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Campbell, Archibald, fifth earl of Argyll (1538–1573), magnate and protestant reformer  

Jane E. A. Dawson

Campbell, Archibald, fifth earl of Argyll (1538–1573), magnate and protestant reformer, was the eldest son of Archibald Campbell, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), and his first wife, Lady Helen Hamilton (d. in or before 1541), daughter of the first earl of Arran...

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Cover Charles I (1600–1649)

Charles I (1600–1649)  

Maker: Sir Anthony Van Dyck

In 

Charles I (1600–1649) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, 1635 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

Article

Charles I (1600–1649), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland  

Mark A. Kishlansky and John Morrill

Charles I (1600–1649), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was born in Dunfermline Castle, Scotland, on 19 November 1600 and baptized at the palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, on 23 December. He was the third child of James VI of Scotland (subsequently James I...

Article

Clappertoun, George (d. 1574), Roman Catholic priest and royal official  

Nicola Royan

Clappertoun, George (d. 1574), Roman Catholic priest and royal official, first appears in the records as a witness in 1531 at Stirling (Thomson, 3.1029), and was appointed to the parish of Duchale in Moray in 1532. Prior to that point, there is no trace. His parents and family are unknown, and he does not appear in any of the Scottish university records. In fact, he appears only as ...

Article

Erskine, John, of Dun (1509–1590), landowner and religious activist  

D. F. Wright

Erskine, John, of Dun (1509–1590), landowner and religious activist, was born in the House of Dun, between Montrose and Brechin, the elder son of John Erskine of Dun (d. 1513), and of Margaret Ruthven (d. 1548), widow of Alexander Stewart, first earl of Buchan...

Article

Gordon, William, of Earlston (1614–1679), landowner and covenanter  

Vaughan T. Wells

Gordon, William, of Earlston (1614–1679), landowner and covenanter, born in Dalry, Kirkcudbrightshire, was the second son of Alexander Gordon of Earlston (1587–1654), justice of the peace, and Elizabeth (d. in or after 1653), daughter of John Gordon of Pennynghame. Little is known regarding his education, though he is said to have studied for the ministry and to have graduated MA. On 26 October 1648 he married ...

Article

Occom, Samson (1723–1792), leader of the Mohegan Indians and Presbyterian clergyman  

Bernd C. Peyer

Occom, Samson (1723–1792), leader of the Mohegan Indians and Presbyterian clergyman, was born in a Mohegan village near New London, Connecticut, in 1723, the son of Joshua Ockham and Sarah Samson, both Mohegans. At seventeen he was converted to Christianity by James Davenport...

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Cover Occom, Samson (1723–1792)

Occom, Samson (1723–1792)  

Maker: Jonathan Spilsbury

In 

Samson Occom (1723–1792) by Jonathan Spilsbury, pubd 1768 (after Mason Chamberlin) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Sempill, Sir James (1566?–1626), courtier and religious controversialist  

Stephen Wright

Sempill, Sir James (1566?–1626), courtier and religious controversialist, was the eldest son of John Sempill (d. 1579) and his wife, Mary Livingston [see under Queen's Maries (1548–1567)], daughter of Alexander, fifth Lord Livingstone, and grandson of Robert Sempill, third Lord Sempill...

Article

Stewart, Robert, earl of Lennox and earl of March (1522/3–1586), bishop-elect of Caithness and magnate  

Duncan Shaw

Stewart, Robert, earl of Lennox and earl of March (1522/3–1586), bishop-elect of Caithness and magnate, was the second son of John Stewart, twelfth or third earl of Lennox (d. 1526), and his wife, Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of the first earl of Atholl. In 1548 he was a student at ...

Article

Warr, Charles Laing (1892–1969), Church of Scotland minister and royal chaplain  

Ronald Selby Wright

revised

Warr, Charles Laing (1892–1969), Church of Scotland minister and royal chaplain, was born at the manse, Rosneath, Dunbartonshire, on 20 May 1892, the younger son of the minister, the Revd Alfred Warr, himself a distinguished minister of the Church of Scotland, and his wife, ...

Article

Wishart, Sir John, of Pittarow (d. 1585), landowner and religious activist  

Sharon Adams

Wishart, Sir John, of Pittarow (d. 1585), landowner and religious activist, was the eldest son of James Wishart of Cairnbeg and succeeded his uncle, John Wishart, in the lands and barony of Pittarow, Kincardineshire, about 1525. In the mid-1530s he belonged to the connection of ...