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Aubigné, William d' [William de Albini; known as William d'Aubigné Brito] (d. in or after 1148), baron  

K. S. B. Keats-Rohan

Aubigné, William d' [William de Albini; known as William d'Aubigné Brito] (d. in or after 1148), baron, was a younger son of the Breton lord Main of St Aubin-d'Aubigné (Ille-et-Vilaine) and his Norman wife, Adelaide de Bohun. His name often appears as Aubigny...

Article

Aubigny, William d' [William de Albini; known as William d'Aubigny Pincerna], first earl of Arundel (d. 1176), magnate  

Graeme White

Aubigny, William d' [William de Albini; known as William d'Aubigny Pincerna], first earl of Arundel (d. 1176), magnate, was the son of William d'Aubigny Pincerna (d. 1139), lord of Buckenham, Norfolk, and Maud (Matilda), daughter of Roger Bigod. The family took its name from ...

Article

Ballon [Baalun], John de (d. 1235), baron  

Henry Summerson

Ballon [Baalun], John de (d. 1235), baron, came of a family that took its name from Ballon, Maine, France, and was established in Herefordshire, as lords of Much Marcle, during the reign of William II. John succeeded his father, Reginald de Ballon, when the latter died in 1203. ...

Article

Beaumont [Newburgh], Henry de, first earl of Warwick (d. 1119), magnate  

David Crouch

Beaumont [Newburgh], Henry de, first earl of Warwick (d. 1119), magnate, was the younger son of Roger, lord of Beaumont-le-Roger and Pont Audemer, and Adeline, daughter of Waleran, count of Meulan. His first appearance was at the ducal court just before 1066 when he must have been already a young adult. Before 1100 he married ...

Article

Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), magnate and politician  

John Callow

Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), magnate and politician, was the elder surviving son of Colin Campbell, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), and his second wife, Lady Annas or Agnes Keith (c. 1540–1588), eldest daughter of William Keith, fourth Earl Marischal...

Image

Cover Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638)

Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Archibald Campbell, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/66–1638) by unknown artist in a private Scottish collection

Article

Campbell [McGillespic], Colin, first earl of Argyll (d. 1493), magnate  

Michael A. Penman

Campbell [McGillespic], Colin, first earl of Argyll (d. 1493), magnate, was the only son of Gillespic Campbell, first son of Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochawe (created Lord Campbell in 1445) [see under Campbell family (per. c. 1300-1453)]; Colin's mother was Gillespic's...

Article

Clifford, Henry, second earl of Cumberland (1517–1570), magnate  

Richard T. Spence

Clifford, Henry, second earl of Cumberland (1517–1570), magnate, was the eldest of the six children of Henry Clifford, first earl of Cumberland (c. 1493–1542), and his second wife, Margaret (c.1492–1540), daughter of Henry Percy, fifth earl of Northumberland. He was educated at home and then at court, where he spent much of his youth. He also attended the ...

Article

Douglas, William, ninth earl of Angus (1532/3–1591), magnate  

G. R. Hewitt

Douglas, William, ninth earl of Angus (1532/3–1591), magnate, was the son of Archibald Douglas of Glenbervie and Agnes Keith, daughter of William, second Earl Marischal. In 1552 he married Egidia, daughter of Robert Graham of Morphie; they had thirteen children—nine sons and four daughters. His paternal grandfather having been a son of ...

Article

Douglas, William, tenth earl of Angus (c. 1554–1611), magnate  

Allan White

Douglas, William, tenth earl of Angus (c. 1554–1611), magnate, was the eldest son of William Douglas, ninth earl of Angus (d. 1591), and his wife, Egidia or Giles Graham (d. in or after 1606), daughter of Robert Graham of Morphie. He studied at ...

Article

Ferrers, Robert de, first Earl Ferrers [earl of Derby, earl of Nottingham] (d. 1139), magnate  

Michael Jones

Ferrers, Robert de, first Earl Ferrers [earl of Derby, earl of Nottingham] (d. 1139), magnate, was the third son of Henry de Ferrers (d. 1093x1100), landowner, and his wife, Bertha, who succeeded to their English lands, notably the compact but undeveloped lordship of ...

Article

Fitzalan, Henry, twelfth earl of Arundel (1512–1580), magnate  

Julian Lock

Fitzalan, Henry, twelfth earl of Arundel (1512–1580), magnate, was born on 23 April 1512, the only son of William Fitzalan, eleventh earl of Arundel (c.1476–1544), magnate, and his second wife, Anne (b. in or before 1485, d. 1552), daughter of ...

Image

Cover Fitzalan, Henry, twelfth earl of Arundel (1512–1580)

Fitzalan, Henry, twelfth earl of Arundel (1512–1580)  

Maker: Hans Eworth

In 

Henry Fitzalan, twelfth earl of Arundel (1512–1580) attrib. Hans Eworth, 1558 reproduced by kind permission of His Grace the Duke of Norfolk. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Article

Gordon, Alexander (1552–1594)  

See Gordon, John, eleventh earl of Sutherland

Article

Gordon, George, first marquess of Huntly (1561/2–1636), magnate and politician  

J. R. M. Sizer

Gordon, George, first marquess of Huntly (1561/2–1636), magnate and politician, was the son of George Gordon, fifth earl of Huntly (d. 1576), and his wife, Lady Anne Hamilton (d. after 1574), daughter of James Hamilton, second earl of Arran and duke of Châtelherault...

Article

Gordon, George, fifth earl of Huntly (d. 1576), magnate  

Allan White

Gordon, George, fifth earl of Huntly (d. 1576), magnate, was the second, but eldest surviving, son and heir of George Gordon, fourth earl of Huntly (1513–1562), and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Keith. Perhaps because he was a younger son little is known of his early life before 18 January 1554, when he was contracted to marry ...

Article

Gordon, George, fourth earl of Huntly (1513–1562), magnate  

Allan White

Gordon, George, fourth earl of Huntly (1513–1562), magnate, was the eldest son of John Gordon, master of Huntly (d. 1517), and Margaret, illegitimate daughter of King James IV and Margaret Drummond. He succeeded his grandfather Alexander Gordon, the third earl, in 1524; his wardship was given to ...

Article

Gordon, John, eleventh earl of Sutherland (1525–1567), magnate  

Allan White

Gordon, John, eleventh earl of Sutherland (1525–1567), magnate, was the son of Alexander Gordon (c.1501–1530), master of Sutherland, and his wife, Janet Stewart, eldest daughter of John Stewart, second earl of Atholl. On 17 March 1537 he succeeded his grandfather Adam Gordon...

Article

Graham, John, third earl of Montrose (1548–1608), magnate and lord chancellor of Scotland  

Rob Macpherson

Graham, John, third earl of Montrose (1548–1608), magnate and lord chancellor of Scotland, was the posthumous son of Robert Graham, master of Graham (c.1518–1547), and his wife, Margaret Fleming (d. 1584×7), daughter of Malcolm, third Lord Fleming. His father, who was killed at the battle of ...

Article

Hamilton, James, first earl of Arran (1475?–1529), magnate  

Elaine Finnie Greig

Hamilton, James, first earl of Arran (1475?–1529), magnate, was the only son of James Hamilton, first Lord Hamilton (c. 1410–1479), and Princess Mary (c.1450–c.1488), daughter of James II, king of Scots, and his queen, Mary of Gueldres. He became head of the house of ...