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Aspall, Geoffrey of (d. 1287), administrator and natural philosopher, took his name from Aspall in Suffolk; his father was a landowner in that county who married a member of the wealthy London family of Bukerel, and he had at least three brothers. Information concerning the dates and place of ...

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Boreham, Sir (Arthur) John (1925–1994), statistician and civil servant, was born on 30 July 1925 at Noddon, Beacon Hill, Hindhead, Surrey, the second surviving son of the Ven. Frederick Boreham (1888–1966), Church of England clergyman, and his wife, Caroline Mildred, née Slater (1890–1943)...

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Bretherton, Russell Frederick (1906–1991), civil servant and entomologist, was born on 3 February 1906 at Belgrave House, Belgrave Road, Gloucester, the only son of the marriage of Frederick Hawkins Bretherton (1852–1945), solicitor, and Gertrude, née Wing (1864–1952). He had three half-sisters and four half-brothers from his father's earlier marriage. He was a history scholar at ...

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Brundrett, Sir Frederick (1894–1974), government scientist, was born on 25 November 1894 at Sunny Bank, Ebbw Vale, Monmouthshire, the eldest in the family of seven sons and three daughters of Walter Brundrett, of Hinxhill, Kent, general secretary and accountant with the Ebbw Vale Steel, Iron, and Coal Company...

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Cawood, Sir Walter (1907–1967), chemist and civil servant, was born on 28 April 1907 in York, the son of Walter Cawood, civil servant, of New Earswick, York, and his wife, Elizabeth McSall, the daughter of a Lincolnshire farmer. He had one sister. He was educated at ...

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Cleland, James (1770–1840), statistician and civic administrator, was born in Glasgow on 28 January 1770 and spent his early career as a cabinet-maker in his father's firm. He was educated at the high school in Glasgow, and completed his training in London in the late 1780s. In 1791 he returned to ...

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Ronald M. Birse

revised by Christine Clark

Coffey, Aeneas (c. 1780–1852), exciseman and inventor of a still, was born probably in Dublin (though one source gives his birthplace as Calais), the son of Andrew Coffey, the city engineer of Dublin, who was employed in the Dublin city waterworks from 1774 to 1832. He is thought to have attended classes at ...

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Cook, Sir William Richard Joseph (1905–1987), scientist and civil servant, was born on 10 April 1905 in Trowbridge, Wiltshire, the elder son and eldest of three children of John Cook, railway inspector, and his wife, Eva Boobyer. A successful scholar at Trowbridge high school...

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Cox, Sir (Ernest) Gordon (1906–1996), crystallographer and public servant, was born on 24 April 1906 at Pretoria House, Southdown, Twerton, Somerset, the son of Ernest Henry Cox (1884–1987), railway clerk and market gardener, and his wife, Rosina, née Ring (1872–1931), the daughter of a chef, who had worked on a farm in ...

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Dainton, Frederick Sydney, Baron Dainton (1914–1997), chemist and public servant, was born on 11 November 1914 at 66 Ranby Road, Sheffield, the youngest of the four children of George Whalley Dainton (1857–1930), stonemason, and his second wife, Mary Jane (1873–1943), a domestic servant, daughter of ...

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Danvers, Frederick Charles (1833–1906), civil servant and writer on engineering, was born on 1 July 1833 in Hornsey, London, the second son of Frederick Samuel Danvers, an officer in the East India Company, and his wife, Mary Matilda, daughter of H. Middleton of ...

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Fairclough, Sir John Whitaker (1930–2003), computer engineer and public servant, was born at South View, Carlton Road, Carlton Miniott, near Thirsk, Yorkshire, on 23 August 1930, the son of Harold Whitaker Fairclough, a commercial traveller, and his wife, Elsinora, née Chappell. He was educated at ...

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Philippa Garrett Fawcett (1868–1948) by unknown photographer The Principal and Fellows, Newnham College, Cambridge

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Fawcett, Philippa Garrett (1868–1948), mathematician and civil servant, was born in London on 4 April 1868, the only daughter of Henry Fawcett (1833–1884), Liberal politician and professor of political economy at Cambridge, and his wife, Millicent Garrett Fawcett (1847–1929), leader of the women's suffragist movement. ...

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Fletcher, Joseph (1813–1852), statistician and school inspector, was the third son of George Fletcher, of Rennes, France. Little is known of his background and early life, except that he was admitted to the Middle Temple in 1838 and called to the bar on 7 May 1841. As with contemporaries such as ...

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Flux, Sir Alfred William (1867–1942), economist, statistician, and civil servant, was born in Portsmouth on 8 April 1867, the only son of John Flux, a journeyman cement maker, and his wife, Emily, daughter of Alfred Prince, dairy farmer, of Newport, Isle of Wight...

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See Freeling, Sir Francis, first baronet

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John Anthony Hardinge Giffard, third earl of Halsbury (1908–2000) by Lenare, 1955 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Giffard, John Anthony Hardinge [Tony], third earl of Halsbury (1908–2000), scientist and public servant, was born on 4 June 1908 at Ennismore Gardens, London. He was the only son and elder child of Hardinge Goulborn Giffard, second earl of Halsbury (1880–1943), barrister and recorder of ...

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Hamilton, Sir James Arnot (1923–2012), aeronautical engineer and civil servant, was born on 2 May 1923 at 18 Kirkhill Road, Penicuik, Midlothian, the son of Andrina Hamilton (d. 1995), a milliner. His mother later married Walter Hogarth, a furniture salesman. Educated at ...