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Adams, Thomas (1631/2–1670), ejected minister and writer on Christian doctrine  

Caroline L. Leachman

Adams, Thomas (1631/2–1670), ejected minister and writer on Christian doctrine, was born at Woodchurch parsonage, Cheshire, one of at least three sons of Charles Adams and his wife, Isabel Bennet 'the daughter of a worthy gentleman'—Thomas Bennet, from the same parish (...

Article

Alleine, Joseph (bap. 1634, d. 1668), ejected minister and devotional writer  

Brian W. Kirk

Alleine, Joseph (bap. 1634, d. 1668), ejected minister and devotional writer, was born in a house next to the Poultry Market, Devizes, Wiltshire, and baptized on 8 April 1634, at St John's Church, there, the fourth child of Tobias Alleine (d. 1667)...

Article

Arrowsmith, John (1602–1659), college head and theologian  

John Twigg

Arrowsmith, John (1602–1659), college head and theologian, was born on 29 March 1602 in Gateshead; nothing is known of his parents or early life. He entered St John's College, Cambridge, in 1616 and graduated BA in 1620. He proceeded MA in 1623, and in the same year became a fellow of ...

Article

Badcock, Samuel (1747–1788), theologian and writer on literature  

W. P. Courtney

revised by Antonia Forster

Badcock, Samuel (1747–1788), theologian and writer on literature, was born at South Molton, Devon, on 23 February 1747, the son of a butcher. His mother's maiden name was Plake. His parents were dissenters and he was educated at a dissenting academy at Ottery St Mary...

Article

Ball, Thomas (1590–1659), hagiographer and Church of England clergyman  

J. Fielding

Ball, Thomas (1590–1659), hagiographer and Church of England clergyman, was born at Alberbury, Shropshire, of unknown parents. In 1613 he was appointed usher of a Mr Puller's school at Epping, Essex, and it was his employer's letter of recommendation which introduced him to ...

Article

Barret, John (1631–1713), Presbyterian minister and religious writer  

Kenneth G. C. Newport

Barret, John (1631–1713), Presbyterian minister and religious writer, was admitted to Clare College, Cambridge, on 20 June 1646 and graduated BA in 1650. He was ordained at Wymeswold, Leicestershire, by the Wirksworth classis on 19 October 1652. Admitted as rector of St Peter's Church, Nottingham...

Article

Bastwick, John (1595?–1654), religious controversialist and pamphleteer  

Frances Condick

Bastwick, John (1595?–1654), religious controversialist and pamphleteer, was born probably in Writtle, near Chelmsford, Essex, fourth child and only son of John Bastwick (c.1540–1596), yeoman, and his second wife, Sara Lovet (c.1570–1625). His father seems to have been the first ...

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Cover Bastwick, John (1595?–1654)

Bastwick, John (1595?–1654)  

Maker: Wenceslaus Hollar

In 

John Bastwick (1595?–1654) by Wenceslaus Hollar, 1640s © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Baxter, Richard (1615–1691), ejected minister and religious writer  

N. H. Keeble

Baxter, Richard (1615–1691), ejected minister and religious writer, was born in the village of Rowton, Shropshire, on 12 November 1615, the son of Richard Baxter (d. 1663) of Eaton Constantine, Shropshire, and his wife, Beatrice Adeney (d. 1635). He was baptized in the parish church at ...

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Cover Baxter, Richard (1615–1691)

Baxter, Richard (1615–1691)  

Maker: John Riley

In 

Richard Baxter (1615–1691) attrib. John Riley by permission of Dr Williams's Library

Article

Beaulieu, Luke de (1644/5–1723), Church of England clergyman and religious writer  

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Emma Major

Beaulieu, Luke de (1644/5–1723), Church of England clergyman and religious writer, was a native of France, and was educated at the University of Saumur. Obliged to leave his country on account of his religion he sought refuge in England about 1667 and was naturalized English in June 1682. He rapidly gained a reputation as a cleric, and in November 1670 he received the vicarage of ...

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Cover Bernard, Richard (bap. 1568, d. 1642)

Bernard, Richard (bap. 1568, d. 1642)  

Maker: Wenceslaus Hollar

In 

Richard Bernard (bap. 1568, d. 1642) by Wenceslaus Hollar, pubd 1644 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bernard, Richard (bap. 1568, d. 1642), Church of England clergyman and religious writer  

Richard L. Greaves

Bernard, Richard (bap. 1568, d. 1642), Church of England clergyman and religious writer, was baptized on 30 April 1568 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, the son of John Bernard (d. 1592) and his third wife, Anne Wright. Encouraged by Isabel and Frances Wray, two daughters of ...

Article

Best, Paul (1590–1657), scholar and religious writer  

Stephen D. Snobelen

Best, Paul (1590–1657), scholar and religious writer, was born in 1590 (before 12 August) probably at Hutton Cranswick, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, the first of the six children of James Best (d. 1617), yeoman farmer, and his first wife, Dorothy (...

Article

Biddle, John (1615/16–1662), schoolmaster and religious controversialist  

Stephen D. Snobelen

Biddle, John (1615/16–1662), schoolmaster and religious controversialist, was baptized on 14 January 1616 at Wotton under Edge, Gloucestershire, the first of two sons of Edward Biddle (d. 1625), tailor, and his wife, Jane Hopkins.

Biddle's scholarly prowess was recognized from an early age, and his education at the free grammar school of ...

Article

Brevint, Daniel (bap. 1616, d. 1695), dean of Lincoln and theologian  

Kenneth W. Stevenson

Brevint, Daniel (bap. 1616, d. 1695), dean of Lincoln and theologian, was baptized on 11 May 1616 in the parish of St John's on the island of Jersey, the son of Daniel Brevint (1573–1651) and Elisabeth Le Sebirel (d. 1631). He was the third consecutive protestant clergyman in his family. His grandfather, ...

Article

Burn, Andrew (1742–1814), marine officer and religious writer  

Richard C. Blake

Burn, Andrew (1742–1814), marine officer and religious writer, was born in Dundee on 8 September 1742, the son of George John Burn and Christian Donie. When business failure induced his father to become a naval purser the sixteen-year-old Andrew accompanied him as an assistant clerk on active service in the ...

Article

Button, Ralph (1611/12–1680), nonconformist tutor  

J. H. Curthoys

Button, Ralph (1611/12–1680), nonconformist tutor, was born in Bishopstone, near Salisbury, Wiltshire, the son of Robert Button. He was educated at a local grammar school and then at Exeter College, Oxford, where he matriculated in December 1631, aged nineteen. Button was a favourite pupil of the rector of ...

Article

Cheynell, Francis (bap. 1608, d. 1665), ejected minister and religious controversialist  

Roger Pooley

Cheynell, Francis (bap. 1608, d. 1665), ejected minister and religious controversialist, was born in Oxford and baptized at St Mary the Virgin Church on 6 July 1608, the son of John Cheynell (1561/2–1613), physician, and his wife, Bridget (d. 1645), daughter of ...

Article

Clapham, Henoch (fl. 1585–1614), writer on theology and preacher  

Alexandra Walsham

Clapham, Henoch (fl. 1585–1614), writer on theology and preacher, appears to have been a native of the county of Lincolnshire. His parentage is unclear, though the dedications to some of his works suggest a connection with the gentry family with the same name from ...