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Blount, Thomas (1605/6–1678), landowner and local politician  

Anita McConnell and Tim Wales

Blount, Thomas (1605/6–1678), landowner and local politician, was the second son of the six sons and two daughters born to Edward Blount (1559–1618), lawyer and landowner, and his second wife, Fortune, daughter of the London merchant Sir William Garway (Garraway). The Blount family held the manor and ...

Article

Campbell, Archibald, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), magnate  

Jane E. A. Dawson

Campbell, Archibald, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), magnate, was the eldest son of Colin Campbell, third earl of Argyll (d. 1529), and Lady Janet Gordon, daughter of the third earl of Huntly. He was known as Archibald Roy Oig because he was redheaded and to distinguish him from the older ...

Article

Campbell, Colin, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), magnate  

Jane E. A. Dawson

Campbell, Colin, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), magnate, was the second son of Archibald Campbell, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), and his second wife, Lady Margaret Graham (d. in or before 1545), daughter of the third earl of Menteith. Following Gaelic tradition he was probably fostered with his maternal kin, thereby acquiring the name ...

Article

Clarke, Edward (d. 1630), courtier and diplomat  

Sean Kelsey

Clarke, Edward (d. 1630), courtier and diplomat, appears in the state papers as Ned; his family origins and details of his early life are unknown. His career at court appears to have begun in the post of groom in the bedchamber of James VI and I...

Article

Craufurd, Patrick [Peter], of Auchenames (c. 1704–1778), politician and landowner  

Andrew M. Lang

Craufurd, Patrick [Peter], of Auchenames (c. 1704–1778), politician and landowner, was the first surviving son of Patrick Craufurd (d. 1733), a wealthy Edinburgh merchant, and his second wife, Jean (d. 1740), daughter of Archibald Craufurd of Auchenames and Crosbie. The younger ...

Article

Cunningham, William, third earl of Glencairn (d. 1548), magnate  

Margaret H. B. Sanderson

Cunningham, William, third earl of Glencairn (d. 1548), magnate, was the only son of Cuthbert Cunningham, third Lord Kilmaurs and second earl of Glencairn (c. 1470–1540/41) [see under Cunningham family], and his wife, Marion Douglas (d. in or after 1511)...

Article

Douglas, Archibald, eighth earl of Angus and fifth earl of Morton (c. 1555–1588), magnate  

G. R. Hewitt

Douglas, Archibald, eighth earl of Angus and fifth earl of Morton (c. 1555–1588), magnate, was the only son of David Douglas, seventh earl of Angus (c.1515–1557), and Margaret Hamilton, daughter of John Hamilton of Samuelston, a natural son of James Hamilton, ...

Article

Douglas, William, ninth earl of Angus (1532/3–1591), magnate  

G. R. Hewitt

Douglas, William, ninth earl of Angus (1532/3–1591), magnate, was the son of Archibald Douglas of Glenbervie and Agnes Keith, daughter of William, second Earl Marischal. In 1552 he married Egidia, daughter of Robert Graham of Morphie; they had thirteen children—nine sons and four daughters. His paternal grandfather having been a son of ...

Article

Erskine, John, eighteenth or second earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634), courtier and politician  

Julian Goodare

Erskine, John, eighteenth or second earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634), courtier and politician, was the eldest son of John Erskine, seventeenth or first earl of Mar (d. 1572), and his wife, Annabella Murray (d. 1603). His extensive estates were mainly in Stirlingshire...

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Cover Erskine, John, eighteenth or second earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634)

Erskine, John, eighteenth or second earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634)  

Maker: Adam de Colone

In 

John Erskine, eighteenth or second earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634) attrib. Adam de Colone, 1626 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Foulis, Sir David, first baronet (d. 1642), court official and politician  

Fiona Pogson

Foulis, Sir David, first baronet (d. 1642), court official and politician, was the son of Henry Foulis (d. 1571) of Colinton, an advocate, and Margaret Haldane (fl. 1545–1560). Between 1594 and 1602 he was sent by James VI to London six times, primarily to secure payment of the king's English pension but also, in 1601, to offer assistance against the Irish rebels. In October 1598 he was appointed keeper of the king's secret papers. He accompanied ...

Article

Gordon, Charles (d. 1702)  

See Gordon, Charles, first earl of Aboyne

Article

Gordon, George, fifth earl of Huntly (d. 1576), magnate  

Allan White

Gordon, George, fifth earl of Huntly (d. 1576), magnate, was the second, but eldest surviving, son and heir of George Gordon, fourth earl of Huntly (1513–1562), and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Keith. Perhaps because he was a younger son little is known of his early life before 18 January 1554, when he was contracted to marry ...

Image

Cover Hepburn, James, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/5–1578)

Hepburn, James, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/5–1578)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

James Hepburn, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/55–1578) by unknown artist, 1566 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Hepburn, James, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/5–1578), magnate and third consort of Mary, queen of Scots  

Rosalind K. Marshall

Hepburn, James, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/5–1578), magnate and third consort of Mary, queen of Scots, was the only son of Patrick Hepburn, third earl of Bothwell (d. 1556), and his wife, Agnes Sinclair (d. in or after 1572)...

Article

Hervart, Esther d' [married name Esther de la Tour du Pin, marquise de Gouvernet in the French nobility; known as Madame de Gouvernet] (c. 1636–1722), noblewoman and refugee  

Vivienne Larminie

Hervart, Esther d' [married name Esther de la Tour du Pin, marquise de Gouvernet in the French nobility; known as Madame de Gouvernet] (c. 1636–1722), noblewoman and refugee, was the only daughter among the three surviving children of Barthélemy d'Hervart (1607–1676) and his wife, ...

Article

Keith, William, third Earl Marischal (c. 1510–1581), magnate  

Michael Wasser

Keith, William, third Earl Marischal (c. 1510–1581), magnate, was the eldest son of Robert, master of Marischal (d. 1524/5), and his wife, Elizabeth (or Beatrice) Douglas (d. after 1527), daughter of John, second earl of Morton. He was still a minor when he succeeded to the title on the death of his grandfather between 24 November 1526 and 2 May 1527. He was identified as the fourth earl until 1927, when the sequence was revised by ...

Article

Kennedy, Gilbert, third earl of Cassillis (c. 1517–1558), magnate  

Marcus Merriman

Kennedy, Gilbert, third earl of Cassillis (c. 1517–1558), magnate, was the eldest son of Gilbert Kennedy, second earl of Cassillis (c. 1492–1527), and his wife, Isobella Campbell (b. c.1495, d. in or after 1533). Quintin Kennedy, who became abbot of Crossraguel...

Article

Ker, Sir Thomas, of Ferniehirst (d. 1586), border chieftain and administrator  

Maureen M. Meikle

Ker, Sir Thomas, of Ferniehirst (d. 1586), border chieftain and administrator, was the second son of Sir John Ker (d. 1562), laird of Ferniehirst, and his wife, Katherine Ker of Cessford. Thomas inherited the Ferniehirst estates on his father's death in 1562 and married ...

Article

Killigrew, Sir William (d. 1622), courtier  

See Killigrew, Sir Robert