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Acland [formerly Ackland], James (1799–1876), orator and political reformer  

Janette Martin

Acland [formerly Ackland], James (1799–1876), orator and political reformer, was born on 21 March 1799, in the city of London, where he was baptized at All Hallows on 21 April, the second son of Headley Ackland (or Acland) (1774–1846...

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See Poplar councillors

Article

Adler, Henrietta [Nettie] (1868–1950), social worker and Jewish political activist  

Geoffrey Alderman

Adler, Henrietta [Nettie] (1868–1950), social worker and Jewish political activist, was born in London on 1 December 1868, the elder daughter of Rabbi Dr Hermann Adler (1839–1911) and his wife, Rachel Joseph (d. 1912). Her father was the son of Dr Nathan Marcus Adler...

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Agnew, Sir Andrew, seventh baronet (1793–1849), promoter of Sabbatarian legislation  

W. G. Blaikie

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Agnew, Sir Andrew, seventh baronet (1793–1849), promoter of Sabbatarian legislation, was born at Kinsale, Ireland, on 21 March 1793, into an ancient and distinguished family in Wigtownshire. He was a posthumous son, his father, Andrew Agnew, an army officer, having died on 11 September 1792. His mother, ...

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Albery, Nicholas Bronson (1948–2001), social activist and charity founder  

Michael Norton

Albery, Nicholas Bronson (1948–2001), social activist and charity founder, was born on 28 July 1948 at Bricket House, Bricket Road, St Albans, Hertfordshire, the second of three children of Sir Donald Arthur Rolleston Albery (1914–1988), theatre owner and theatrical manager, and his second wife, ...

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Cover Albery, Nicholas Bronson (1948–2001)

Albery, Nicholas Bronson (1948–2001)  

Maker: David Cohen

In 

Nicholas Bronson Albery (1948–2001) by David Cohen, 2000 © David Cohen

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Aldred, Joan [née Ferneley] (b. 1546, d. after 1625), Catholic activist and papal pensioner  

Earle Havens

Aldred, Joan [née Ferneley] (b. 1546, d. after 12 Oct 1625), Catholic activist and papal pensioner, was the daughter of John Ferneley of Reed, Hertfordshire. Joan married the London hosier Solomon Aldred (d. 1592) sometime in or before 1578, by which time they likely moved from ...

Article

Allen, (Reginald) Clifford, Baron Allen of Hurtwood (1889–1939), politician and peace campaigner  

David Howell

Allen, (Reginald) Clifford, Baron Allen of Hurtwood (1889–1939), politician and peace campaigner, was born at St Olave's, Slow Park, Newport, Monmouthshire, on 9 May 1889. As an adult he was always known as Clifford Allen, or by close friends as CA. He had a brother, ...

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Cover Allen, (Reginald) Clifford, Baron Allen of Hurtwood (1889–1939)

Allen, (Reginald) Clifford, Baron Allen of Hurtwood (1889–1939)  

Maker: Elliott & Fry

In 

(Reginald) Clifford Allen, Baron Allen of Hurtwood (1889–1939) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Amos [née Bunting], Sarah Maclardie (1841–1908), political activist  

Philippa Levine

Amos [née Bunting], Sarah Maclardie (1841–1908), political activist, was born in Manchester, on 22 March 1841, the youngest daughter of Thomas Percival Bunting (1810–1885), a Manchester solicitor and third son of prominent Wesleyan Methodist Jabez Bunting (1779–1858), and his wife, ...

Article

Anders, Władysław (1892–1970), army officer and politician  

Peter D. Stachura

Anders, Władysław (1892–1970), army officer and politician, was born on 11 August 1892 in Błonie, in the county of Kutno, in Russian Poland. The eldest of four sons of Catholic parents, he attended secondary school in Warsaw, and moved with the family to ...

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Cover Andrews, Charles Freer (1871–1940)

Andrews, Charles Freer (1871–1940)  

Maker: Howard Coster

In 

Charles Freer Andrews (1871–1940) by Howard Coster, 1935 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Andrews, Charles Freer (1871–1940), author and campaigner for Indian independence  

Hugh Tinker

Andrews, Charles Freer (1871–1940), author and campaigner for Indian independence, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne on 12 February 1871, the second son of John Edwin Andrews, minister in the Catholic Apostolic (or Irvingite) church, and his second wife, Mary Charlotte Cartwright (1840–1914)...

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Angell, Sir (Ralph) Norman [formerly Ralph Norman Angell Lane] (1872–1967), peace campaigner and author  

Martin Ceadel

Angell, Sir (Ralph) Norman [formerly Ralph Norman Angell Lane] (1872–1967), peace campaigner and author, was born on 26 December 1872 in the Mansion House, Holbeach, Lincolnshire, the sixth of seven children of Thomas Angell Lane JP, who owned a small chain of shops, and his wife, ...

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Cover Angell, Sir (Ralph) Norman (1872–1967)
Sir (Ralph) Norman Angell (1872–1967) by Bassano © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Antonius, George Habib (1891–1942), colonial official, historian, and political activist  

Michael T. Thornhill

Antonius, George Habib (1891–1942), colonial official, historian, and political activist, was born on 19 October 1891 in Dair al-Qamar, a small town in the Lebanese mountains, the third of five sons of Habib Antonius (d. 1931), a merchant, and his wife, Émilie Hobeika (...

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Archer, John Richard (1863–1932), local politician and Pan-Africanist  

Peter Fryer

Archer, John Richard (1863–1932), local politician and Pan-Africanist, was born on 8 June 1863 at 3 Blake Street, Liverpool, the elder son in the family of two sons and one daughter of (John) Richard Archer (b. 1833/4), a ship's steward, and his wife, ...

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Cover Archer, John Richard (1863–1932)

Archer, John Richard (1863–1932)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

John Richard Archer (1863–1932) by unknown photographer, c. 1913 General Research Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox, and Tilden Foundations

Article

Arnot, Robert Page [Robin] (1890–1986), political activist and historian  

Antony Howe

Arnot, Robert Page [Robin] (1890–1986), political activist and historian, was born at 8 South Street, Greenock, Renfrewshire, on 15 December 1890, the son of John Arnot, a newspaper sub-editor who had begun work as a child in an iron foundry but became editor of the ...

Article

Association for Promoting the Repeal of the Taxes on Knowledge (act. 1851–1868)  

Martin Hewitt

The Association for Promoting the Repeal of the Taxes on Knowledge (act. 1851–1868) was established at a meeting at Fendall’s Hotel in London, on 13 February 1851, with a view to the repeal of a number of financial burdens falling particularly but not exclusively on newspapers, collectively known by their opponents as the ‘taxes on knowledge’: the advertising duty, the newspaper stamp, and the excise on paper. In ...