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Campbell, Archibald, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), magnate  

Jane E. A. Dawson

Campbell, Archibald, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), magnate, was the eldest son of Colin Campbell, third earl of Argyll (d. 1529), and Lady Janet Gordon, daughter of the third earl of Huntly. He was known as Archibald Roy Oig because he was redheaded and to distinguish him from the older ...

Article

Campbell, Colin, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), magnate  

Jane E. A. Dawson

Campbell, Colin, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), magnate, was the second son of Archibald Campbell, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), and his second wife, Lady Margaret Graham (d. in or before 1545), daughter of the third earl of Menteith. Following Gaelic tradition he was probably fostered with his maternal kin, thereby acquiring the name ...

Article

Cunningham, William, third earl of Glencairn (d. 1548), magnate  

Margaret H. B. Sanderson

Cunningham, William, third earl of Glencairn (d. 1548), magnate, was the only son of Cuthbert Cunningham, third Lord Kilmaurs and second earl of Glencairn (c. 1470–1540/41) [see under Cunningham family], and his wife, Marion Douglas (d. in or after 1511)...

Article

Douglas, Archibald, eighth earl of Angus and fifth earl of Morton (c. 1555–1588), magnate  

G. R. Hewitt

Douglas, Archibald, eighth earl of Angus and fifth earl of Morton (c. 1555–1588), magnate, was the only son of David Douglas, seventh earl of Angus (c.1515–1557), and Margaret Hamilton, daughter of John Hamilton of Samuelston, a natural son of James Hamilton, ...

Article

Douglas, William, ninth earl of Angus (1532/3–1591), magnate  

G. R. Hewitt

Douglas, William, ninth earl of Angus (1532/3–1591), magnate, was the son of Archibald Douglas of Glenbervie and Agnes Keith, daughter of William, second Earl Marischal. In 1552 he married Egidia, daughter of Robert Graham of Morphie; they had thirteen children—nine sons and four daughters. His paternal grandfather having been a son of ...

Article

Gordon, George, fifth earl of Huntly (d. 1576), magnate  

Allan White

Gordon, George, fifth earl of Huntly (d. 1576), magnate, was the second, but eldest surviving, son and heir of George Gordon, fourth earl of Huntly (1513–1562), and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Keith. Perhaps because he was a younger son little is known of his early life before 18 January 1554, when he was contracted to marry ...

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Cover Hepburn, James, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/5–1578)

Hepburn, James, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/5–1578)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

James Hepburn, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/55–1578) by unknown artist, 1566 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Hepburn, James, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/5–1578), magnate and third consort of Mary, queen of Scots  

Rosalind K. Marshall

Hepburn, James, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/5–1578), magnate and third consort of Mary, queen of Scots, was the only son of Patrick Hepburn, third earl of Bothwell (d. 1556), and his wife, Agnes Sinclair (d. in or after 1572)...

Article

Keith, William, third Earl Marischal (c. 1510–1581), magnate  

Michael Wasser

Keith, William, third Earl Marischal (c. 1510–1581), magnate, was the eldest son of Robert, master of Marischal (d. 1524/5), and his wife, Elizabeth (or Beatrice) Douglas (d. after 1527), daughter of John, second earl of Morton. He was still a minor when he succeeded to the title on the death of his grandfather between 24 November 1526 and 2 May 1527. He was identified as the fourth earl until 1927, when the sequence was revised by ...

Article

Kennedy, Gilbert, third earl of Cassillis (c. 1517–1558), magnate  

Marcus Merriman

Kennedy, Gilbert, third earl of Cassillis (c. 1517–1558), magnate, was the eldest son of Gilbert Kennedy, second earl of Cassillis (c. 1492–1527), and his wife, Isobella Campbell (b. c.1495, d. in or after 1533). Quintin Kennedy, who became abbot of Crossraguel...

Article

Ruthven, John, third earl of Gowrie (1577/8–1600), magnate and alleged conspirator  

Amy L. Juhala

Ruthven, John, third earl of Gowrie (1577/8–1600), magnate and alleged conspirator, was born in 1577 or 1578 in Perth, the second son of William Ruthven, first earl of Gowrie (c. 1543–1584), and his wife, Dorothea Stewart. He succeeded to the earldom in 1588 on the death of his older brother, ...

Article

Stewart, Matthew, thirteenth or fourth earl of Lennox (1516–1571), magnate and regent of Scotland  

Marcus Merriman

Stewart, Matthew, thirteenth or fourth earl of Lennox (1516–1571), magnate and regent of Scotland, was born in Dumbarton Castle on 21 September 1516, the eldest surviving son of John Stewart, twelfth or third earl of Lennox (d. 1526), and his wife, Elizabeth (...

Image

Cover Stewart, Matthew, thirteenth or fourth earl of Lennox (1516–1571)

Stewart, Matthew, thirteenth or fourth earl of Lennox (1516–1571)  

Maker: Livinus de Vogelaare

In 

Matthew Stewart, thirteenth or fourth earl of Lennox (1516–1571) by Livinus de Vogelaare, 1567–8 [kneeling, third from right, in The Memorial of Lord Darnley] The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

Article

Stuart [Stewart], Esmé, first duke of Lennox (c. 1542–1583), courtier and magnate  

Rosalind K. Marshall

Stuart [Stewart], Esmé, first duke of Lennox (c. 1542–1583), courtier and magnate, was born in France, the only child of John Stewart or Stuart (d. 1567), fifth seigneur d'Aubigny, and his wife, Anne de La Queulle (d. 1579), fourth daughter and coheir of ...

Article

Vere, John de, sixteenth earl of Oxford (1516–1562), magnate and rake  

Jonathan Hughes

Vere, John de, sixteenth earl of Oxford (1516–1562), magnate and rake, was the eldest of four sons (there were also four daughters) of John de Vere fifteenth earl of Oxford (1482–1540), and his second wife, Elizabeth Trussell (b. 1496, d...