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Aston [Ashton], John (d. in or before 1407), Lollard preacher  

Maureen Jurkowski

Aston [Ashton], John (d. in or before 1407), Lollard preacher, was an early disciple of John Wyclif. A native of Worcester diocese, from 1365 to 1372 he was paid as a fellow of Merton College (which produced a large number of Wycliffites), and in 1372 was appointed a royal commissioner to settle a dispute at the university over the election of proctors. He gained the degrees of master of arts and scholar of theology. His career as a Wycliffite preacher had begun by 1382, if not earlier. The ...

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Barton, John (fl. 1417), physician and alleged heretic  

Michael Wilks

Barton, John (fl. 1417), physician and alleged heretic, was the subject of a testimonial issued at Reading on 11 May 1417 by Archbishop Chichele, stating that John Barton, described as a doctor of the city of London, had purged himself in a provincial council held at ...

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Article

Boughton, Joan (c. 1414–1494), Wycliffite heretic  

Henry Summerson

Boughton, Joan (c. 1414–1494), Wycliffite heretic, is known only from accounts of her death. The fullest of these, in the great chronicle of London, records that she was a widow and mother, and describes her as 'an old cankyrd heretyke that dotid For age...

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Bryhtwell [Bryghtwell], Thomas (d. 1390), ecclesiastic and suspected heretic  

Charles Kightly

Bryhtwell [Bryghtwell], Thomas (d. 1390), ecclesiastic and suspected heretic, was born in the diocese of Salisbury, possibly at either Brightwell or Britwell, both in Berkshire, the son of John Welle. First recorded in 1364, as a fellow of Exeter College, Oxford, he was a fellow of ...

Article

Cheyne, Sir John (c. 1390–1468), Lollard and rebel  

Linda Clark

Cheyne, Sir John (c. 1390–1468), Lollard and rebel, was the elder son of Roger Cheyne (1362–1414) of Drayton Beauchamp, Buckinghamshire, one of the leaders of the Lollard movement in the early fifteenth century. Roger may well have adopted his heretical leanings through the influence of the prominent Lollard knight and diplomat ...

Article

Claydon, John (d. 1415), heretic  

Christina von Nolcken

Claydon, John (d. 1415), heretic, is first certainly recorded on 9 June 1386, when with five others he stood surety for John Northampton, formerly a controversial mayor of London, and for Northampton's associates John More and Richard Norbury. He may also have been the ...

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Clement (fl. 744–747), alleged heretic  

Timothy Reuter

Clement (fl. 744–747), alleged heretic, was a cleric in Francia during the time of St Boniface (d. 754); he claimed to be a bishop, implying probably the status of a chorbishop or Irish-style bishop rather than governance of a diocese. Although said to have been Irish by birth, he is never called ...

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Clifford, Sir Lewis (c. 1330–1404), soldier and suspected heretic  

Peter Fleming

Clifford, Sir Lewis (c. 1330–1404), soldier and suspected heretic, 'far from being of the north-country baronial family was a cadet of the Cliffords of Devonshire, such small fry that their pedigree is difficult to trace' (McFarlane, 162). He was probably born in the early 1330s. His military career began inauspiciously as one of the ...

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Hereford, Nicholas (b. c. 1345, d. after 1417), ecclesiastic and Wycliffite  

Simon Forde

Hereford, Nicholas (b. c. 1345, d. after 1417), ecclesiastic and Wycliffite, may have been a native of Hereford. He is first recorded in September 1369, by when he was a fellow of Queen's College, Oxford, where he was treasurer in 1374/5. In the meantime he had been ordained priest on 8 June 1370, which suggests that he was born no later than 1345. He incepted as DTh in 1382. He must have either formed or maintained some connection with ...

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Article

Lollard knights (act. c. 1380–c. 1414)  

Charles Kightly

Lollard knights (act. c. 1380–c. 1414), is the name conventionally given to a close-knit group of influential courtiers, accused by contemporary chroniclers of promoting heretical Lollard doctrines during the reigns of Richard II and Henry IV. The Leicester chronicler Henry Knighton (writing during the 1380s) names ...

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Lollard women (act. c. 1390–c. 1520)  

Norman P. Tanner

Lollard women (act. c. 1390–c. 1520), were a significant feature in nonconformist and heretical circles before the end of the fourteenth century, and remained so throughout the subsequent history of the Lollard movement. Most of the information about them, even more than for men, comes from the records of prosecuting authorities, and as a result is almost always tantalizingly brief—snapshots taken at the time of their appearance in court. Even so, a rich variety of characters and roles is revealed. It should be noted at the outset, however, that the appropriateness of the term ‘Lollard’ (which originated as a word of abuse) rather than ‘Wycliffite’, as well as the size of the movement and the extent of its dependence on ...

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Pateshull, Peter (fl. 1387), apostate Augustinian friar and religious controversialist  

Anne Hudson

Pateshull, Peter (fl. 1387), apostate Augustinian friar and religious controversialist, was at first a member of the Augustinian convent in London. According to John Bale he studied in Oxford, where he gained the degree of doctor of theology, but there is no contemporary confirmation for this. ...

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