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Clements, Nathaniel (1705–1777), Treasury official and property developer  

A. P. W. Malcomson

Clements, Nathaniel (1705–1777), Treasury official and property developer, was the fifth son of Robert Clements (1664–1722) of Rathkenny, near Cootehill, co. Cavan, a second-generation squire of Cromwellian origins, and Elizabeth (d. 1742), daughter of General Theophilus Sandford of Moyglare, co. Meath. Clements...

Article

Ewart, Sir William, first baronet (1817–1889), linen manufacturer, politician, and philanthropist  

L. A. Clarkson

Ewart, Sir William, first baronet (1817–1889), linen manufacturer, politician, and philanthropist, was born on 11 November 1817 in Sydenham, on the outskirts of Belfast, the eldest son of William Ewart (1789–1873) and Mary Anne, née Rosen. He was educated at the Belfast Royal Academy...

Article

French, Robert (1716–1779), landowner and politician  

Toby Barnard

French, Robert (1716–1779), landowner and politician, was the eldest son of Patrick French (d. 1744), barrister, and Jane Digby, the daughter of Simon Digby, successively bishop of Limerick and Elphin. The Frenches, of Anglo-Norman origins, had settled originally in the port of ...

Article

Gardiner, Luke, first Viscount Mountjoy (1745–1798), politician and property developer  

James Kelly

Gardiner, Luke, first Viscount Mountjoy (1745–1798), politician and property developer, was born on 7 February 1745, the eldest son of Charles Gardiner (c.1712–1769), landowner and MP, and Florinda Norman (b. 1722). As the scion of a family that had become extremely wealthy as a consequence of shrewd land purchases and urban development on ...

Article

Hogg, Sir James Weir, first baronet (1790–1876), director and chairman of the East India Company  

G. F. R. Barker

revised by Katherine Prior

Hogg, Sir James Weir, first baronet (1790–1876), director and chairman of the East India Company, was born at Stoneyford, near Lisburn, co. Antrim, on 7 September 1790, the elder son of William Hogg (1754–1824), of Belmont, co. Antrim, and his wife, Mary, daughter of ...

Article

Monro, Henry (1758–1798), Irish nationalist and linen draper  

Kenneth L. Dawson

Monro, Henry (1758–1798), Irish nationalist and linen draper, was born in May or June 1758 in Lisburn, co. Antrim, Ireland, the second of three children. His father (1733–1793) was a Presbyterian, and his mother, Margaret Gorman (d. 1832), the daughter of a country gentleman of ...

Article

Renzy, Sir Matthew de (1577–1634), customs official and Gaelic scholar  

Brian Mac Cuarta

Renzy, Sir Matthew de (1577–1634), customs official and Gaelic scholar, was born in 1577 in 'Cullen' (probably Cologne), Germany. Having spent some time as a cloth dealer in Antwerp, he moved to London and lived there as a merchant stranger in ...

Article

Sullivan, John (1749–1839), East India Company servant and politician  

Nigel Chancellor

Sullivan, John (1749–1839), East India Company servant and politician, was born on 7 April 1749 in Cork, co. Cork, the second of three sons of Benjamin Sullivan (1720–1767), clerk of the crown for the counties of Cork and Waterford, and Bridget (d...