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Addison, John (c. 1766–1844), double bass player and composer  

W. B. Squire

revised by David J. Golby

Addison, John (c. 1766–1844), double bass player and composer, was born in London, the son of a village mechanic. As a child he showed considerable musical ability, learning to play a variety of instruments, including the flageolet, flute, bassoon, and violin. He was also self-taught in composition, and his early works include a set of ...

Article

Alvars, Elias Parish- (1808–1849), harpist and composer  

R. H. Legge

revised by David J. Golby

Alvars, Elias Parish- (1808–1849), harpist and composer, was born on 28 February 1808 at Teignmouth, where he was baptized on 13 March 1808 as Eli Parish, the second child and eldest son of Joseph Parish (1781–1833), organist, singing teacher, and music dealer, and his wife, ...

Article

Ambrose, Benjamin Baruch [Bert] (1896–1971), bandleader and violinist  

Peter Gammond

Ambrose, Benjamin Baruch [Bert] (1896–1971), bandleader and violinist, was born in Warsaw, Poland, in the Russian empire, on 11 September 1896, the son of Lewis Ambrose (1869/70–1962), a dealer in rags in the East End of London, and his wife, Becky or Rebecca (1870/71–1945)...

Article

Anderson, Thomas James [Tom] (1910–1991), fiddler and collector of traditional music  

Brian Smith

Anderson, Thomas James [Tom] (1910–1991), fiddler and collector of traditional music, was born on 29 August 1910 in the isolated district of Eshaness in Shetland, the eldest of six children of James Anderson, fisherman–crofter, and his wife, Harriet Margaret, née Johnson. His grandfather and uncle taught him to play the fiddle when he was eight. He came under the influence of ...

Article

Ashley, Charles Jane (1772–1843), cellist  

W. B. Squire

revised by John Warrack

Ashley, Charles Jane (1772–1843), cellist, was born on 30 December 1772 in London, probably at 4 Pimlico Terrace, Chelsea, the third son of John Ashley (c. 1734–1805) and his wife Mary, née Jane (d. 1809). He played at Ranelagh and at Covent Garden...

Article

Ashley, General Christopher (1769–1818)  

See Ashley, John

Article

Ashley, Richard Godfrey (1774–1836)  

See Ashley, John

Image

Cover Audain, Ida Augusta (1854?–1932)

Audain, Ida Augusta (1854?–1932)  

Maker: Herbert Rose Barraud

In 

Ida Audain (1854?–1932), by Herbert Rose Barraud

Clive Morley Collection

Article

Audain, Ida Augusta (1854?–1932), harpist  

Kathleen Chater

Audain, Ida Augusta (1854?–1932), harpist, was born around 1854 in Kingstown, St Vincent, the daughter of a merchant, John Audain, later a member of the Executive and Legislative Councils of St Vincent and owner of the Richmond Hill estate, and his black wife, ...

Article

Bacheler [Bachiler], Daniel (bap. 1572, d. 1619), lutenist and composer  

Anne Batchelor

Bacheler [Bachiler], Daniel (bap. 1572, d. 1619), lutenist and composer, was baptized on 16 March 1572 at Aston Clinton, Buckinghamshire, the fifth of the ten children of Richard Bacheler (1545–1583) and his wife, Elizabeth Cardell. On 13 November 1579 he was apprenticed to his mother's brother ...

Article

Bacon, Thomas (1700?–1768), Church of England clergyman and musician  

Carole Lynne Price

Bacon, Thomas (1700?–1768), Church of England clergyman and musician, was probably born either in the Isle of Man or Cumberland. He had at least one brother. He is known to have been in charge of a coal depot in Dublin in 1737, the year in which he published ...

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Cover Bailey, Derek (1930–2005)

Bailey, Derek (1930–2005)  

Maker: Mephisto

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Derek Bailey (1930–2005) by Mephisto, 2001 © Mephisto / Rex Features

Article

Bailey, Derek (1930–2005), guitarist and musical theorist  

Peter Stubley

Bailey, Derek (1930–2005), guitarist and musical theorist, was born on 29 January 1930 in Nether Edge Hospital, Sheffield, the only child of George Edward Bailey (d. 1965), barber, and his wife, Lily, née Wing (d. 1996). His maternal grandfather, Percy Wing...

Article

Baldry, John William [known as Long John Baldry] (1941–2005), singer and guitarist  

Spencer Leigh

Baldry, John William [known as Long John Baldry] (1941–2005), singer and guitarist, was born at East Haddon Hall, East Haddon, Northamptonshire, on 12 January 1941, the first of three children of William James Baldry (1915–1990), a Metropolitan Police constable, and his wife, ...

Article

Baltzar, Thomas (c. 1630–1663), violinist  

Peter Walls

Baltzar, Thomas (c. 1630–1663), violinist, was the eldest child of David Baltzar (d. 1647), town musician of Lübeck, and his wife, whom he married on 4 October 1630 but whose name is unknown. His father's family had been musicians for at least four generations. It is possible, as ...

Article

Banister, John (1624/5–1679), violinist and composer  

Peter Walls

Banister, John (1624/5–1679), violinist and composer, was the son of a wait in St Giles-in-the-Fields, London. He played (alongside Thomas Baltzar) in William Davenant's Siege of Rhodes (scheduled for September 1656 but possibly not performed for another three years). Pepys heard him perform at the ...

Article

Barbirolli, Sir John [formerly Giovanni Battista] (1899–1970), conductor and cellist  

Michael Kennedy

Barbirolli, Sir John [formerly Giovanni Battista] (1899–1970), conductor and cellist, was born Giovanni Battista at 12 Southampton Row, London, on 2 December 1899, the elder son and second of the three children of an émigré Italian violinist, Lorenzo Barbirolli (1864–1928), and his Parisian wife, ...

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Cover Barbirolli, Sir John (1899–1970)

Barbirolli, Sir John (1899–1970)  

Maker: Georges Maiteny

In 

Sir John Barbirolli (1899–1970) by Georges Maiteny © National Portrait Gallery, London

Audio

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Barrett, Roger Keith [Syd], musician and songwriter (1946–2006)  

In 

Barrett, Roger Keith [Syd], musician and songwriter (1946–2006)

Article

Barrett, Roger Keith [Syd] (1946–2006), musician and songwriter  

Rikky Rooksby

Barrett, Roger Keith [Syd] (1946–2006), musician and songwriter, was born on 6 January 1946 at 60 Glisson Road, Cambridge, the fourth of five children of Arthur Max Barrett, medical practitioner, and his wife, Winifred Flack, née Heeps. Educated at the Cambridge and County High School for Boys...