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Bax, Ernest Belfort (1854–1926), Marxist theoretician and activist  

Stanley Pierson

Bax, Ernest Belfort (1854–1926), Marxist theoretician and activist, was born at his parents' home, 27 Clarendon Square, Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, on 23 July 1854, the last of four children of Daniel Bax (d. 1882), a manufacturer, and his wife, Eleanor, daughter of ...

Article

Bonwick, Theodora Ellen (1876–1928), educationist and women's rights activist  

Hilda Kean

Bonwick, Theodora Ellen (1876–1928), educationist and women's rights activist, was born on 27 December 1876 at 60 Coningham Road, Shepherd's Bush, London, the daughter of William Priessnitz Bonwick, a schoolteacher, and his wife, Sarah, formerly Beddow, an executive member of the Women's Liberal Federation...

Article

Bradley, Katharine Harris [pseud. Michael Field] (1846–1914), poet  

Virginia H. Blain

Bradley, Katharine Harris [pseud. Michael Field] (1846–1914), poet, collaborated with her niece Edith Emma Cooper [pseud. Michael Field] (1862–1913) to publish verse under the pseudonym Michael Field. The aunt was born in Birmingham on 27 October 1846, the daughter of ...

Article

Davies, Rhys [Rees Vivian] (1901–1978), novelist and short-story writer  

Meic Stephens

Davies, Rhys [Rees Vivian] (1901–1978), novelist and short-story writer, was born on 9 November 1901 at 6 Clydach Road, Blaenclydach, a village in a tributary valley of the Rhondda, near Tonypandy in Glamorgan. The district was dominated by the presence of two large collieries which were to become the focus of industrial strife during the ...

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Cover Davies, Rhys (1901–1978)

Davies, Rhys (1901–1978)  

Maker: Howard Coster

In 

Rhys Davies (1901–1978) by Howard Coster, 1940 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Gast, John (c. 1772–1837), trade unionist and radical  

Iorwerth Prothero

Gast, John (c. 1772–1837), trade unionist and radical, was born in Bristol, the son of Robert Gast, a seller of milk. He had at least two brothers, and at some time married Elizabeth, who outlived him, but nothing else is known of his family. Soon after finishing his apprenticeship he left ...

Article

Gutteridge, Joseph (1816–1899), silk weaver and naturalist  

V. E. Chancellor

Gutteridge, Joseph (1816–1899), silk weaver and naturalist, was born on 23 March 1816 in Coventry, the eldest of the three sons of Joseph Gutteridge, a recruiting sergeant, and his first wife, Sarah Shaw. Educated from 1821 in two schools, run by a Quaker woman and Wesleyan preacher respectively, he then went to ...

Article

Haigh, Emily Alice [pseud. Beatrice Hastings] (1879–1943), writer and journal editor  

Caroline Zilboorg

Haigh, Emily Alice [pseud. Beatrice Hastings] (1879–1943), writer and journal editor, was born at 115 King Edward Road, South Hackney, London, on 26 January 1879, the daughter of John Walter Haigh, wool dealer, and his wife, Catherine Jane, née Doorly. She was brought up in ...

Article

Hampden, John (bap. 1653, d. 1696), politician and conspirator  

Richard L. Greaves

Hampden, John (bap. 1653, d. 1696), politician and conspirator, was baptized on 21 March 1653 at St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, the second son of Richard Hampden (bap. 1631, d. 1695) MP and his wife, Letitia Paget, daughter of William Paget, sixth Baron Paget, and his wife, ...

Article

Holyoake, Austin (1826–1874), freethought printer and publisher  

Edward Royle

Holyoake, Austin (1826–1874), freethought printer and publisher, was born on 27 October 1826 in Birmingham into an artisan household, the seventh child and fifth son of George Holyoake (1790–1853), a printer, and Catherine Groves (1792–1867), a horn-button maker. Influenced by his older brother ...

Article

Holyoake, George Jacob (1817–1906), freethinker and co-operator  

Edward Royle

Holyoake, George Jacob (1817–1906), freethinker and co-operator, was born at 1 Inge Street, Birmingham, on 13 April 1817, the second of thirteen children and eldest son of George Holyoake (1790–1853), a printer, and Catherine Groves (1792–1867), a horn-button maker. He received a basic education at a dame-school and ...

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Cover Holyoake, George Jacob (1817–1906)

Holyoake, George Jacob (1817–1906)  

Maker: Walter Sickert

In 

George Jacob Holyoake (1817–1906) by Walter Sickert, exh. New English Art Club 1892 © Estate of Walter Sickert / National Portrait Gallery, London

Image

Cover Hone, William (1780–1842)

Hone, William (1780–1842)  

Maker: William Patten

In 

William Hone (1780–1842) by William Patten, in or before 1818 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Hone, William (1780–1842), political writer and publisher  

Philip W. Martin

Hone, William (1780–1842), political writer and publisher, was born on 3 June 1780 at Bath, the first child of William Hone (1755–1831) and his wife, Frances Maria Stawell (d. 1833).

Article

Lethaby, William Richard (1857–1931), educationist and architect  

Fiona MacCarthy

Lethaby, William Richard (1857–1931), educationist and architect, was born at Grosvenor Street, Barnstaple, on 18 January 1857, the only son and youngest of two children of Richard Pyle Lethaby (d. c.1904), of Barnstaple, and his wife, Mary Rowe Crago (d...

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Cover Lethaby, William Richard (1857–1931)

Lethaby, William Richard (1857–1931)  

Maker: unknown photographer

William Richard Lethaby (1857–1931) by unknown photographer RIBA Library Photographs Collection

Article

Satow, Sir Ernest Mason (1843–1929), diplomat and scholar  

N. J. Brailey

Satow, Sir Ernest Mason (1843–1929), diplomat and scholar, was born on 30 June 1843 at 10 Buccleuch Terrace, Upper Clapton, Hackney. He was the third son and eighth child of (Hans) David Christophe Satow (1801–1874), merchant, of Wismar (in Mecklenburg) and Riga...

Article

Snell, Henry, Baron Snell (1865–1944), politician and secularist  

David Howell

Snell, Henry, Baron Snell (1865–1944), politician and secularist, was born on 1 April 1865 at Sutton-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, the son of Mary Snell, formerly Clark. His father's name was not registered; he was brought up by his mother and stepfather. His education at the village school was sporadic and rudimentary, and from the age of eight he was a cattle minder and bird scarer. By his tenth birthday he was working a twelve-hour day as a farm labourer. When aged twelve he was engaged at ...

Article

West, (Arthur) Graeme (1891–1917), army officer and poet  

Dominic Hibberd

West, (Arthur) Graeme (1891–1917), army officer and poet, the eldest of four children, was born at Christchurch Road, Eaton, Norwich, Norfolk, on 23 September 1891. His father, Arthur Birt West (1859–1948), son of a nonconformist minister and sternly evangelical, had been an engineer and a missionary before deciding to live off private means and work for a charity; he married ...

Article

Wheeler, Sir Charles Thomas (1892–1974), sculptor  

Sarah Crellin

Wheeler, Sir Charles Thomas (1892–1974), sculptor, was born on 14 March 1892, in Church Lane, Codsall, Staffordshire, the second son of the five sons and one daughter born to Samuel Phipps Wheeler (b. c.1860), a freelance journalist who ran a small company, and his wife, ...