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Alexandre, Pierre [pseud. Simon Alexius] (c. 1498–1563), prior of Arras and theologian  

Richard Copsey

Alexandre, Pierre [pseud. Simon Alexius] (c. 1498–1563), prior of Arras and theologian, was born in Arras where he entered the Carmelite priory. He studied theology at Paris, gaining his doctorate there on 11 December 1534. This suggests he was born about 1498. Having become Carmelite prior at ...

Article

Allies, Thomas William (1813–1903), theologian and Roman Catholic convert  

W. B. Owen

revised by G. Martin Murphy

Allies, Thomas William (1813–1903), theologian and Roman Catholic convert, born at Midsomer Norton, Somerset, on 12 February 1813, was the son of Thomas Allies, curate of Henbury, Bristol, and later rector of Wormington, and his wife, Frances Elizabeth Fripp, daughter of a Bristol...

Article

Anderton, James [pseud. John Brereley] (1557–1613), religious controversialist  

Michael Mullett

Anderton, James [pseud. John Brereley] (1557–1613), religious controversialist, was the eldest son of the lawyer and magistrate Christopher Anderton, and his wife, Dorothy, née Anderton. On his father's death in 1592 James inherited his large estate at Lostock near Bolton in Lancashire...

Article

Askham [Ascham], Anthony (c. 1517–1559), writer on astronomy and almanac maker  

Bernard Capp

Askham [Ascham], Anthony (c. 1517–1559), writer on astronomy and almanac maker, was born at Kirby Wiske, near Northallerton, Yorkshire, the third son of John Ascham (d. 1544) of Kirby Wiske, who was a yeoman farmer and steward to Lord Scrope of Bolton...

Article

Aspinwall, Edward (1678–1732), religious controversialist  

A. H. Bullen

revised by S. J. Skedd

Aspinwall, Edward (1678–1732), religious controversialist, was born on 1 January 1678 and baptized the same day at Aughton by Ormskirk, Lancashire, the son of Henry Aspinwall. Almost certainly born into a Roman Catholic family, he was educated at the English College at St Omer...

Article

Barnes, John (c. 1581–1661), Benedictine monk and religious controversialist  

Dominic Aidan Bellenger

Barnes, John (c. 1581–1661), Benedictine monk and religious controversialist, was probably born in Norfolk 'of parents of humble condition', and studied at Cambridge (McCann and Connolly, 203). Having converted to Catholicism he entered the English College, Douai, on 18 November 1601 and was sent as a seminarian to ...

Article

Barrett, William (b. c. 1561, d. in or after 1630), theologian  

Elizabeth Allen

Barrett, William (b. c. 1561, d. in or after 1630), theologian, is of unknown parentage. He matriculated as a pensioner at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1580, graduating BA in 1585 and proceeding MA in 1588. He was appointed fellow and chaplain of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge...

Article

Bayly, Thomas (d. c. 1657), Church of England clergyman and Roman Catholic controversialist  

Thompson Cooper

revised by Stephen Wright

Bayly, Thomas (d. c. 1657), Church of England clergyman and Roman Catholic controversialist, was the fourth son of Dr Lewis Bayly (c. 1575–1631), bishop of Bangor, and his first wife, probably named Judith Appleton. His brother was John Bayly (1595/6–1633), scholar and clergyman. He was educated at ...

Article

Bell [alias Burton], Thomas (b. c. 1551, d. in or after 1610), Roman Catholic priest and protestant polemicist  

Alexandra Walsham

Bell [alias Burton], Thomas (b. c. 1551, d. in or after 1610), Roman Catholic priest and protestant polemicist, was born at Raskelf, near Thirsk, in Yorkshire. His parents are unknown, but he had several sisters and brothers, one of whom was later a merchant at ...

