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Blount, Thomas (1605/6–1678), landowner and local politician  

Anita McConnell and Tim Wales

Blount, Thomas (1605/6–1678), landowner and local politician, was the second son of the six sons and two daughters born to Edward Blount (1559–1618), lawyer and landowner, and his second wife, Fortune, daughter of the London merchant Sir William Garway (Garraway). The Blount family held the manor and ...

Article

Boleyn, George, Viscount Rochford (c. 1504–1536), courtier and diplomat  

Joseph S. Block

Boleyn, George, Viscount Rochford (c. 1504–1536), courtier and diplomat, was the only son of Thomas Boleyn, earl of Wiltshire (1476/7–1539), and Elizabeth Howard (d. 1538), eldest daughter of Thomas Howard, earl of Surrey and later second duke of Norfolk (1443–1524). He first appears in the public record participating in the Christmas revels of 1514, and he signalled his father's success when he became a royal page in 1516. His earliest recorded grants resulted from his father's service to the crown and his sister ...

Article

Bourchier, Henry, second earl of Essex (1472–1540), magnate  

S. J. Gunn

Bourchier, Henry, second earl of Essex (1472–1540), magnate, was the son of Sir William Bourchier (d. 1483) and his wife, Anne (d. 1489), daughter of Richard Woodville (Wydeville), Earl Rivers. His father's death made Henry heir to his grandfather, Henry Bourchier, first ...

Article

Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545), magnate, courtier, and soldier  

S. J. Gunn

Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545), magnate, courtier, and soldier, was the second but only surviving son of Sir William Brandon (d. 1485) and his wife, Elizabeth Bruyn (d. 1494) of South Ockendon. The manner of Sir William's death, killed at ...

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Cover Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545)

Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Charles Brandon, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545) by unknown artist, c. 1540–45 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Brereton, William (c. 1487x90–1536), courtier and administrator  

E. W. Ives

Brereton, William (c. 1487x90–1536), courtier and administrator, was the sixth of the nine sons of Sir Randolph Brereton (d. 1530) of Malpas, chamberlain of the county palatine of Cheshire, and Eleanor, daughter of Piers Dutton of Halton. Sir Randolph's family must be distinguished from that of his distant relative ...

Article

Campbell, Archibald, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), magnate  

Jane E. A. Dawson

Campbell, Archibald, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), magnate, was the eldest son of Colin Campbell, third earl of Argyll (d. 1529), and Lady Janet Gordon, daughter of the third earl of Huntly. He was known as Archibald Roy Oig because he was redheaded and to distinguish him from the older ...

Article

Campbell, Colin, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), magnate  

Jane E. A. Dawson

Campbell, Colin, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), magnate, was the second son of Archibald Campbell, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), and his second wife, Lady Margaret Graham (d. in or before 1545), daughter of the third earl of Menteith. Following Gaelic tradition he was probably fostered with his maternal kin, thereby acquiring the name ...

Article

Carew, Sir Nicholas (b. in or before 1496, d. 1539), diplomat and courtier  

Stanford Lehmberg

Carew, Sir Nicholas (b. in or before 1496, d. 1539), diplomat and courtier, was the eldest son of Sir Richard Carew (d. 1520) of Beddington, Surrey, and Maline, daughter of Robert Oxenbridge (d. 1488) of Ford Place in Brede, Sussex. The main line of his ancient family had settled at ...

Image

Cover Carew, Sir Nicholas (b. in or before 1496, d. 1539)

Carew, Sir Nicholas (b. in or before 1496, d. 1539)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Sir Nicholas Carew (b. in or before 1496, d. 1539) by unknown artist in the collection of the Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry KT

Article

Clarke, Edward (d. 1630), courtier and diplomat  

Sean Kelsey

Clarke, Edward (d. 1630), courtier and diplomat, appears in the state papers as Ned; his family origins and details of his early life are unknown. His career at court appears to have begun in the post of groom in the bedchamber of James VI and I...

