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Baume, Pierre Henri Joseph (1797–1875), radical activist and eccentric  

Roger Cooter

Baume, Pierre Henri Joseph (1797–1875), radical activist and eccentric, was born at Marseilles on 17 October 1797, the son of Henri Joseph Baume (1770–1831) and Marie Claire Antoinette Merlat (1780–1837). His parents ran a wig-making shop and were inclined both to anti-clericalism and adultery. When he was still young his father moved to ...

Article

Britannia (fl. 1st–21st cent.), allegory of a nation, emblem of empire, and patriotic icon  

Virginia Hewitt

Britannia (fl. 1st–21st cent.), allegory of a nation, emblem of empire, and patriotic icon, is by origin a child of Rome, representing an outpost of the Roman empire. Her earliest known appearances did not augur well for her future: rock reliefs at Aphrodisias...

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Cover Britannia (fl. 1st–21st cent.)

Britannia (fl. 1st–21st cent.)  

Maker: Jan Roettier

In 

Britannia (fl. 1st– cent.21st) by Jan Roettier, 1667 [reverse] © Copyright The British Museum

Article

Bull, John (supp. fl. 1712–), fictitious epitomist of Englishness and British imperialism  

Miles Taylor

Bull, John (supp. fl. 1712–), fictitious epitomist of Englishness and British imperialism, first appeared in print in The History of John Bull, a political allegory—sometimes wrongly attributed to Jonathan Swift, but now accepted as the work of John Arbuthnot, Queen Anne's physician. The ...

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Cover Bull, John (supp. fl. 1712–)

Bull, John (supp. fl. 1712–)  

Maker: Charles Williams

In 

John Bull (supp. fl. 1712–) by Charles Williams, c. 1816 © Copyright The British Museum

Article

Gibson [née Cullum], (Susannah) Arethusa (1814–1885), society hostess and political activist  

Mary S. Millar

Gibson [née Cullum], (Susannah) Arethusa (1814–1885), society hostess and political activist, was born on 11 January 1814 at Southgate Green, Bury St Edmunds, the only child of Revd Sir Thomas Gery Cullum, eighth baronet (1777–1855), and his first wife, Mary Anne, née...

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Cover Grant, Julia Anne (1954–2019)

Grant, Julia Anne (1954–2019)  

Maker: Eric Harlow

In 

Julia Grant (1954–2019), by Eric Harlow, 1980

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Article

Grant, Julia Anne (1954–2019), trans rights activist, author, and ceramics distributor  

David Pearson

Grant, Julia Anne (1954–2019), trans rights activist, author, and ceramics distributor, was born George William Roberts at Victoria Hospital, Blackpool, Lancashire, on 23 September 1954, the eldest of eight children of George Frederick (Phillip) Roberts, a deep sea trawlerman, and his wife, Agnes Jessie (Jessica), ...

Article

See Hobart, George, third earl of Buckinghamshire

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Cover Mitchison, Naomi Mary Margaret, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999)

Mitchison, Naomi Mary Margaret, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999)  

Maker: Wyndham Lewis

In 

Naomi Mary Margaret Mitchison, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999) by Wyndham Lewis, 1938 © Wyndham Lewis Memorial Trust

Article

Mitchison [née Haldane], Naomi Mary Margaret, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999), writer and social activist  

Elizabeth Maslen

Mitchison [née Haldane], Naomi Mary Margaret, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999), writer and social activist, was born on 1 November 1897 at 10 Randolph Crescent, Edinburgh, the younger child of John Scott Haldane (1860–1936), physiologist, and his wife, (Louisa) Kathleen (1863–1961), an active suffragist, daughter of ...

Article

Secord [née Ingersoll], Laura (1775–1868), United Empire loyalist and heroine  

Katherine M. J. McKenna

Secord [née Ingersoll], Laura (1775–1868), United Empire loyalist and heroine, was born on 13 September 1775 in Main Street, Great Barrington, Massachusetts, the first child of Thomas Ingersoll (1749–1812), merchant, and Elizabeth Dewey (1758–1784). Although he fought as a patriot during the American War of Independence and was later promoted to major in the ...