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Andrews, Michael James (1928–1995), artist  

William Feaver

Andrews, Michael James (1928–1995), artist, was born on 30 October 1928 at 142 Glebe Road, Norwich, the second child of Thomas Victor Andrews, an insurance clerk, and his wife, Gertrude Emma, née Green. Reared a Methodist and readied by his parents for a job for life in the ...

Article

Banting, Sir Frederick Grant (1891–1941), physician and medical researcher  

Michael Bliss

Banting, Sir Frederick Grant (1891–1941), physician and medical researcher, was born near the town of Alliston, Ontario, Canada, on 14 November 1891, the fourth son and fifth and youngest child of William Thompson Banting (1849–1929), a farmer of Irish descent, and his wife, ...

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Cover Barker, Joseph (1806–1875)

Barker, Joseph (1806–1875)  

Maker: John Cochran

Joseph Barker (1806–1875) by John Cochran, pubd 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Barker, Joseph (1806–1875), Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist  

Eileen Groth Lyon

Barker, Joseph (1806–1875), Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist, was born on 11 May 1806 at Bramley, near Leeds. His ancestors, originally of Keighley, had been settled in this area for several generations as farmers and manufacturers. The identity of his parents has not been discovered, though it is known that his father was employed in woollen manufacture and served for some time in the militia, and that ...

Article

Bibby, Joseph (1851–1940), animal feed and soap manufacturer  

T. A. B. Corley

Bibby, Joseph (1851–1940), animal feed and soap manufacturer, was born on 12 January 1851 at Conder Mill, Vale of Conder, Lancashire, the second of the three sons of James Bibby, farmer and miller, and his wife, Amelia Barnett. He attended an elementary school until 1861 and the ...

Article

Bray, Charles (1811–1884), freethinker and social reformer  

Matthew Lee

Bray, Charles (1811–1884), freethinker and social reformer, was born on 31 January 1811 in Coventry, Warwickshire, where he was baptized at St Michael’s on 22 February 1811, the son of Jonathan Bray (1775/6–1835), a wealthy ribbon manufacturer, and his first wife, Elizabeth. Ill as a child, ...

Article

Coates, Wells Wintemute (1895–1958), architect and industrial designer  

Fiona MacCarthy

Coates, Wells Wintemute (1895–1958), architect and industrial designer, was born on 17 December 1895 in Tokyo, Japan, the eldest of the six children of the Revd Dr Harper Havelock Coates (1865–1934), Canadian-born Methodist medical missionary and professor of philosophy and comparative religion at the ...

Article

Conway, Moncure Daniel (1832–1907), social reformer and ethical preacher  

John d'Entremont

Conway, Moncure Daniel (1832–1907), social reformer and ethical preacher, was born on 17 March 1832 at Middleton plantation, Stafford county, Virginia, the second of the six children of Walker Peyton Conway (1805–1884), a slave-owning planter, attorney, and judge, and his wife, Margaret (1807–1891)...

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Cover Conway, Moncure Daniel (1832–1907)

Conway, Moncure Daniel (1832–1907)  

Maker: Debenham & Gabell

In 

Moncure Daniel Conway (1832–1907) by Debenham & Gabell © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Cooper, Thomas (1805–1892), Chartist and religious lecturer  

Stephen Roberts

Cooper, Thomas (1805–1892), Chartist and religious lecturer, was born on 20 March 1805 in Leicester, the illegitimate son of a dyer. His mother continued working as a dyer after the early death of Cooper's father, which indicates that the relationship was more than transitory. Living in ...

Article

Cousins, James Henry Sproull (1873–1956), writer and educationist  

Catherine Candy

Cousins, James Henry Sproull (1873–1956), writer and educationist, was born on 22 July 1873 at 29 Cavour Street, Belfast, the son of James Cousins (d. 1920), a sailor, and his wife, Susan Davis (d. 1915). His parents were both Wesleyan Methodists; his father retired from a sailing career to work for the ...

