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Caulfeild, Toby, first Baron Caulfeild of Charlemont (bap. 1565, d. 1627), soldier, politician, and landowner  

R. J. Hunter

Caulfeild, Toby, first Baron Caulfeild of Charlemont (bap. 1565, d. 1627), soldier, politician, and landowner, was baptized on 2 December 1565 at Great Milton, Oxfordshire, a younger son of Alexander Caulfeild. Nothing is known of his early years or education, but from 1590 he pursued a military career, sailing on ...

Article

Fitzgerald, James, first duke of Leinster (1722–1773), politician and landowner  

Eoin Magennis

Fitzgerald, James, first duke of Leinster (1722–1773), politician and landowner, was born on 29 May 1722 at Carton, co. Kildare, Ireland, the second son but surviving heir of Robert Fitzgerald, nineteenth earl of Kildare (1675–1744), landowner, and Lady Mary O'Brien (1692–1780), eldest daughter of ...

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Cover Fitzgerald, James, first duke of Leinster (1722–1773)

Fitzgerald, James, first duke of Leinster (1722–1773)  

Maker: Allan Ramsay

In 

James Fitzgerald, first duke of Leinster (1722–1773) by Allan Ramsay, 1762 © reserved

Article

French, Robert (1716–1779), landowner and politician  

Toby Barnard

French, Robert (1716–1779), landowner and politician, was the eldest son of Patrick French (d. 1744), barrister, and Jane Digby, the daughter of Simon Digby, successively bishop of Limerick and Elphin. The Frenches, of Anglo-Norman origins, had settled originally in the port of ...

Article

Hamilton, James, first duke of Abercorn (1811–1885), landowner and politician  

G. B. Smith

revised by Peter Gray

Hamilton, James, first duke of Abercorn (1811–1885), landowner and politician, eldest son of James, Viscount Hamilton (d. 1814), and his wife, Harriet, daughter of the Hon. John Douglas, was born on 21 January 1811 in Seamore Place, Mayfair, Westminster. He succeeded as ...

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Cover Hamilton, James, first duke of Abercorn (1811–1885)

Hamilton, James, first duke of Abercorn (1811–1885)  

Maker: Bassano

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James Hamilton, first duke of Abercorn (1811–1885) by Bassano © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Jocelyn, Robert, first earl of Roden (1720/21–1797), landowner and politician  

Martyn J. Powell

Jocelyn, Robert, first earl of Roden (1720/21–1797), landowner and politician, was the son of Robert Jocelyn, first Viscount Jocelyn (1687/8–1756), and his first wife, Charlotte (d. 1747), daughter of Charles Anderson of Worcester. The date of his baptism is usually given as 31 July 1731 but this may be an error for 1721. He matriculated at ...

Article

King, Sir John (d. 1637), politician and landowner  

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Terry Clavin

King, Sir John (d. 1637), politician and landowner, was born of a Yorkshire family, although the name of his parents and details of his early years remain unknown. He is first recorded in Ireland in July 1585 as secretary to Richard Bingham, governor of ...

Article

Lawless, Valentine Browne, second Baron Cloncurry (1773–1853), politician and landowner  

Robert Dunlop

revised by Gerard McCoy

Lawless, Valentine Browne, second Baron Cloncurry (1773–1853), politician and landowner, only surviving son of Nicholas, first Baron Cloncurry (1733–1799), and Margaret (1748–1798), only child and heir of Valentine Browne of Mount Browne, co. Limerick, a wealthy Roman Catholic brewer of Dublin, was born in ...

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Cover Lawless, Valentine Browne, second Baron Cloncurry (1773–1853)

Lawless, Valentine Browne, second Baron Cloncurry (1773–1853)  

Maker: John Hogan

In 

Valentine Browne Lawless, second Baron Cloncurry (1773–1853) by John Hogan, 1841 National Museum of Ireland; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

O'Neill, John, first Viscount O'Neill (1740–1798), politician and landowner  

A. T. Q. Stewart

O'Neill, John, first Viscount O'Neill (1740–1798), politician and landowner, was born on 16 January 1740 at Shane's Castle, co. Antrim, the eldest son of Charles O'Neill (d. 1769), MP and landowner, and Catherine Alice (d. 1790), third daughter of St John Brodrick MP...

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Cover O'Neill, John, first Viscount O'Neill (1740–1798)

O'Neill, John, first Viscount O'Neill (1740–1798)  

Maker: Samuel William Reynolds senior

In 

John O'Neill, first Viscount O'Neill (1740–1798) by Samuel William Reynolds senior (after James Dowling Herbert, after Matthew William Peters, in or after 1778) National Gallery of Ireland

Article

Parnell, Charles Stewart (1846–1891), politician and landowner  

Paul Bew

Parnell, Charles Stewart (1846–1891), politician and landowner, was born on 27 June 1846 at Avondale, co. Wicklow, the seventh of the eleven children of John Henry Parnell (1811–1859), deputy lieutenant and high sheriff for co. Wicklow, and his wife, Delia Tudor (1816–1896), daughter of ...

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Cover Parnell, Charles Stewart (1846–1891)

Parnell, Charles Stewart (1846–1891)  

Maker: Sydney Prior Hall

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Charles Stewart Parnell (1846–1891) by Sydney Prior Hall, 1888–9 [at the Parnell commission inquiry] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cover Ponsonby, Frederick, third earl of Bessborough (1758–1844)

Ponsonby, Frederick, third earl of Bessborough (1758–1844)  

Maker: Sir Joshua Reynolds

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Frederick Ponsonby, third earl of Bessborough (1758–1844) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1785 private collection; © reserved in the photograph

Article

Ponsonby, Frederick, third earl of Bessborough (1758–1844), politician and landowner  

John Rosselli

Ponsonby, Frederick, third earl of Bessborough (1758–1844), politician and landowner, was born on 24 January 1758, most probably at 1 Cavendish Square, London, the fifth (but only surviving) son of William Ponsonby, second earl of Bessborough (1704–1793), and his wife, Lady Caroline Cavendish (1719–1760)...

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Cover Ponsonby, John William, fourth earl of Bessborough (1781–1847)

Ponsonby, John William, fourth earl of Bessborough (1781–1847)  

Maker: Sir Edwin Landseer

In 

John William Ponsonby, fourth earl of Bessborough (1781–1847) by Sir Edwin Landseer, c. 1835 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Ponsonby, John William, fourth earl of Bessborough (1781–1847), politician and landowner  

K. Theodore Hoppen

Ponsonby, John William, fourth earl of Bessborough (1781–1847), politician and landowner, was born on 31 August 1781, the eldest son of Frederick Ponsonby, third earl of Bessborough (1758–1844), and his wife, Henrietta Frances Ponsonby (1761–1821), the second daughter of John, first Earl Spencer...