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Allen, (Reginald) Clifford, Baron Allen of Hurtwood (1889–1939), politician and peace campaigner  

David Howell

Allen, (Reginald) Clifford, Baron Allen of Hurtwood (1889–1939), politician and peace campaigner, was born at St Olave's, Slow Park, Newport, Monmouthshire, on 9 May 1889. As an adult he was always known as Clifford Allen, or by close friends as CA. He had a brother, ...

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Cover Allen, (Reginald) Clifford, Baron Allen of Hurtwood (1889–1939)

Allen, (Reginald) Clifford, Baron Allen of Hurtwood (1889–1939)  

Maker: Elliott & Fry

In 

(Reginald) Clifford Allen, Baron Allen of Hurtwood (1889–1939) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Anstey, Francis George [Frank] (1865–1940), politician and author  

Peter Love

Anstey, Francis George [Frank] (1865–1940), politician and author, was born on 18 August 1865 in York Road Hospital, Lambeth, London, the only son of the recently deceased Samuel Anstey (1837/8–1865), master shoemaker, and his wife, Caroline Martha (1840?–1922), daughter of Francis Gamble, distillery foreman. ...

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Cover Barker, Joseph (1806–1875)

Barker, Joseph (1806–1875)  

Maker: John Cochran

Joseph Barker (1806–1875) by John Cochran, pubd 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Barker, Joseph (1806–1875), Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist  

Eileen Groth Lyon

Barker, Joseph (1806–1875), Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist, was born on 11 May 1806 at Bramley, near Leeds. His ancestors, originally of Keighley, had been settled in this area for several generations as farmers and manufacturers. The identity of his parents has not been discovered, though it is known that his father was employed in woollen manufacture and served for some time in the militia, and that ...

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Bonner, Hypatia Bradlaugh (1858–1935), freethinker and radical  

Edward Royle

Bonner, Hypatia Bradlaugh (1858–1935), freethinker and radical, was born in London on 30 March 1858 at 3 Hedger's Terrace, Hackney, the second child of Charles Bradlaugh (1833–1891), politician and freethinker, and Susannah Lamb Hooper (d. 1877). Her elder sister, Alice Bradlaugh (...

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See Bonner, Hypatia Bradlaugh

Article

Burrows, Herbert (1845–1922), socialist organizer  

Mark Bevir

Burrows, Herbert (1845–1922), socialist organizer, was born on 12 June 1845 in Redgrave, Suffolk, the son of Amos Burrows, tailor and Chartist leader, and his wife, Ann, formerly Thompson, a dressmaker. He educated himself using Cassell's shilling handbooks, and became a pupil teacher at the age of thirteen. He then became an ...

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Cooper, William (1822–1868), promoter of the co-operative movement  

Martin Purvis

Cooper, William (1822–1868), promoter of the co-operative movement, was born in Rochdale, the son of James Cooper, a weaver, and his wife, Susan (née Taylor); he was probably the eldest of six children. Cooper had little formal education, but was drawn to discussion of political and economic issues. Influenced by the work of ...

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See Rochdale Pioneers

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Cover Engels, Friedrich (1820–1895)

Engels, Friedrich (1820–1895)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Friedrich Engels (1820–1895) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Engels, Friedrich [Frederick] (1820–1895), businessman and revolutionary leader  

Gareth Stedman Jones

Engels, Friedrich [Frederick] (1820–1895), businessman and revolutionary leader, was born on 28 November 1820 in Barmen, Westphalia, the son of Friedrich Engels (1796–1860), a textile manufacturer, and Elizabeth, née van Haar (1797–1873), the daughter of a schoolmaster of Dutch origin. Frederick (as he came to be known in ...

Article

Frazer, Sir James George (1854–1941), social anthropologist and classical scholar  

Robert Ackerman

Frazer, Sir James George (1854–1941), social anthropologist and classical scholar, was born in Blythswood Square, Glasgow, on 1 January 1854, the eldest of the four children of Daniel F. Frazer (1821–1900), leading partner in the long-established firm of chemists Frazer and Green, and his wife, ...

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Cover Frazer, Sir James George (1854–1941)

Frazer, Sir James George (1854–1941)  

Maker: Lafayette

In 

Sir James George Frazer (1854–1941) by Lafayette, 1926 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Gould, Frederick James (1855–1938), educationist and secularist author  

Robert Nicholas Bérard

Gould, Frederick James (1855–1938), educationist and secularist author, was born on 19 December 1855 at 17 Portland Street, Brighton, the last of the three children of William James Gould, a jeweller and part-time opera singer, and his wife, Julia, née Wilson, a dressmaker....

Article

Laing, Samuel (1812–1897), politician, author, and railway executive  

Thomas Seccombe

revised by Philip S. Bagwell

Laing, Samuel (1812–1897), politician, author, and railway executive, was born in Edinburgh on 12 December 1812. He was the son of Samuel Laing (1780–1868), author of Tours in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, who was younger brother of Malcolm Laing, the historian of Scotland...

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Cover Laing, Samuel (1812–1897)

Laing, Samuel (1812–1897)  

Maker: W. & D. Downey

In 

Samuel Laing (1812–1897) by W. & D. Downey © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Law [née Frost], Harriet (1831–1897), secularist  

H. C. G. Matthew

Law [née Frost], Harriet (1831–1897), secularist, was born in Ongar, Essex, on 5 November 1831, the seventh of eleven children (six daughters and five sons) of Henry Frost (1794–1881), variously a farmer, victualler, butcher, and milk dealer, and his wife, ...

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Lowerison, Bellerby [Harry] (1863–1935), socialist and schoolmaster  

Kevin Manton

Lowerison, Bellerby [Harry] (1863–1935), socialist and schoolmaster, was born on 13 July 1863 in Great Lumley, co. Durham, son of George Lowerson, a coalminer, and his wife, Dorothy Richardson. Very little is known about his early life and some basic facts are unclear. The family's name on his birth certificate is ...

Article

Miller, Florence Fenwick (1854–1935), journalist and public lecturer  

Rosemary T. Van Arsdel

Miller, Florence Fenwick (1854–1935), journalist and public lecturer, was born on 5 November 1854 in London, the eldest in the family of two sons and one daughter of Captain John Miller (1817–1895), a sea captain in the merchant marine, and his wife, Eleanor, formerly Estabrook (1823–1890)...