Article

Clifford, Henry, first earl of Cumberland (c. 1493–1542), magnate  

R. W. Hoyle

Clifford, Henry, first earl of Cumberland (c. 1493–1542), magnate, was the elder son of Henry Clifford, tenth Baron Clifford (1454–1523), magnate, and his first wife, Anne (d. 1508), daughter of Sir John St John of Bletsoe, Bedfordshire, and his wife, Alice. He had a brother, ...

Article

Craufurd, Patrick [Peter], of Auchenames (c. 1704–1778), politician and landowner  

Andrew M. Lang

Craufurd, Patrick [Peter], of Auchenames (c. 1704–1778), politician and landowner, was the first surviving son of Patrick Craufurd (d. 1733), a wealthy Edinburgh merchant, and his second wife, Jean (d. 1740), daughter of Archibald Craufurd of Auchenames and Crosbie. The younger ...

Article

Cromwell, Thomas, earl of Essex (b. in or before 1485, d. 1540), royal minister  

Howard Leithead

Cromwell, Thomas, earl of Essex (b. in or before 1485, d. 1540), royal minister, was the son of Walter Cromwell of Putney, Surrey, who made his name there as a blacksmith, fuller, and cloth merchant, as well as the owner of both a hostelry and a brewery. All that is known of his mother is that she was the aunt of ...

Image

Cover Cromwell, Thomas, earl of Essex (b. in or before 1485, d. 1540)

Cromwell, Thomas, earl of Essex (b. in or before 1485, d. 1540)  

Maker: Hans Holbein the younger

In 

Thomas Cromwell, earl of Essex (b. in or before 1485, d. 1540) Hans Holbein the younger, c. 1533–4 © The Frick Collection, New York

Article

Cunningham, William, third earl of Glencairn (d. 1548), magnate  

Margaret H. B. Sanderson

Cunningham, William, third earl of Glencairn (d. 1548), magnate, was the only son of Cuthbert Cunningham, third Lord Kilmaurs and second earl of Glencairn (c. 1470–1540/41) [see under Cunningham family], and his wife, Marion Douglas (d. in or after 1511)...

Article

Darcy, Thomas, first Baron Darcy of Chiche (1506–1558), courtier and administrator  

David Loades

Darcy, Thomas, first Baron Darcy of Chiche (1506–1558), courtier and administrator, was born on 4 December 1506, the only son of Roger Darcy (d. 1508) of Danbury, Essex, and Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Henry Wentworth of Nettlestead, Suffolk. His father, who had been an esquire of the body to ...

Article

Devereux, Walter, first Viscount Hereford (c. 1489–1558), administrator and nobleman  

Howell A. Lloyd

Devereux, Walter, first Viscount Hereford (c. 1489–1558), administrator and nobleman, was the son and heir of John Devereux, second Baron Ferrers of Chartley (c.1463/4–1501), and his wife, Cecily (d. 1493), heir of the houses of Bourchier and de Bohun and niece of ...

Article

Douglas, Archibald, eighth earl of Angus and fifth earl of Morton (c. 1555–1588), magnate  

G. R. Hewitt

Douglas, Archibald, eighth earl of Angus and fifth earl of Morton (c. 1555–1588), magnate, was the only son of David Douglas, seventh earl of Angus (c.1515–1557), and Margaret Hamilton, daughter of John Hamilton of Samuelston, a natural son of James Hamilton, ...

Article

Douglas, William, ninth earl of Angus (1532/3–1591), magnate  

G. R. Hewitt

Douglas, William, ninth earl of Angus (1532/3–1591), magnate, was the son of Archibald Douglas of Glenbervie and Agnes Keith, daughter of William, second Earl Marischal. In 1552 he married Egidia, daughter of Robert Graham of Morphie; they had thirteen children—nine sons and four daughters. His paternal grandfather having been a son of ...