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Bourchier, Henry, second earl of Essex (1472–1540), magnate  

S. J. Gunn

Bourchier, Henry, second earl of Essex (1472–1540), magnate, was the son of Sir William Bourchier (d. 1483) and his wife, Anne (d. 1489), daughter of Richard Woodville (Wydeville), Earl Rivers. His father's death made Henry heir to his grandfather, Henry Bourchier, first ...

Article

Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545), magnate, courtier, and soldier  

S. J. Gunn

Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545), magnate, courtier, and soldier, was the second but only surviving son of Sir William Brandon (d. 1485) and his wife, Elizabeth Bruyn (d. 1494) of South Ockendon. The manner of Sir William's death, killed at ...

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Cover Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545)

Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Charles Brandon, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545) by unknown artist, c. 1540–45 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Campbell, Archibald, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), magnate  

Jane E. A. Dawson

Campbell, Archibald, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), magnate, was the eldest son of Colin Campbell, third earl of Argyll (d. 1529), and Lady Janet Gordon, daughter of the third earl of Huntly. He was known as Archibald Roy Oig because he was redheaded and to distinguish him from the older ...

Article

Campbell, Colin, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), magnate  

Jane E. A. Dawson

Campbell, Colin, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), magnate, was the second son of Archibald Campbell, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), and his second wife, Lady Margaret Graham (d. in or before 1545), daughter of the third earl of Menteith. Following Gaelic tradition he was probably fostered with his maternal kin, thereby acquiring the name ...

Article

Clifford, Henry, first earl of Cumberland (c. 1493–1542), magnate  

R. W. Hoyle

Clifford, Henry, first earl of Cumberland (c. 1493–1542), magnate, was the elder son of Henry Clifford, tenth Baron Clifford (1454–1523), magnate, and his first wife, Anne (d. 1508), daughter of Sir John St John of Bletsoe, Bedfordshire, and his wife, Alice. He had a brother, ...

Article

Cunningham, William, third earl of Glencairn (d. 1548), magnate  

Margaret H. B. Sanderson

Cunningham, William, third earl of Glencairn (d. 1548), magnate, was the only son of Cuthbert Cunningham, third Lord Kilmaurs and second earl of Glencairn (c. 1470–1540/41) [see under Cunningham family], and his wife, Marion Douglas (d. in or after 1511)...

Article

Douglas, Archibald, eighth earl of Angus and fifth earl of Morton (c. 1555–1588), magnate  

G. R. Hewitt

Douglas, Archibald, eighth earl of Angus and fifth earl of Morton (c. 1555–1588), magnate, was the only son of David Douglas, seventh earl of Angus (c.1515–1557), and Margaret Hamilton, daughter of John Hamilton of Samuelston, a natural son of James Hamilton, ...

Article

Douglas, William, ninth earl of Angus (1532/3–1591), magnate  

G. R. Hewitt

Douglas, William, ninth earl of Angus (1532/3–1591), magnate, was the son of Archibald Douglas of Glenbervie and Agnes Keith, daughter of William, second Earl Marischal. In 1552 he married Egidia, daughter of Robert Graham of Morphie; they had thirteen children—nine sons and four daughters. His paternal grandfather having been a son of ...

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Cover Dudley, Robert, earl of Leicester (1532/3–1588)

Dudley, Robert, earl of Leicester (1532/3–1588)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester (1532/33–1588) by unknown artist, c. 1575 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Dudley, Robert, earl of Leicester (1532/3–1588), courtier and magnate  

Simon Adams

Dudley, Robert, earl of Leicester (1532/3–1588), courtier and magnate, was born on 24 June 1532 or 1533, the fifth son of John Dudley, duke of Northumberland (1504–1553), royal minister, and his wife, Jane Dudley (1508/9–1555) [see under Dudley, John, duke of Northumberland (1504–1553)...

Article

Gordon, George, fifth earl of Huntly (d. 1576), magnate  

Allan White

Gordon, George, fifth earl of Huntly (d. 1576), magnate, was the second, but eldest surviving, son and heir of George Gordon, fourth earl of Huntly (1513–1562), and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Keith. Perhaps because he was a younger son little is known of his early life before 18 January 1554, when he was contracted to marry ...

Article

Grey, Henry, duke of Suffolk (1517–1554), magnate  

Robert C. Braddock

Grey, Henry, duke of Suffolk (1517–1554), magnate, was born on 17 January 1517, at Bradgate, Leicestershire, the eldest son of Thomas Grey, second marquess of Dorset, and his second wife, Margaret, daughter of Sir Robert Wotton and widow of William Medley.

Aged thirteen when his father died in 1530, ...

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Cover Hastings, George, first earl of Huntingdon (1486/7–1544)

Hastings, George, first earl of Huntingdon (1486/7–1544)  

Maker: Ambrosius Benson

In 

George Hastings, first earl of Huntingdon (1486/77–1544) by Ambrosius Benson © Royal Museums of Fine Arts, Brussels, Belgium

Article

Hastings, George, first earl of Huntingdon (1486/7–1544), magnate  

Claire Cross

Hastings, George, first earl of Huntingdon (1486/7–1544), magnate, was the son of Edward, second Baron Hastings (c.1465–1506), and Mary, Baroness Hungerford (d. c.1530), granddaughter of Robert, third Baron Hungerford. Born four years after the execution of his grandfather, William, ...

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Cover Hepburn, James, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/5–1578)

Hepburn, James, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/5–1578)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

James Hepburn, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/55–1578) by unknown artist, 1566 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Hepburn, James, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/5–1578), magnate and third consort of Mary, queen of Scots  

Rosalind K. Marshall

Hepburn, James, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/5–1578), magnate and third consort of Mary, queen of Scots, was the only son of Patrick Hepburn, third earl of Bothwell (d. 1556), and his wife, Agnes Sinclair (d. in or after 1572)...

Article

Keith, William, third Earl Marischal (c. 1510–1581), magnate  

Michael Wasser

Keith, William, third Earl Marischal (c. 1510–1581), magnate, was the eldest son of Robert, master of Marischal (d. 1524/5), and his wife, Elizabeth (or Beatrice) Douglas (d. after 1527), daughter of John, second earl of Morton. He was still a minor when he succeeded to the title on the death of his grandfather between 24 November 1526 and 2 May 1527. He was identified as the fourth earl until 1927, when the sequence was revised by ...

Article

Kennedy, Gilbert, third earl of Cassillis (c. 1517–1558), magnate  

Marcus Merriman

Kennedy, Gilbert, third earl of Cassillis (c. 1517–1558), magnate, was the eldest son of Gilbert Kennedy, second earl of Cassillis (c. 1492–1527), and his wife, Isobella Campbell (b. c.1495, d. in or after 1533). Quintin Kennedy, who became abbot of Crossraguel...

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Neville, Ralph, fourth earl of Westmorland (1498–1549), magnate  

Keith Dockray

Neville, Ralph, fourth earl of Westmorland (1498–1549), magnate, was the second son of Ralph, Baron Neville (who died soon after his birth), and Edith (d. 1529), daughter of Sir William Sandys of the Vyne. Born on 21 February 1498, he succeeded to the ...