Article

Bishop, Edmund (1846–1917), liturgical scholar and ecclesiastical historian  

R. J. Schoeck

Bishop, Edmund (1846–1917), liturgical scholar and ecclesiastical historian, was born at Bridgetown, in Berry Pomeroy, near Totnes, Devon, on 17 May 1846, the youngest child of Michael Bishop (1802–1851), an innkeeper, and his wife, Susanna Quick (1804–1863). He had his early schooling in the grammar school at ...

Article

Bonville [Boville; alias Terill], Anthony (1623–1676), Jesuit and theologian  

J. Blom and F. Blom

Bonville [Boville; alias Terill], Anthony (1623–1676), Jesuit and theologian, was born at Canford in Dorset either on 20 February or on 2 March 1623, the son of Humphrey Bonville, esquire, and his wife, Mary. Both his parents were Roman Catholics, although, according to a later account by ...

Article

Bower, Archibald (1686x8–1766), religious controversialist and historical writer  

Geoffrey Holt

Bower, Archibald (1686x8–1766), religious controversialist and historical writer, was born either on 17 January 1686 or on 17 January 1687 or in September 1688, at or near Dundee. His parents' names are unknown. According to his own account he was descended from an ancient family that had for several hundred years been possessed of an estate in ...

Image

Cover Britten, James (1846–1924)

Britten, James (1846–1924)  

Maker: Maull & Fox

In 

James Britten (1846–1924) by Maull & Fox, 1906 by permission of the Linnean Society of London

Article

Britten, James (1846–1924), botanist and Roman Catholic propagandist  

William T. Stearn

Britten, James (1846–1924), botanist and Roman Catholic propagandist, was born on 3 May 1846 at 18 Shawfield Street, Chelsea, London, the son of James Alexander Britten, bookseller, and his wife, Mary Ann (née Shepard). His father was a prominent active member of the local community, and ...

Article

Butler, Basil Edward [name in religion Christopher Butler] (1902–1986), Roman Catholic bishop and theologian  

Dominic Aidan Bellenger

revised

Butler, Basil Edward [name in religion Christopher Butler] (1902–1986), Roman Catholic bishop and theologian, was born in Reading on 7 May 1902, the second of four sons and third of six children of William Edward Butler, wine merchant, and his wife, Bertha Alice Bowman...

Article

Challoner, Richard (1691–1781), religious writer and vicar apostolic of the London district  

Sheridan Gilley

Challoner, Richard (1691–1781), religious writer and vicar apostolic of the London district, was born at or near Lewes, Sussex, on 29 September 1691, the only son of Richard Challoner (who died in the early 1690s), a wine cooper, and his wife, Grace Willard (1669–1731)...

Image

Cover Challoner, Richard (1691–1781)

Challoner, Richard (1691–1781)  

Maker: unknown engraver

Richard Challoner (1691–1781) by unknown engraver © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Chapman, Henry Palmer [name in religion John] (1865–1933), abbot of Downside and biblical and spiritual author  

David Daniel Rees

Chapman, Henry Palmer [name in religion John] (1865–1933), abbot of Downside and biblical and spiritual author, was born on 25 April 1865 at Ashfield, Suffolk, the youngest child and the only son of Frank Robert Chapman (d. 1924), archdeacon of Sudbury...

Article

Chillingworth, William (1602–1644), theologian  

Warren Chernaik

Chillingworth, William (1602–1644), theologian, was born in Oxford in October 1602 'in a little house on the north side of the conduit at Quatervois [Carfax]' (Wood, Ath. Oxon., 3.867), the son of William Chillingworth (d. 1653), a prosperous mercer who later became mayor of ...

Article

Connelly, Pierce (1804–1883), apostate Episcopal priest and anti-Catholic pamphleteer  

D. G. Paz

Connelly, Pierce (1804–1883), apostate Episcopal priest and anti-Catholic pamphleteer, was born on 9 August 1804 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the eldest of four sons of Henry Connelly, a cabinet-maker, and his second wife, Elizabeth Pierce. He married Cornelia Peacock [see Connelly, Cornelia (1809-1879)...