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Awolowo, Obafemi (1909–1987), politician in Nigeria  

J. D. Y. Peel

Awolowo, Obafemi (1909–1987), politician in Nigeria, was born on 6 March 1909 at Ikenne, a small town about 40 miles from Lagos, in Ijebu Remo division, the son of David Sopolu Awolowo (d. 1920) and his wife, Mary Sofowora Efunyela. The Ijebu are a subgroup of the ...

Article

Barlow, Joel (1754–1812), poet and diplomatist  

Michael T. Davis

Barlow, Joel (1754–1812), poet and diplomatist, was born on 24 March 1754 at Redding, Connecticut, the fourth child of Samuel Barlow, farmer, and his second wife, Esther Hull. For several generations the Barlow family maintained a reputation as respectable farmers in America, and ...

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Cover Blackwood, Lady Caroline Maureen Hamilton-Temple- (1931–1996)

Blackwood, Lady Caroline Maureen Hamilton-Temple- (1931–1996)  

Maker: Lucian Freud

In 

Lady Caroline Maureen Hamilton-Temple- Blackwood (1931–1996) by Lucian Freud, 1954 © Lucian Freud; Arts Council Collection, Hayward Gallery, London; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Blackwood, Lady Caroline Maureen Hamilton-Temple- [known as Caroline Blackwood] (1931–1996), novelist  

Richard Davenport-Hines

Blackwood, Lady Caroline Maureen Hamilton-Temple- [known as Caroline Blackwood] (1931–1996), novelist, was born on 16 July 1931, at 4 Hans Crescent, Knightsbridge, London, the eldest of three children of Basil Sheridan Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, fourth marquess of Dufferin and Ava (1909–1945), and his wife, ...

Article

Delius, Frederick Theodor Albert (1862–1934), composer  

Diana McVeagh

Delius, Frederick Theodor Albert (1862–1934), composer, was born on 29 January 1862 at Claremont, Horton Lane, Bradford, Yorkshire, the grandson of Ernst Friedrich Delius (1790–1831) and the fourth of the fourteen children of Julius Delius (1822–1901) and his wife, Elise Pauline Krönig (1838–1929)...

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Cover Delius, Frederick Theodor Albert (1862–1934)

Delius, Frederick Theodor Albert (1862–1934)  

Maker: Ernest Procter

In 

Frederick Theodor Albert Delius (1862–1934) by Ernest Procter, 1929 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cover Despard, Edward Marcus (1751–1803)

Despard, Edward Marcus (1751–1803)  

Maker: John Chapman

In 

Edward Marcus Despard (1751–1803) by John Chapman, pubd 1804 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Despard, Edward Marcus (1751–1803), army officer and revolutionary  

Malcolm Chase

Despard, Edward Marcus (1751–1803), army officer and revolutionary, was born into a military family in Queen's county, Ireland, on 6 March 1751; the youngest of six sons of William Despard and his wife, Jane. John Despard (1743/4–1829) was his brother. He joined the army as an ensign in 1766 and was promoted lieutenant in 1772, while stationed in ...

Article

Eysenck, Hans Jurgen (1916–1997), psychologist  

Graham Richards

Eysenck, Hans Jurgen (1916–1997), psychologist, only child of Anton Eduard Eysenck (b. 1889) of Borgisch-Gladebach in Germany and Ruth, née Werner, of Königshütte in Silesia, was born in Berlin on 4 March 1916 and reared by his Roman Catholic maternal grandmother, A. Werner...

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Cover Eysenck, Hans Jurgen (1916–1997)

Eysenck, Hans Jurgen (1916–1997)  

Maker: Anne-Katrin Purkiss

In 

Hans Jurgen Eysenck (1916–1997) by Anne-Katrin Purkiss, 1991 [right, with his son, Michael William Eysenck] © Anne-Katrin Purkiss; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Faris, Ahmad [Aḣmad Fāris; formerly Faris ibn Yusuf al-Shidyaq] (1805/6–1887), author and translator  

G. J. Roper

Faris, Ahmad [Aḣmad Fāris; formerly Faris ibn Yusuf al-Shidyaq] (1805/6–1887), author and translator, was born in al-Hadath, Lebanon, the youngest of five sons of Abu Husayn Yusuf ibn Mansur al-Shidyaq (1762–1821), secretary and tutor of Lebanese chieftains, and his wife, the daughter of ...

