de, first earl of Warwick (d. 1119), magnate  

David Crouch

Beaumont [Newburgh], Henry de, first earl of Warwick (d. 1119), magnate, was the younger son of Roger, lord of Beaumont-le-Roger and Pont Audemer, and Adeline, daughter of Waleran, count of Meulan. His first appearance was at the ducal court just before 1066 when he must have been already a young adult. Before 1100 he married ...

Article

Boyd, Robert, fifth Lord Boyd (c. 1517–1590), nobleman  

G. R. Hewitt

Boyd, Robert, fifth Lord Boyd (c. 1517–1590), nobleman, was the eldest son of Robert, fourth Lord Boyd (d. 1558), and Helen, daughter of Sir John Somerville of Cambusnethan. In 1535 he married Margaret (d. 1601), daughter of Sir John Colquhoun of ...

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Cover Browne, Anthony, first Viscount Montagu (1528–1592)

Browne, Anthony, first Viscount Montagu (1528–1592)  

Maker: Hans Eworth

In 

Anthony Browne, first Viscount Montagu (1528–1592) by Hans Eworth, 1569 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Browne, Anthony, first Viscount Montagu (1528–1592), nobleman and courtier  

J. G. Elzinga

Browne, Anthony, first Viscount Montagu (1528–1592), nobleman and courtier, was born on 29 November 1528, the eldest of seven sons of Sir Anthony Browne (c. 1500–1548), courtier, of Cowdray Park, Sussex, and his first wife, Alice (d. 1540), daughter of Sir John Gage (1479–1556)...

Article

Bruce, Thomas, second earl of Ailesbury (1656–1741), nobleman and memoirist  

Victor Stater

Bruce, Thomas, second earl of Ailesbury (1656–1741), nobleman and memoirist, was born on 26 September 1656, probably at Ampthill, Bedfordshire, the fifth but first surviving son of Robert Bruce, first earl of Ailesbury (bap. 1626, d. 1685), and his wife, Diana (d...

Article

Butler [née Fitzgerald], Margaret, countess of Ossory and Ormond (d. 1542), noblewoman  

Mary Ann Lyons

Butler [née Fitzgerald], Margaret, countess of Ossory and Ormond (d. 1542), noblewoman, was the second daughter of Gerald Fitzgerald, eighth earl of Kildare (1456?–1513), lord deputy of Ireland, and his first wife, Alison (d. 1495), daughter and coheir to Roland Eustace, ...

Article

Butler, Thomas, tenth earl of Ormond and third earl of Ossory (1531–1614), nobleman  

David Edwards

Butler, Thomas, tenth earl of Ormond and third earl of Ossory (1531–1614), nobleman, was born about February 1531, the eldest of seven sons and heir of James Butler, ninth earl of Ormond and second earl of Ossory (b. in or after 1496, d. 1546)...

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Cover Butler, Thomas, tenth earl of Ormond and third earl of Ossory (1531–1614)

Butler, Thomas, tenth earl of Ormond and third earl of Ossory (1531–1614)  

Maker: Steven van der Meulen

In 

Thomas Butler, tenth earl of Ormond and third earl of Ossory (1531–1614) attrib. Steven van der Meulen photograph by courtesy Sotheby's Picture Library, London

Article

Butler, Walter [called Ualtéir na bPaidrín, Walter of the Beads and Rosary], eleventh earl of Ormond and fourth earl of Ossory (1559–1633), nobleman  

David Edwards

Butler, Walter [called Ualtéir na bPaidrín, Walter of the Beads and Rosary], eleventh earl of Ormond and fourth earl of Ossory (1559–1633), nobleman, was born about Easter 1559, the second son of John Butler of Kilcash (d. 1570) and Catherine, daughter of ...

Article

Campbell, Lady Agnes (d. in or after 1590), noblewoman  

Helen Coburn Walshe

Campbell, Lady Agnes (d. in or after 1590), noblewoman, was the second daughter and fifth child of Colin Campbell, third earl of Argyll (d. 1529), landowner and administrator, and his wife, Janet Gordon. She was educated at the Scottish court, learning English and French. In 1545 she married ...

Article

Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), magnate and politician  

John Callow

Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), magnate and politician, was the elder surviving son of Colin Campbell, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), and his second wife, Lady Annas or Agnes Keith (c. 1540–1588), eldest daughter of William Keith, fourth Earl Marischal...

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Cover Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638)

Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Archibald Campbell, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/66–1638) by unknown artist in a private Scottish collection

Article

Campbell [McGillespic], Colin, first earl of Argyll (d. 1493), magnate  

Michael A. Penman

Campbell [McGillespic], Colin, first earl of Argyll (d. 1493), magnate, was the only son of Gillespic Campbell, first son of Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochawe (created Lord Campbell in 1445) [see under Campbell family (per. c. 1300-1453)]; Colin's mother was Gillespic's...

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Cover Cecil, James, fourth earl of Salisbury (1666–1694)

Cecil, James, fourth earl of Salisbury (1666–1694)  

Maker: Willem Wissing

In 

James Cecil, fourth earl of Salisbury (1666–1694) by Willem Wissing, c. 1685 The Marquess of Salisbury

Article

Cecil, James, fourth earl of Salisbury (1666–1694), nobleman  

Jean Morrin

Cecil, James, fourth earl of Salisbury (1666–1694), nobleman, was born at Hatfield House, Hertfordshire, and baptized there on 25 September 1666, the second of ten children and eldest son of James Cecil, third earl of Salisbury (d. 1683), and Margaret (d. 1682)...

Article

Clifford, Henry, second earl of Cumberland (1517–1570), magnate  

Richard T. Spence

Clifford, Henry, second earl of Cumberland (1517–1570), magnate, was the eldest of the six children of Henry Clifford, first earl of Cumberland (c. 1493–1542), and his second wife, Margaret (c.1492–1540), daughter of Henry Percy, fifth earl of Northumberland. He was educated at home and then at court, where he spent much of his youth. He also attended the ...

Article

Clifford, Hugh Charles, seventh Baron Clifford of Chudleigh (1790–1858), aristocrat  

T. F. Henderson

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Clifford, Hugh Charles, seventh Baron Clifford of Chudleigh (1790–1858), aristocrat, eldest son of Charles, sixth Baron Clifford (1759–1831), and Eleanor Mary (d. 1835), daughter of Henry Arundel, eighth Baron Arundell of Wardour, was born at New Park, Somerset, on 22 May 1790, the eldest boy in a family of twelve. The family were Roman Catholics and he was educated at ...

Article

Courtenay, Edward, first earl of Devon (1526–1556), nobleman  

Ian W. Archer

Courtenay, Edward, first earl of Devon (1526–1556), nobleman, was the second but only surviving son of Henry Courtenay, marquess of Exeter (1498/9–1538), nobleman and courtier, and his second wife, Gertrude Courtenay (d. 1558), daughter of William Blount, fourth Baron Mountjoy. He was a great-grandson of ...