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Allestree, Richard (b. before 1582, d. c. 1643), almanac maker and mathematician  

Bernard Capp

Allestree, Richard (b. before 1582, d. c. 1643), almanac maker and mathematician, was a younger son of William Allestree (b. before 1520, d. 1581) and his wife, Ellen. The family lived at Alvaston and Derby. Richard was an uncle of the famous royalist divine ...

Article

Andrews, Henry (1744–1820), astronomer and astrologer  

Patrick Curry

Andrews, Henry (1744–1820), astronomer and astrologer, was born on 4 February 1744 in Frieston, Lincolnshire. His background was humble, and he received little or no formal education. A passion for astronomy was evident from a very early age, and by the time he was ten he had acquired a telescope, which he used to set on a table on ...

Article

Andrews, William (1634/5–1712/13), astrologer and teacher of mathematics  

Bernard Capp

Andrews, William (1634/5–1712/13), astrologer and teacher of mathematics, was a well-known compiler of almanacs. He spent his adult life in Essex, at Ashdown (1656), Saffron Walden (by 1660), and nearby Radwinter (from 1668), but it is not known whether he married. He studied astrology from about 1652 and composed his first almanac, for 1655, at the age of nineteen; a new edition followed every year until his death. Though he included political prophecies, he avoided controversy by taking a firmly patriotic line, predicting disasters for ...

Article

Armstrong, Edward Allworthy (1900–1978), ornithologist and Church of England clergyman  

K. E. L. Simmons

revised

Armstrong, Edward Allworthy (1900–1978), ornithologist and Church of England clergyman, was born at Corlea, Lowwood, Belfast, on 8 October 1900, the younger child and only son of Hamilton Armstrong, manufacturer's agent, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth Susan, daughter of Dr Samuel W. Allworthy...

Article

Askham [Ascham], Anthony (c. 1517–1559), writer on astronomy and almanac maker  

Bernard Capp

Askham [Ascham], Anthony (c. 1517–1559), writer on astronomy and almanac maker, was born at Kirby Wiske, near Northallerton, Yorkshire, the third son of John Ascham (d. 1544) of Kirby Wiske, who was a yeoman farmer and steward to Lord Scrope of Bolton...

Article

Ayton, William Alexander (1816–1909), Church of England clergyman and alchemist  

R. A. Gilbert

Ayton, William Alexander (1816–1909), Church of England clergyman and alchemist, was born on 28 April 1816 in the Bloomsbury district of London, the son of William Capon Ayton (1786-1843), solicitor, and his wife Nancy Marynée Nicolson (1791-1921). He was educated at the ...

Article

Barclay, Oliver Rainsford (1919–2013), zoologist and evangelical society administrator  

Andrew Atherstone

Barclay, Oliver Rainsford (1919–2013), zoologist and evangelical society administrator, was born in Kobe, Japan, on 22 February 1919, the son of Joseph Gurney Barclay (1879–1976) and his second wife, Gwendoline Rose, née Watney (1885–1976). His family connections included prominent Quakers and Anglicans employed in banking and evangelical missions, notably the ...

Article

Barlow, William (1544–1625), Church of England clergyman and natural philosopher  

Anita McConnell

Barlow, William (1544–1625), Church of England clergyman and natural philosopher, was one of two sons and five daughters born to William Barlow (d. 1568), then bishop of St David's, and his wife, Agatha Wellesbourne (d. 1593), a former nun. His father's elder brother ...

Article

Barrow, Isaac (1630–1677), mathematician and theologian  

Mordechai Feingold

Barrow, Isaac (1630–1677), mathematician and theologian, was born in London in October 1630, the son of Thomas Barrow, from a Cambridgeshire family, and his wife, Anne Buggin. Following the death of his mother in 1634 Isaac was sent to his grandfather's house where he remained until his father, already becoming a successful linen draper, married ...

