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Maker: George Frederic Watts

Charles Booth (1840–1916) by George Frederic Watts, c. 1901 © National Portrait Gallery, London


Booth, Charles (1840–1916), shipowner and social investigator, was born on 30 March 1840 at 27 Bedford North Street, Liverpool. He was the third son of Charles Booth (1799–1860), a prosperous corn merchant, and his first wife, Emily Fletcher (1803–1853). Both his parents were Unitarians, and had wide connections among the commercial, dissenting, and philanthropic ‘aristocracy’ of ...


Gray, Benjamin Kirkman (1862–1907), historian of philanthropy and social policy, was born on 11 August 1862 at Blandford, Dorset, the eldest son of Benjamin Gray (d. 1905), Congregational minister, and his wife, Emma Jane (d. 1904), daughter of George Buchanan Kirkman...