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Cover Barker, Joseph (1806–1875)

Barker, Joseph (1806–1875)  

Maker: John Cochran

Joseph Barker (1806–1875) by John Cochran, pubd 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barker, Joseph (1806–1875), Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist  

Eileen Groth Lyon

Barker, Joseph (1806–1875), Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist, was born on 11 May 1806 at Bramley, near Leeds. His ancestors, originally of Keighley, had been settled in this area for several generations as farmers and manufacturers. The identity of his parents has not been discovered, though it is known that his father was employed in woollen manufacture and served for some time in the militia, and that ...

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Cover Booth, Charles (1840–1916)

Booth, Charles (1840–1916)  

Maker: George Frederic Watts

Charles Booth (1840–1916) by George Frederic Watts, c. 1901 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Booth, Charles (1840–1916), shipowner and social investigator  

Jose Harris

Booth, Charles (1840–1916), shipowner and social investigator, was born on 30 March 1840 at 27 Bedford North Street, Liverpool. He was the third son of Charles Booth (1799–1860), a prosperous corn merchant, and his first wife, Emily Fletcher (1803–1853). Both his parents were Unitarians, and had wide connections among the commercial, dissenting, and philanthropic ‘aristocracy’ of ...

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Bray, Charles (1811–1884), freethinker and social reformer  

Matthew Lee

Bray, Charles (1811–1884), freethinker and social reformer, was born on 31 January 1811 in Coventry, Warwickshire, where he was baptized at St Michael’s on 22 February 1811, the son of Jonathan Bray (1775/6–1835), a wealthy ribbon manufacturer, and his first wife, Elizabeth. Ill as a child, ...

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Burrows, Herbert (1845–1922), socialist organizer  

Mark Bevir

Burrows, Herbert (1845–1922), socialist organizer, was born on 12 June 1845 in Redgrave, Suffolk, the son of Amos Burrows, tailor and Chartist leader, and his wife, Ann, formerly Thompson, a dressmaker. He educated himself using Cassell's shilling handbooks, and became a pupil teacher at the age of thirteen. He then became an ...

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Cannon, George [pseud. Erasmus Perkins] (1789–1854), freethinker and publisher  

Iain McCalman

Cannon, George [pseud. Erasmus Perkins] (1789–1854), freethinker and publisher, was born in London. His parents and early education remain unknown, but he later hinted at a dissenting background, and he was well versed in French as well as philosophy, theology, and literature. Between 1812 and 1815 he became a solicitor at ...

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Case, Janet Elizabeth (1863–1937), classics teacher and journalist  

Kate Perry

Case, Janet Elizabeth (1863–1937), classics teacher and journalist, was born on 28 July 1863 at 117 Adelaide Road, Hampstead, London, the youngest of the six daughters of William Arthur Case (1818–1872), schoolmaster and fellow of University College, London, and his wife, Sarah Wolridge Stansfeld...

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Cover Clodd, Edward (1840–1930)

Clodd, Edward (1840–1930)  

Maker: Emil Otto Hoppé

In 

Edward Clodd (1840–1930) by Emil Otto Hoppé, c. 1909 by permission of the E. O. Hoppé Trust, Curatorial Assistance, Inc., Los Angeles; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Clodd, Edward (1840–1930), banker and popular anthropologist  

E. S. P. Haynes

revised by J. F. M. Clark

Clodd, Edward (1840–1930), banker and popular anthropologist, was born at Queen Street, Margate, Kent, on 1 July 1840, the eldest child of Edward Clodd and his wife, Susan Parker. Of his six brothers and sisters four died in infancy and two did not survive childhood. His father was a ...

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Clough, Arthur Hugh (1819–1861), poet  

Anthony Kenny

Clough, Arthur Hugh (1819–1861), poet, was born on 1 January 1819 at 5 Rodney Street, Liverpool, the second son of James Butler Clough (1784–1844), a Liverpool cotton merchant of Welsh extraction, and Anne Perfect (d. 1860), the daughter of a Yorkshire banker. In December 1822 the ...

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Cover Clough, Arthur Hugh (1819–1861)

Clough, Arthur Hugh (1819–1861)  

Maker: Samuel Rowse

In 

Arthur Hugh Clough (1819–1861) by Samuel Rowse, 1860 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cover Coleridge, Samuel Taylor (1772–1834)

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor (1772–1834)  

Maker: Peter Vandyke

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772–1834) by Peter Vandyke, 1795 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor (1772–1834), poet, critic, and philosopher  

John Beer

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor (1772–1834), poet, critic, and philosopher, was born on 21 October 1772 at Ottery St Mary, Devon, and baptized there on 30 December, the youngest of ten children born to John Coleridge (bap. 1719, d. 1781), vicar of the town and master of the grammar school, and his second wife, ...

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Collet, Collet Dobson (1812–1898), radical and tax reformer  

Miles Taylor

Collet, Collet Dobson (1812–1898), radical and tax reformer, was born on 31 December 1812 in London. He was the eldest son of John Dobson (1778–1827), a London merchant, and his wife (and first cousin), Elizabeth Barker (1787–1875). Collet assumed the name of his maternal grandparents, as did his sister, ...

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Cover Collet, Collet Dobson (1812–1898)

Collet, Collet Dobson (1812–1898)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Collet Dobson Collet (1812–1898) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Conway, Moncure Daniel (1832–1907), social reformer and ethical preacher  

John d'Entremont

Conway, Moncure Daniel (1832–1907), social reformer and ethical preacher, was born on 17 March 1832 at Middleton plantation, Stafford county, Virginia, the second of the six children of Walker Peyton Conway (1805–1884), a slave-owning planter, attorney, and judge, and his wife, Margaret (1807–1891)...

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Cover Conway, Moncure Daniel (1832–1907)

Conway, Moncure Daniel (1832–1907)  

Maker: Debenham & Gabell

In 

Moncure Daniel Conway (1832–1907) by Debenham & Gabell © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Davies, David Richard (1889–1958), writer, political agitator, and minister of religion  

Matthew Grimley

Davies, David Richard (1889–1958), writer, political agitator, and minister of religion, was born at Pontycymer, Glamorgan, on 19 February 1889, the son of Richard Davies and his wife, Hannah. He was the youngest of four children. His father had been a miner, but had broken his back in a colliery accident before ...

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Foote, George William (1850–1915), radical journalist and secularist  

Edward Royle

Foote, George William (1850–1915), radical journalist and secularist, was born at 2 How Street Cottages, Plymouth, on 11 January 1850, the son of William Thomas Foot, customs officer, who died when he was about four. He was brought up an Anglican by his mother, ...