Article

Crozier, William Percival (1879–1944), journalist  

A. J. A. Morris

Crozier, William Percival (1879–1944), journalist, was born at Stanhope, co. Durham, on 1 August 1879, the youngest son of the Revd Richard Crozier, a Wesleyan Methodist minister, and his wife, Elizabeth Hallimond. He was educated at Manchester grammar school and at Trinity College, Oxford...

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Cover Cudlipp, Hubert Kinsman [Hugh], Baron Cudlipp (1913–1998)

Cudlipp, Hubert Kinsman [Hugh], Baron Cudlipp (1913–1998)  

Maker: Henri Cartier-Bresson

In 

Hubert Kinsman Cudlipp, Baron Cudlipp (1913–1998) by Henri Cartier-Bresson, 1961 © Henri Cartier-Bresson / Magnum Photos; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Cudlipp, Hubert Kinsman [Hugh], Baron Cudlipp (1913–1998), journalist and publishing executive  

Anthony Howard

revised

Cudlipp, Hubert Kinsman [Hugh], Baron Cudlipp (1913–1998), journalist and publishing executive, was born at 118 Lisvane Street, Cardiff, on 28 August 1913, the youngest son in the family of three sons and one daughter of William Christopher Cudlipp, commercial traveller for a provision merchant, and his wife, ...

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Cover Elmy, Elizabeth Clarke Wolstenholme (1833–1918)

Elmy, Elizabeth Clarke Wolstenholme (1833–1918)  

Maker: A. & G. Taylor

In 

Elizabeth Clarke Wolstenholme Elmy (1833–1918) by A. & G. Taylor, c. 1907 Mary Evans / The Women's Library

Article

Elmy, Elizabeth Clarke Wolstenholme (1833–1918), campaigner for women's rights  

Sandra Stanley Holton

Elmy, Elizabeth Clarke Wolstenholme (1833–1918), campaigner for women's rights, was born on 30 November 1833, at Cheetham Hill, Manchester, Lancashire, daughter of Joseph Wolstenholme (1804/5–1845), a Methodist minister, and his first wife, Elizabeth Clarke (1803/4–1833), the daughter of a cotton spinner; ...

Article

Eyles [née Pitcairn; other married name Murray], (Margaret) Leonora (1889–1960), novelist and journalist  

Maroula Joannou

Eyles [née Pitcairn; other married name Murray], (Margaret) Leonora (1889–1960), novelist and journalist, was born on 1 September 1889 at 5 Eastcott Street, Swindon, the eldest of three children of Andrew Tennant Pitcairn (1861–1905) and his wife, Rosa, née Bevan (1863/4–1902). Her family were ...

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Cover Firth, Sir Raymond William (1901–2002)

Firth, Sir Raymond William (1901–2002)  

Maker: Walter Bird

In 

Sir Raymond William Firth (1901–2002) by Walter Bird, 1966 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Firth, Sir Raymond William (1901–2002), anthropologist  

John Davis

Firth, Sir Raymond William (1901–2002), anthropologist, was born on 25 March 1901 in Remuera, Auckland, New Zealand, the elder son and eldest of three children of Wesley Hugh Bourne Firth (1872/3–1977), a builder, and his wife, Marie Elizabeth Jane, née Cartmill. His sister died in infancy....

Article

Gough [married names Miller, Aberle], (Eleanor) Kathleen (1925–1990), social anthropologist and feminist  

Ronald Frankenberg

Gough [married names Miller, Aberle], (Eleanor) Kathleen (1925–1990), social anthropologist and feminist, was born on 16 August 1925 at Hunsingore, near Wetherby, Yorkshire, daughter and youngest child of Albert Gough (1888–1970) and his second wife, Eleanor, née Umpleby (1892–1965), a devout Methodist who sang and recited in local chapels. Her father became village blacksmith in 1914 and played a major role in introducing combines to ...