Image

Cover Barrow, Isaac (1630–1677)

Barrow, Isaac (1630–1677)  

Maker: David Loggan

In 

Isaac Barrow (1630–1677) by David Loggan, 1676 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Beale, John (bap. 1608, d. 1683), Church of England clergyman and writer on agriculture and natural philosophy  

Patrick Woodland

Beale, John (bap. 1608, d. 1683), Church of England clergyman and writer on agriculture and natural philosophy, was baptized at Yarkhill, Herefordshire, on 17 April 1608, the sixth and youngest son of Thomas Beale (1575–1620), a lawyer and prominent gentleman farmer, and his wife, ...

Article

Beckett, Edmund [formerly Edmund Beckett Denison], first Baron Grimthorpe (1816–1905), ecclesiastical controversialist, architect, and horologist  

L. C. Sanders

revised by Catherine Pease-Watkin

Beckett, Edmund [formerly Edmund Beckett Denison], first Baron Grimthorpe (1816–1905), ecclesiastical controversialist, architect, and horologist, was born at Carlton Hall, near Newark, on 12 May 1816, the eldest son of Sir Edmund Beckett, fourth baronet (1787–1874), later MP for the West Riding...

Image

Cover Beckett, Edmund, first Baron Grimthorpe (1816–1905)
Edmund Beckett, first Baron Grimthorpe (1816–1905) by unknown photographer by courtesy of the British Horological Institute Limited; original on display at the Upton Hall Time Museum, Upton, Newark, Nottinghamshire; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bennet, Abraham (bap. 1749, d. 1799), Church of England clergyman and natural philosopher  

Simon Schaffer

Bennet, Abraham (bap. 1749, d. 1799), Church of England clergyman and natural philosopher, was baptized in Taxal, Cheshire, on 20 December 1749, the son of Abraham Bennet, schoolmaster, of Whaley Lane, Cheshire, and his wife, Ann Fallowes of Cheadle. He appears to have been the eldest child, with at least one brother, ...

Article

Bentham, Edward (1707–1776), Church of England clergyman and natural philosopher  

Nigel Aston

Bentham, Edward (1707–1776), Church of England clergyman and natural philosopher, fifth son of the Revd Samuel Bentham (c.1681–1733), a minor canon of Ely, and his wife, Philippa Willen (c.1681–1747), was born in the college at Ely on 23 July 1707, and baptized in the cathedral on 21 August 1707. After singing as a chorister at ...

Article

Berkeley, Miles Joseph (1803–1889), Church of England clergyman and naturalist  

James H. Price

Berkeley, Miles Joseph (1803–1889), Church of England clergyman and naturalist, was born at Biggin Hall, near Oundle, Northamptonshire, on 1 April 1803, the second son of Charles Berkeley of Biggin Hall and his wife, Charlotte, daughter of James Munn of Blackheath and sister of the watercolour artist ...

Article

Berthon, Edward Lyon (1813–1899), inventor of nautical aids and Church of England clergyman  

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Berthon, Edward Lyon (1813–1899), inventor of nautical aids and Church of England clergyman, was born in Finsbury Square, London, on 20 February 1813, the tenth child of Peter Berthon (1772–1850), an army contractor, and his wife, Ellen Green Parke (1777–1854...

Article

Bingley, William (1774–1823), naturalist and Church of England clergyman  

W. P. Courtney

revised by P. E. Kell

Bingley, William (1774–1823), naturalist and Church of England clergyman, was born at Doncaster, Yorkshire, early in January 1774 and baptized there on 7 January 1774, the son of William Bingley (1737/8–1786), a saddler, and his wife, Elizabeth Hawksworth (bap. 1746...

Article

Blomfild [Blomefield], William (fl. 1529–1574), alchemist and priest  

Lawrence M. Principe

Blomfild [Blomefield], William (fl. 1529–1574), alchemist and priest, was born in Bury St Edmunds. He was a Benedictine monk and priest at Bury in his youth. In 1529 he was questioned at London regarding certain protestant tenets (which he abjured) although he seems later in life to have gravitated towards Calvinism. In 1543, at which time he was living in ...

Image

Cover Britten, James (1846–1924)

Britten, James (1846–1924)  

Maker: Maull & Fox

In 

James Britten (1846–1924) by Maull & Fox, 1906 by permission of the Linnean Society of London