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Aylesbury, William (bap. 1612, d. 1656), translator and government official  

Sidney Lee

revised by Sean Kelsey

Aylesbury, William (bap. 1612, d. 1656), translator and government official, was baptized at St Margaret, Lothbury, London, on 13 July 1612, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Aylesbury, baronet (1579/80–1658), and his wife, Anne Darell, née Denman (1589–1661). On 18 July 1628 he matriculated from ...

Article

Baker, Robert (1803–1880), surgeon and factory inspector  

Margaret Pelling

revised

Baker, Robert (1803–1880), surgeon and factory inspector, was born on 15 August 1803 in York, the second son of John James Baker (1767–1840), druggist, of High Ousegate, York, and his wife, Hannah née Brogden (1773–1843). His career shows many parallels with that of the better-known ...

Article

Bambridge, Thomas (d. 1741), prison warden  

A. A. Hanham

Bambridge, Thomas (d. 1741), prison warden, became briefly notorious for the regime of extreme cruelty he inflicted upon the prisoners under his charge. The details of his parentage and childhood are unknown. He practised as a London attorney and had chambers at the ...

Article

Barker, Dame Lilian Charlotte (1874–1955), prison administrator  

Harold Scott

revised by D. Thom

Barker, Dame Lilian Charlotte (1874–1955), prison administrator, was born on 21 February 1874 in Islington, the fifth of seven children and youngest daughter of James Barker, tobacconist, and his wife, Caroline Williams. Educated at the local elementary school, she was trained at Whitelands College, Chelsea...

Article

Barrett, Edward, Lord Barrett of Newburgh (1581–1644/5), politician and government official  

Richard Wisker

Barrett, Edward, Lord Barrett of Newburgh (1581–1644/5), politician and government official, born at Aveley, Essex, on 21 June 1581, was the elder son of Charles Barrett (1555/6–1584) and Christian Mildmay (1557–1627). The main estate at Belhus in Aveley had been held by the family since 1397, but there were also considerable properties in ...

Article

Barrow, Samuel (1625?–1683), physician and lawyer of the army  

A. L. Wyman

Barrow, Samuel (1625?–1683), physician and lawyer of the army, was the eldest of the seven children of Samuel Barrow, a lawyer of Burwell, in Cambridgeshire, and his wife, Judith, daughter of George FitzGeffrey of Bedford. Although the exact date and place of his birth are not known, the ...

Article

Becher, Sir William (bap. 1580, d. 1651), diplomat and government official  

S. A. Baron

Becher, Sir William (bap. 1580, d. 1651), diplomat and government official, was the grandson of a London alderman and the eldest son of William Becher, a London merchant tailor, and Judith Quarles, daughter of another merchant tailor. He was baptized at St Lawrence Jewry, London...

Article

Bellenden, William, first Lord Bellenden of Broughton (1604/5–1671), Treasury official  

Clare Jackson

Bellenden, William, first Lord Bellenden of Broughton (1604/5–1671), Treasury official, was the only son of Sir James Bellenden of Broughton (d. 1606) and his wife, Elizabeth Ker (d. 1656). He succeeded to his father's estates in 1606. Bellenden took the royalist side during the civil wars. Seeking to procure arms, ammunition, and shipping from ...

Article

Berners, Josias (d. 1661x3), government official  

Sean Kelsey

Berners, Josias (d. 1661x3), government official, was the son of William Berners, an armigerous London silk merchant, and Katherin Tailbois. His father's family had branches in Essex and Hertfordshire. A great-grandfather was Sir Thomas Courteis, one-time lord mayor of London.

In 1620 Berners...

Article

Birtwistle, Thomas (1833–1912), trade unionist and factory inspector  

Duncan Bythell

Birtwistle, Thomas (1833–1912), trade unionist and factory inspector, was born at Great Harwood, Lancashire, on 16 October 1833, the son of Jonathan Birtwistle (bap. 1803, d. 1841), a calico printer, and his wife Ann, née Birtwistle (1806–1881), a hand-loom weaver; she was the daughter of ...

Article

Bishop, George (d. 1668), government official and religious writer  

Maryann S. Feola

Bishop, George (d. 1668), government official and religious writer, was born in Bristol, probably the son of Thomas Bishop, brewer, who became a freeman of the city in 1612. A local and London administrator as well as a New Model Army captain during the civil wars, ...

Article

Blackwell, Alexander (bap. 1709, d. 1747), agricultural improver and government agent in Sweden  

A. N. L. Grosjean

Blackwell, Alexander (bap. 1709, d. 1747), agricultural improver and government agent in Sweden, was baptized in Aberdeen on 10 October 1709. He was the son of Thomas Blackwell (1660?–1728), professor of theology and principal at Marischal College in Aberdeen, and his wife, Christian (...

Article

Blackwell, John (1624–1701), government official and colonial governor  

G. E. Aylmer

Blackwell, John (1624–1701), government official and colonial governor, was born in St Matthew's parish, London, on 8 March 1624, the eldest son and second of ten children of John Blackwell (1594/5–1658), a puritan-inclined London merchant who at one time supplied the royal household with groceries and who latterly settled in ...

Article

Blathwayt, William (bap. 1650, d. 1717), government official  

Barbara C. Murison

Blathwayt, William (bap. 1650, d. 1717), government official, was baptized on 2 March 1650 at St Botolph, Aldersgate, London. He was the only son of William Blathwayt (1594–c.1650), barrister of the Middle Temple, and Anne (b. 1618?, d. in or after 1673)...

Article

Bonnell, James (1653–1699), government official  

D. W. Hayton

Bonnell, James (1653–1699), government official, was born in Genoa on 14 November 1653, the son of Samuel Bonnell, a merchant and ardent royalist (d. 1663), and his wife, Rebecca Sayer (d. c.1691), daughter of Thomas Sayer of Norwich. John Strype...

Article

Boyle, Murrough, first Viscount Blessington (1648–1718), government official  

See Boyle, Michael

Article

Brady, John (1765/6–1814), government official and author  

Thompson Cooper

revised by Philip Carter

Brady, John (1765/6–1814), government official and author, was the son of James Brady (1740–1778), of Alverstoke, Hampshire, a lieutenant in the Royal Navy, and his wife, Ann Farrington (1743–1828). He was employed as a clerk in the victualling office...

Article

Bridgeman, William (1645/6–1699), government official  

Alan Marshall

Bridgeman, William (1645/6–1699), government official, was born in Amsterdam as the only son of Richard Bridgeman (b. 1621) of Combs Hall, Suffolk, himself the eighth son of John Bridgeman, bishop of Chester (bap. 1577, d. 1652). At the time of William's...

Article

Brise, Sir Evelyn John Ruggles- (1857–1935), prison administrator and founder of the Borstal system  

Philip Priestley

Brise, Sir Evelyn John Ruggles- (1857–1935), prison administrator and founder of the Borstal system, was born on 6 December 1857 at Spains Hall, Finchingfield, Essex, the second son of Sir Samuel Brise Ruggles-Brise (1825–1899) and his wife, Marianne Weyland, fourth daughter of Sir Edward Bowyer Smith, ...

Article

Brown, Thomas (d. 1180), officer of the exchequer  

D. J. A. Matthew

Brown, Thomas (d. 1180), officer of the exchequer, was possibly one of the Brown family, members of which had served as officials for Henry I. After that king's death, like others of his countrymen, Brown went to Norman Sicily. In two royal charters of ...