Article

Gibson, George (1885–1953), trade unionist and mental health worker  

Mark Roodhouse

Gibson, George (1885–1953), trade unionist and mental health worker, was born at 98 Cumberland Street, Glasgow, on 3 April 1885, the third son and seventh of the eleven children of Johnston Robertson Gibson (b. 1847), outdoor labourer, oil merchant, and tobacconist, and his wife, ...

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Cover Gibson, George (1885–1953)

Gibson, George (1885–1953)  

Maker: Bassano

In 

George Gibson (1885–1953) by Bassano © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Hamilton, Eugene Jacob Lee- (1845–1907), poet and novelist  

Elizabeth Lee

revised by Catherine Maxwell

Hamilton, Eugene Jacob Lee- (1845–1907), poet and novelist, was born in London on 6 January 1845, the son of Captain James Lee-Hamilton (d. 1852) and his wife, Matilda Abadam (1815–1896), the daughter of Edward Hamlin Adams. As a child Eugene lived with his widowed mother and her brother ...

Article

Johnson, Richard (1753–1807), East India Company servant and collector of oriental art and manuscripts  

P. J. Marshall

Johnson, Richard (1753–1807), East India Company servant and collector of oriental art and manuscripts, was born on 16 November 1753, the third son of Alexander Johnson MD (bap. 1716, d. 1799), lawyer, and of his wife, Mary Pellins (b. 1720, d. in or after 1800)...

Article

Marlowe [Marley], Christopher (bap. 1564, d. 1593), playwright and poet  

Charles Nicholl

Marlowe [Marley], Christopher (bap. 1564, d. 1593), playwright and poet, was baptized at St George's, Canterbury, on 26 February 1564, the second of the nine children of John Marlowe (c.1536–1605), shoemaker, and his wife, Katherine (d. 1605), daughter of William Arthur...

Article

Meysenbug, Baroness Malwida Rivalier von (1816–1903), writer and exile  

Rosemary Ashton

Meysenbug, Baroness Malwida Rivalier von (1816–1903), writer and exile, was born Malwida Rivalier in Kassel, the capital of Hesse, on 28 October 1816, the daughter of Carl Philipp Rivalier (1779–1847), a courtier of Elector Wilhelm I of Hesse, created Baron von Meysenbug by ...

Article

Montez, Lola [real name Elizabeth Rosanna Gilbert] (1821–1861), adventuress  

Bruce Seymour

Montez, Lola [real name Elizabeth Rosanna Gilbert] (1821–1861), adventuress, was born on 17 February 1821 at Grange, co. Sligo, Ireland, the only child of Edward Gilbert (c.1797–1823), an ensign of the 25th foot regiment, and his wife, Eliza Oliver (...

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Cover Montez, Lola (1821–1861)

Montez, Lola (1821–1861)  

Maker: Albert Sands Southworth and Josiah Johnson Hawes

Lola Montez (1821–1861) by Albert Sands Southworth and Josiah Johnson Hawes, c. 1850 The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of I. N. Phelps Stokes, Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes, 1937. (37.14.41) All rights reserved, The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Article

Mwanga, Basamula Danieri (c. 1866–1903), king of Buganda  

John A. Rowe

Mwanga, Basamula Danieri (c. 1866–1903), king of Buganda, born in the royal capital at Nakawa, Kyadondo, Buganda, was the son of King Mutesa I (c.1838–1884) and Bagalayaza Abisagi of the otter clan, one of his many wives. Shortly after Mutesa's death on 10 October 1884, ...