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Cousins, James Henry Sproull (1873–1956), writer and educationist  

Catherine Candy

Cousins, James Henry Sproull (1873–1956), writer and educationist, was born on 22 July 1873 at 29 Cavour Street, Belfast, the son of James Cousins (d. 1920), a sailor, and his wife, Susan Davis (d. 1915). His parents were both Wesleyan Methodists; his father retired from a sailing career to work for the ...


Cover Huxley, Aldous Leonard (1894–1963)

Huxley, Aldous Leonard (1894–1963)  

Maker: Man Ray


Aldous Leonard Huxley (1894–1963) by Man Ray, 1934 © Man Ray Trust / ADAGP, Paris, and DACS, London 2010; collection National Portrait Gallery, London


Huxley, Aldous Leonard (1894–1963), writer  

David King Dunaway

Huxley, Aldous Leonard (1894–1963), writer, was born at Laleham, a house near Godalming, Surrey, on 26 July 1894, the third son of Leonard Huxley (1860–1933), an assistant master at Charterhouse School and subsequently editor of the Cornhill Magazine, and his first wife, Julia Frances Huxley (...


Krishnamurti, Jiddu (1895–1986), religious teacher  

Mary Lutyens

Krishnamurti, Jiddu (1895–1986), religious teacher, was born on 11 May 1895 at Madanapalle, between Madras and Bangalore, the eighth son of Narianiah, a Telugu-speaking Brahman employed by the British as a rent-collector, and his wife and cousin, Jiddu Sanjeevama (d. 1905). When compulsorily retired, ...


Roy, Manabendra Nath (1887–1954), international communist leader and ideologist  

David Taylor

Roy, Manabendra Nath (1887–1954), international communist leader and ideologist, was born Narendra Nath Bhattacharya on 21 March 1887, according to family tradition, in Arbalia village, near Calcutta, the fourth child of Dinabandhu Bhattacharya, a village teacher. He was educated locally but, like many Bengali young men of the period, he held as his major concern the anti-colonial struggle, and from 1905 he became deeply involved with the revolutionary groups that had sprung up at that time. In 1915 he left ...