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Acheson, Roy Malcolm (1921–2003), epidemiologist  

Tom Meade

Acheson, Roy Malcolm (1921–2003), epidemiologist, was born at 67 Eglantine Avenue, Belfast, on 18 August 1921, the elder son of Malcolm King Acheson (d. 1962), medical doctor, and his wife, Dorothy Josephine, née Rennoldson d. 1976. He was originally named Malcolm Roy...


Adami, John George (1862–1926), pathologist  

H. B. Grimsditch

revised by Geoffrey L. Asherson

Adami, John George (1862–1926), pathologist, was born on 12 January 1862 in the Albion Hotel, Piccadilly, Manchester. He was the second son of five sons and four daughters of John George Adami, hotel proprietor, and his wife, Sarah Ann Ellis, daughter of Thomas Leech...


Aitken, Sir William (1825–1892), pathologist  

J. B. Nias

revised by Jeffrey S. Reznick

Aitken, Sir William (1825–1892), pathologist, eldest son of William Aitken, a medical practitioner, was born in Dundee on 23 April 1825. He was educated at the high school in Dundee, and was subsequently apprenticed to his father and at the same time undertook further training at the ...


Allen, Dame Ingrid Victoria (1932–2020), neuropathologist  

Stanley Hawkins

Allen, Dame Ingrid Victoria (1932–2020), neuropathologist, was born on 30 July 1932 at 63 Gainsborough Drive, Belfast, the eldest of four daughters of an eminent Irish Presbyterian cleric, the Revd Robert Allen (1904–1968), and his wife, Doris Victoria, née Shaw (...


Almeida [née Hart], June Dalziel (1930–2007), virologist  

J. E. Banatvala

Almeida [née Hart], June Dalziel (1930–2007), virologist, was born on 5 October 1930 at 10 Duntroon Street, Glasgow, the daughter of Harry Leonard Hart, bus driver, and his wife, Jane Dalziel, née Steven. On leaving school in 1947 she became a laboratory technician in histopathology at ...


Cover Andrewes, Sir Christopher Howard (1896–1988)

Andrewes, Sir Christopher Howard (1896–1988)  

Maker: Walter Stoneman


Sir Christopher Howard Andrewes (1896–1988) by Walter Stoneman, 1939 © National Portrait Gallery, London


Andrewes, Sir Christopher Howard (1896–1988), virologist  

David Tyrrell


Andrewes, Sir Christopher Howard (1896–1988), virologist, was born on 7 June 1896 in London, the elder child and only son of Sir Frederick William Andrewes (1859–1932), pathologist, and his wife, Phyllis Mary, daughter of John Hamer, publisher. He was educated as a day boy at ...


Andrewes, Sir Frederick William (1859–1932), pathologist and bacteriologist  

H. H. Dale


Andrewes, Sir Frederick William (1859–1932), pathologist and bacteriologist, was born at Greyfriars House, Friar Street, Reading, on 31 March 1859, the eldest of the four sons of Charles James Andrewes, an engineer, who was mayor of Reading, and his second wife, Charlotte Parsons...


Arkwright, Sir Joseph Arthur (1864–1944), bacteriologist  

W. J. Bishop

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Arkwright, Sir Joseph Arthur (1864–1944), bacteriologist, was born at Thurlaston, Leicestershire, on 22 March 1864, the youngest of the five children of Arthur William Arkwright, gentleman farmer, of Broughton Hall, Astley, and his wife and second cousin, Emma (d. 1866), daughter of ...


Ashton, Norman Henry (1913–2000), pathologist  

John Harry

Ashton, Norman Henry (1913–2000), pathologist, was born on 11 September 1913 at 60 Highlever Road, North Kensington, London, the second son of Henry James Ashton, a cheesemonger's assistant, and his wife, Margaret Ann, née Tuck. He attended West Kensington central school but left at sixteen to work as a laboratory assistant in a ...


