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Alleyne, Sir John Gay, first baronet (1724–1801), planter and politician  

John Gilmore

Alleyne, Sir John Gay, first baronet (1724–1801), planter and politician, was born in the parish of St James, Barbados, on 28 April 1724, the second (but only surviving) son of John Alleyne (1695–1730), of Four Hills, Barbados, and his wife, Mary (d...

Article

Beckford, Peter (1672/3–1735), planter and politician in Jamaica  

Richard B. Sheridan

Beckford, Peter (1672/3–1735), planter and politician in Jamaica, was the son of Peter Beckford (bap. 1643, d. 1710) and his second wife, Anne Ballard. Beckford was elected to the assembly (like his father, who was a member of the house of assembly...

Article

Beckford, Peter (bap. 1643, d. 1710), planter in Jamaica and politician  

Richard B. Sheridan

Beckford, Peter (bap. 1643, d. 1710), planter in Jamaica and politician, was baptized on 19 November 1643 at St James, Clerkenwell, Middlesex, the son of Peter Beckford, 'a shadowy and humble figure' whose dates of birth and death are unknown (...

Article

Beckford, William (bap. 1709, d. 1770), planter and politician  

Richard B. Sheridan

Beckford, William (bap. 1709, d. 1770), planter and politician, was baptized on 19 December 1709, in Jamaica, the son of Peter Beckford (1672/3–1735), sugar planter, speaker of the Jamaica house of assembly, and comptroller of customs, and Bathshua, daughter and coheir of Julines Hering...

Article

Beckford, William (1744–1799), sugar planter and historian  

Richard B. Sheridan

Beckford, William (1744–1799), sugar planter and historian, was born in Jamaica in 1744, the son and heir of Richard Beckford (d. 1756) and his common-law wife, Elizabeth Hay. His uncle was William Beckford, lord mayor of London, and his first cousin was ...

Image

Cover Beckford, William (1744–1799)

Beckford, William (1744–1799)  

Maker: unknown engraver

In 

William Beckford (1744–1799) by unknown engraver, pubd 1799 (after John? Miers) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Image

Cover Beckford, William (bap. 1709, d. 1770)

Beckford, William (bap. 1709, d. 1770)  

Maker: unknown engraver

William Beckford (bap. 1709, d. 1770) by unknown engraver, c. 1769 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bonython, Richard (bap. 1580, d. 1647x54), soldier and planter in America  

Robert Charles Anderson

Bonython, Richard (bap. 1580, d. 1647x54), soldier and planter in America, was baptized on 8 April 1580 at St Columb Major, Cornwall, a younger son and one of eight children of John Bonython and his wife, Eleanor Myleinton. Nothing else is known of his early life. He married by 1607 ...

Article

Bulloch, Archibald Stobo (1730–1777), planter and revolutionary politician in America  

Edward J. Cashin

Bulloch, Archibald Stobo (1730–1777), planter and revolutionary politician in America, was born in Charles Town, South Carolina, the son of James Bulloch (1701–1780) clergyman and planter, and Jean Stobo. Archibald studied law and was admitted to the bar before 1758, when he moved to ...

Article

Carroll, Charles [called the Barrister] (1723–1783), planter and revolutionary politician in America  

Ronald Hoffman

Carroll, Charles [called the Barrister] (1723–1783), planter and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 22 March 1723, at King George Street, Annapolis, Maryland, the eldest of three children of Charles Carroll (1691–1755), physician and ironmaster, and his first wife, Dorothy Blake...

Article

Carter, Charles (1707–1764), planter and politician in America  

John G. Kolp

Carter, Charles (1707–1764), planter and politician in America, was born at Corotoman, Lancaster county, Virginia, the seventh of twelve children of Robert ‘King’ Carter (1663–1732), Virginia planter, merchant, and politician, and the third with his second wife, the widow Elizabeth Willis, née Landon (1683–1719)...

Article

Carter, Landon (1710–1778), diarist and planter in America  

Rhys Isaac

Carter, Landon (1710–1778), diarist and planter in America, was born on 18 August 1710 at Corotoman, his family's country seat in Lancaster county, Virginia, the son of a very wealthy first-generation Virginian, Robert (King) Carter (1663–1732), a planter–merchant member of the king's council in ...

Article

Carter, Robert [called King Carter] (1663–1732), planter and politician in America  

Gwenda Morgan

Carter, Robert [called King Carter] (1663–1732), planter and politician in America, was born in Lancaster county in the Northern Neck of colonial Virginia. He was the son of Colonel John Carter (d. 1669), 'the emigrant', a prosperous planter, and his fourth wife, ...

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Cover Carter, Robert (1663–1732)

Carter, Robert (1663–1732)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Robert Carter (1663–1732) by unknown artist, c. 1720 National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

Article

Codrington, Christopher (1639/40–1698), planter, slave owner, and colonial official  

Andrew J. O'Shaughnessy

Codrington, Christopher (1639/40–1698), planter, slave owner, and colonial official, was born in Barbados, the son of Christopher Codrington (d. 1656), a planter and land speculator in Barbados, and Frances Drax, the sister of the prominent planter Sir James Drax. Nothing is known of his wife, ...

Article

Coode, John (c. 1648–1709), planter and politician in America  

Jean B. Russo

Coode, John (c. 1648–1709), planter and politician in America, was born in Penryn, Cornwall, the second of three sons of John Coode (1622–1713), lawyer, and his wife, Grace (d. 1694), daughter of Thomas Robins of Glasney College. Coode briefly attended Exeter College, Oxford...

Article

Cottle, Thomas John (1761–1828), plantation owner and philanthropist  

Clive Mitchell

Cottle, Thomas John (1761–1828), plantation owner and philanthropist, was the eldest of the four children of Thomas Cottle (1726–1765), solicitor-general of St Kitts, Leeward Islands, West Indies, and his wife, Grace Bell (1725–1800). Cottle inherited the Round Hill plantation with about 150 enslaved people on the neighbouring island of ...

Article

Dawkins, Henry (1728–1814), plantation and slave owner and politician  

James Dawkins

Dawkins, Henry (1728–1814), plantation and slave owner and politician, was born in Clarendon, Jamaica, on 24 May 1728, the fourth child and third son of Henry Dawkins (1698–1744) and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1695–1757), daughter of Edward Pennant, chief justice of Jamaica...

Article

Drayton, William Henry (1742–1779), planter and revolutionary leader in America  

Robert M. Weir

Drayton, William Henry (1742–1779), planter and revolutionary leader in America, was born in September 1742 at Drayton Hall, St Andrew's parish, South Carolina, the son of John Drayton (1713?–1779), a wealthy planter and public official, and Charlotta (1719–1743), daughter of Lieutenant-Governor William Bull...

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Cover Edwards, Bryan (1743–1800)

Edwards, Bryan (1743–1800)  

Maker: Thomas Holloway

In 

Bryan Edwards (1743–1800) by Thomas Holloway, pubd 1800 (after Lemuel Francis Abbott) © National Portrait Gallery, London