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Article

Basset, Philip (d. 1271), justiciar and royalist nobleman  

R. Malcolm Hogg

Basset, Philip (d. 1271), justiciar and royalist nobleman, was a younger son and eventually—on the death of his brother, Fulk Basset, bishop of London, in 1259—heir of Alan Basset, lord of Wycombe, Buckinghamshire. Despite a strong family tradition of royal service, which Basset...

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Cover Beaufort, Henry (1375?–1447)
Henry Beaufort (1375?–1447) stone effigy © English Heritage. NMR

Article

Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal  

G. L. Harriss

Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal, was the second of four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403), daughter of the Hainaulter Sir Payn Roelt, who was governess to the duke's children [...

Article

Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier  

G. L. Harriss

Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier, was the youngest of the three illegitimate sons of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, and Katherine Swynford [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster]. His brothers were John Beaufort and Henry Beaufort...

Article

Bermingham, John, earl of Louth (c. 1290–1329), magnate and justiciar of Ireland  

Robin Frame

Bermingham, John, earl of Louth (c. 1290–1329), magnate and justiciar of Ireland, was the eldest of at least four legitimate sons of Peter Bermingham of Tethmoy (d. 1308) and Ela, one of four daughters and coheirs of William de Odingsells of Maxstoke, Warwickshire...

Article

Bigod, Hugh (b. in or before 1220, d. 1266), baron and justiciar  

Paul Brand

Bigod, Hugh (b. in or before 1220, d. 1266), baron and justiciar, was a younger son of Hugh (II) Bigod, earl of Norfolk, who died in 1225. His mother was Matilda (or Maud; c.1192–1248), the eldest daughter and eventual coheir of William Marshal, ...

Article

Butler, James, second earl of Ormond (1331–1382), magnate and justiciar of Ireland  

Robin Frame

Butler, James, second earl of Ormond (1331–1382), magnate and justiciar of Ireland, was the only surviving son of James Butler, the first earl of Ormond (c. 1305–1338), and his wife, Eleanor de Bohun (d. 1363), a granddaughter of Edward I. His kinship to ...

Article

Butler, James, third earl of Ormond (c. 1360–1405), magnate and justiciar of Ireland  

C. A. Empey

Butler, James, third earl of Ormond (c. 1360–1405), magnate and justiciar of Ireland, was the son of James Butler, second earl of Ormond (1331–1382), and Elizabeth (d. 1390), daughter of Sir John Darcy. He was about twenty-three when he was granted custody of his lands on 2 March 1383. As head of a great lordship centred on ...

Article

Compton, Sir William (1482?–1528), courtier  

G. W. Bernard

Compton, Sir William (1482?–1528), courtier, was the son and heir of Edmund Compton of Compton, Warwickshire; he was described as eleven years old and more on his father's death in 1493. According to Dugdale he became a page to Prince Henry, duke of York...

Article

Crichton, William, of that ilk, first Lord Crichton (d. 1453), administrator and courtier  

Alan R. Borthwick

Crichton, William, of that ilk, first Lord Crichton (d. 1453), administrator and courtier, was the eldest son of Sir John Crichton of that ilk and his spouse, thought to have been Christian Grimslaw (who survived her husband). The family's principal seat was at ...

Article

Douglas, Archibald [nicknamed Bell-the-Cat], fifth earl of Angus (c. 1449–1513), magnate and rebel  

Norman Macdougall

Douglas, Archibald [nicknamed Bell-the-Cat], fifth earl of Angus (c. 1449–1513), magnate and rebel, was the elder of the two sons of George Douglas, fourth earl of Angus (c. 1417–1463), and his wife, Isabel, daughter of Sir John Sibbald of Balgonie in Fife...

Article

Douglas, Archibald, sixth earl of Angus (c. 1489–1557), magnate and lord chancellor of Scotland  

Marcus Merriman

Douglas, Archibald, sixth earl of Angus (c. 1489–1557), magnate and lord chancellor of Scotland, was the eldest son of George Douglas, master of Angus (c.1469–1513), and his wife, Elizabeth, widow of Sir David Fleming of Monycabo and daughter of John Drummond, ...

Article

Fitzgerald, Maurice fitz Thomas, first earl of Desmond (c. 1293–1356), magnate and justiciar of Ireland  

Robin Frame

Fitzgerald, Maurice fitz Thomas, first earl of Desmond (c. 1293–1356), magnate and justiciar of Ireland, was a younger son of Thomas fitz Maurice Fitzgerald (d. 1298), lord of Desmond and justiciar of Ireland, and Margaret, daughter of Thomas Berkeley of Berkeley Castle...

Article

Fitzgerald, Maurice fitz Thomas, fourth earl of Kildare (c. 1322–1390), magnate and justiciar of Ireland  

Robin Frame

Fitzgerald, Maurice fitz Thomas, fourth earl of Kildare (c. 1322–1390), magnate and justiciar of Ireland, was the youngest of three sons of Thomas fitz John Fitzgerald, the second earl (d. 1328), and his wife, Joan (d. 1359), a daughter of Richard de Burgh, ...

Article

Gordon [formerly Seton], George, second earl of Huntly (1440/41–1501), magnate  

Norman Macdougall

Gordon [formerly Seton], George, second earl of Huntly (1440/41–1501), magnate, was the eldest son of Alexander Seton, first earl of Huntly (d. 1470), and his second wife, Elizabeth Crichton, daughter of the then chancellor, Sir William Crichton (d. 1454); they married shortly before 18 March 1440. ...

Article

John fitz Geoffrey (c. 1206–1258), justiciar of Ireland and baronial leader  

D. A. Carpenter

revised

John fitz Geoffrey (c. 1206–1258), justiciar of Ireland and baronial leader, was the son of Geoffrey fitz Peter, fourth earl of Essex, justiciar of England (d. 1213), and his second wife, Aveline, daughter of Roger de Clare, earl of Hertford, and widow of ...

Article

Neville, Richard, fifth earl of Salisbury (1400–1460), magnate  

A. J. Pollard

Neville, Richard, fifth earl of Salisbury (1400–1460), magnate, was the eldest son of Ralph Neville, first earl of Westmorland (c. 1364–1425), and his second wife, Joan Beaufort (d. 1440), daughter of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster. He was thus the nephew of ...

Article

Norwich, Ralph of (d. 1258/9), administrator and royal clerk  

William Hunt

revised by Paul Brand

Norwich, Ralph of (d. 1258/9), administrator and royal clerk, was perhaps a native of Buckinghamshire. He was sent to Ireland as the king's messenger in May 1216, and having returned to England with a message from Geoffrey de Marisco, the justiciar, was on the accession of ...

Article

Robert [Robert de Beaumont], second earl of Leicester (1104–1168), magnate and justiciar  

David Crouch

Robert [Robert de Beaumont], second earl of Leicester (1104–1168), magnate and justiciar, was the son of Robert de Beaumont, count of Meulan and earl of Leicester (d. 1118), and Isabel (d. 1147), daughter of Hugues, count of Vermandois. Robert was born one of twins, according to ...

Article

Sinclair, William, third earl of Orkney and first earl of Caithness (b. after 1407, d. 1480)  

See Sinclair family