Cover Askonas, Brigitte Alice (1923–2013)

Askonas, Brigitte Alice (1923–2013)  

Maker: unknown photographer


Brigitte Alice Askonas (1923–2013) by unknown photographer, 1970s © reserved; National Institute of Medical Research


Askonas, Brigitte Alice [Ita] (1923–2013), immunologist and biochemist  

Bridget Ogilvie

Askonas, Brigitte Alice [Ita] (1923–2013), immunologist and biochemist, was born on 1 April 1923 in Vienna, the second child and only daughter of Czech parents who were Jewish converts to Catholicism, Carl Frederick (later Charles Frederick) Askonas (1893–1946) and his wife, Rose, née...


Balfour, Sir Andrew (1873–1931), expert in tropical medicine and novelist  

Arthur S. MacNalty

revised by Mary E. Gibson

Balfour, Sir Andrew (1873–1931), expert in tropical medicine and novelist, was born in Edinburgh on 21 March 1873, the eldest son of Thomas Alexander Goldie Balfour MD, of Edinburgh, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Peter Christall, of Elgin. He was educated at ...


Bamforth [née Ince], Rosemary Margaret Warren (1924–2018), codebreaker and pathologist  

Anne Pimlott Baker

Bamforth [née Ince], Rosemary Margaret Warren (1924–2018), codebreaker and pathologist, was born on 19 October 1924 at 31 Kersland Street, Hillhead, Glasgow, the younger child of Douglas Edward Ince (1890–1966), farmer and businessman, and his wife, Isobel Margaret, née...


Bangham, Alec Douglas (1921–2010), haematologist  

Clive Ellory

Bangham, Alec Douglas (1921–2010), haematologist, was born at 2 Langdale Road, Rusholme, Manchester, on 10 November 1921, the elder son and eldest of three children of Donald Hugh Bangham (1895–1950), physical chemist, and his wife, Edith, née Kerby (1892–1979). His father was dean of the faculty of science at the ...


Barber, Mary (1911–1965), bacteriologist  

Francis O'Grady

Barber, Mary (1911–1965), bacteriologist, was born in Derby on 3 April 1911, the third daughter of Hugh Barber, physician, and Ethel M. Howlett. She was educated at Alice Ottley School, Worcester, and the London School of Medicine for Women; she obtained the conjoint diploma in 1934 and graduated MB BS in 1936. She then became resident pathologist and A. M. Bird scholar in the pathology unit of the ...


Barker, David James Purslove (1938–2013), physician and epidemiologist  

Alan W. Craft

Barker, David James Purslove (1938–2013), physician and epidemiologist, was born at the Wilbraham Nursing Home, 3 Wilbraham Place, Chelsea, London, on 29 June 1938, the younger son and second of three children of Hugh Purslove Barker (1909–1984), an engineer and businessman (later chairman and managing director of the ...


Barnes, John Morrison (1913–1975), toxicologist  

W. D. M. Paton


Barnes, John Morrison (1913–1975), toxicologist, was born in Sheffield at midnight on 11–12 January 1913, the elder son and elder child of Alfred Edward Barnes, later professor of medicine in the University of Sheffield, and his wife, Janet (Jessie) Morrison. Barnes's younger brother, ...


Bawden, Sir Frederick Charles (1908–1972), virologist and plant pathologist  

N. W. Pirie


Bawden, Sir Frederick Charles (1908–1972), virologist and plant pathologist, was born on 18 August 1908 in North Tawton, Devon, the younger son and youngest of the three children of George Bawden, relieving officer and registrar of births and deaths, and his wife, Ellen Balment...


Bedson, Sir Samuel Phillips (1886–1969), bacteriologist  

A. W. Downie


Bedson, Sir Samuel Phillips (1886–1969), bacteriologist, was born on 1 December 1886 at Newcastle upon Tyne, the second son of Peter Phillips Bedson, professor of chemistry in the Durham College of Science, and his wife, Annie, daughter of Samuel Hodgkinson, cotton spinner, of ...