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Allies, Thomas William (1813–1903), theologian and Roman Catholic convert  

W. B. Owen

revised by G. Martin Murphy

Allies, Thomas William (1813–1903), theologian and Roman Catholic convert, born at Midsomer Norton, Somerset, on 12 February 1813, was the son of Thomas Allies, curate of Henbury, Bristol, and later rector of Wormington, and his wife, Frances Elizabeth Fripp, daughter of a Bristol...

Article

Aston [Ashton], John (d. in or before 1407), Lollard preacher  

Maureen Jurkowski

Aston [Ashton], John (d. in or before 1407), Lollard preacher, was an early disciple of John Wyclif. A native of Worcester diocese, from 1365 to 1372 he was paid as a fellow of Merton College (which produced a large number of Wycliffites), and in 1372 was appointed a royal commissioner to settle a dispute at the university over the election of proctors. He gained the degrees of master of arts and scholar of theology. His career as a Wycliffite preacher had begun by 1382, if not earlier. The ...

Article

Baring, George (1781–1854), leader of the Western Schism and seceder from the Church of England  

Grayson Carter

Baring, George (1781–1854), leader of the Western Schism and seceder from the Church of England, was born on 23 September 1781 in Mincing Lane, City of London, the fifth son of Sir Francis Baring (1740–1810), the founder of Baring Brothers merchant bank and a whig MP, and his wife, ...

Article

Barnard, John [known as John Augustine Bernard] (b. 1660/61, d. in or after 1713), Roman Catholic convert and author  

A. J. Hegarty

Barnard, John [known as John Augustine Bernard] (b. 1660/61, d. in or after 1713), Roman Catholic convert and author, was the son of John Barnard (d. 1683), rector of Waddington, Lincolnshire, and his wife, Lettice, daughter of Peter Heylyn. Having matriculated from ...

Article

Barton, John (fl. 1417), physician and alleged heretic  

Michael Wilks

Barton, John (fl. 1417), physician and alleged heretic, was the subject of a testimonial issued at Reading on 11 May 1417 by Archbishop Chichele, stating that John Barton, described as a doctor of the city of London, had purged himself in a provincial council held at ...

Article

See Lollard women

Article

Bellasis, Edward (1800–1873), serjeant-at-law and Roman Catholic convert  

H. C. G. Matthew

Bellasis, Edward (1800–1873), serjeant-at-law and Roman Catholic convert, was born at his father's vicarage at Basildon, Berkshire, on 14 October 1800, the only son of the Revd George Bellasis of Queen's College, Oxford, rector of Yattendon and vicar of Basilden (or Basildon) and ...

Article

Best [Beste], Henry Digby (1768–1836), Roman Catholic convert and author  

Rosemary Mitchell

Best [Beste], Henry Digby (1768–1836), Roman Catholic convert and author, was born in Lincoln on 21 October 1768, the son of Henry Best (1730–1782), prebendary of Lincoln from 1762. His mother, Magdalen (d. 1797), the daughter of Kenelm Digby of North Luffenham...

Article

Boughton, Joan (c. 1414–1494), Wycliffite heretic  

Henry Summerson

Boughton, Joan (c. 1414–1494), Wycliffite heretic, is known only from accounts of her death. The fullest of these, in the great chronicle of London, records that she was a widow and mother, and describes her as 'an old cankyrd heretyke that dotid For age...

Article

Bryhtwell [Bryghtwell], Thomas (d. 1390), ecclesiastic and suspected heretic  

Charles Kightly

Bryhtwell [Bryghtwell], Thomas (d. 1390), ecclesiastic and suspected heretic, was born in the diocese of Salisbury, possibly at either Brightwell or Britwell, both in Berkshire, the son of John Welle. First recorded in 1364, as a fellow of Exeter College, Oxford, he was a fellow of ...

Article

Carier, Benjamin (bap. 1565, d. 1614), Church of England clergyman and Roman Catholic convert  

Antony Charles Ryan

Carier, Benjamin (bap. 1565, d. 1614), Church of England clergyman and Roman Catholic convert, was baptized on 6 January 1565 at Boughton Monchelsea, Kent, the third child and eldest son of the four sons and five daughters of Anthony Carier (d. 1580)...

Article

Carpenter, Richard (1604/5–1670?), Roman Catholic priest and apostate author  

William E. Burns

Carpenter, Richard (1604/5–1670?), Roman Catholic priest and apostate, was the son of William Carpenter (d. 1611) of Denshanger, Passenham, Northamptonshire, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Thomas Piggot of Doddershall, Quainton, Buckinghamshire. Born at Doddershall, he had one brother and two sisters. ...

Image

Cover Carpenter, Richard (1604/5–1670?)

Carpenter, Richard (1604/5–1670?)  

Maker: William Marshall

In 

Richard Carpenter (1604/55–?1670) by William Marshall, 1641 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Cheyne, Sir John (c. 1390–1468), Lollard and rebel  

Linda Clark

Cheyne, Sir John (c. 1390–1468), Lollard and rebel, was the elder son of Roger Cheyne (1362–1414) of Drayton Beauchamp, Buckinghamshire, one of the leaders of the Lollard movement in the early fifteenth century. Roger may well have adopted his heretical leanings through the influence of the prominent Lollard knight and diplomat ...

Article

Claydon, John (d. 1415), heretic  

Christina von Nolcken

Claydon, John (d. 1415), heretic, is first certainly recorded on 9 June 1386, when with five others he stood surety for John Northampton, formerly a controversial mayor of London, and for Northampton's associates John More and Richard Norbury. He may also have been the ...

Article

Clement (fl. 744–747), alleged heretic  

Timothy Reuter

Clement (fl. 744–747), alleged heretic, was a cleric in Francia during the time of St Boniface (d. 754); he claimed to be a bishop, implying probably the status of a chorbishop or Irish-style bishop rather than governance of a diocese. Although said to have been Irish by birth, he is never called ...

Article

Clifford, Sir Lewis (c. 1330–1404), soldier and suspected heretic  

Peter Fleming

Clifford, Sir Lewis (c. 1330–1404), soldier and suspected heretic, 'far from being of the north-country baronial family was a cadet of the Cliffords of Devonshire, such small fry that their pedigree is difficult to trace' (McFarlane, 162). He was probably born in the early 1330s. His military career began inauspiciously as one of the ...

Article

See Lollard women

Article

Connelly, Pierce (1804–1883), apostate Episcopal priest and anti-Catholic pamphleteer  

D. G. Paz

Connelly, Pierce (1804–1883), apostate Episcopal priest and anti-Catholic pamphleteer, was born on 9 August 1804 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the eldest of four sons of Henry Connelly, a cabinet-maker, and his second wife, Elizabeth Pierce. He married Cornelia Peacock [see Connelly, Cornelia (1809-1879)...

Article

Copley [alias Luttrell], John (c. 1577–1662), protestant convert and Church of England clergyman  

Elizabeth Allen

Copley [alias Luttrell], John (c. 1577–1662), protestant convert and Church of England clergyman, was born at Louvain in the Spanish Netherlands, the fourth and youngest surviving son of Thomas Copley (1532–1584) of Gatton, Surrey, and Roughay, Sussex, a coheir of Lord Hoo and Hastings...