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Anderson, William (1842–1900), anatomist and writer on art  

Thomas Seccombe

revised by Mark Pottle

Anderson, William (1842–1900), anatomist and writer on art, was born on 18 December 1842 in London at the Eldon Arms, Queen Square, the son of William Henry Anderson, licensed victualler, and his wife, Ann, formerly Cattel. After attending the City of London School...

Article

Baillie, Matthew (1761–1823), morbid anatomist and physician  

John Jones

Baillie, Matthew (1761–1823), morbid anatomist and physician, was born on 27 October 1761 at Shotts manse, Lanarkshire, the second but only surviving son of James Baillie (c.1722–1778) and his wife, Dorothea (c.1721–1806). They had an elder daughter, and also one younger, ...

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Cover Baillie, Matthew (1761–1823)

Baillie, Matthew (1761–1823)  

Maker: Sir Thomas Lawrence

Matthew Baillie (1761–1823) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, c. 1806 by permission of the Royal College of Physicians, London

Article

Barclay, John (1758–1826), anatomist  

Lisa Rosner

Barclay, John (1758–1826), anatomist, was born at Muthill, Perthshire, on 1 December 1758, the son of Lodowick Barclay, a farmer, and Margaret McIlwhannel. John Barclay (1733–1798), founder of the Berean confession in Edinburgh, was his uncle. In 1776 Barclay obtained a bursary in ...

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Cover Barclay, John (1758–1826)

Barclay, John (1758–1826)  

Maker: John Syme

In 

John Barclay (1758–1826) by John Syme, 1816 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Barker, Sir Herbert Atkinson (1869–1950), bone-setter  

Stella Butler

Barker, Sir Herbert Atkinson (1869–1950), bone-setter, was born at Southport on 21 April 1869, the only son of Thomas Wildman Barker, solicitor, who became coroner for south-west Lancashire, and his wife, Agnes Atkinson; both parents died while Barker was a schoolboy. After leaving the grammar school at ...

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Cover Barker, Sir Herbert Atkinson (1869–1950)

Barker, Sir Herbert Atkinson (1869–1950)  

Maker: Augustus John

In 

Sir Herbert Atkinson Barker (1869–1950) by Augustus John, 1916 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bell, John (1763–1820), surgeon and anatomist  

K. Grudzien Baston

Bell, John (1763–1820), surgeon and anatomist, was born on 12 May 1763 in Edinburgh, the second son of the Revd William Bell (1704–1779) and his wife, Margaret Morrice. Despite the impoverishment of the family which was caused by Bell's father's conversion from the ...

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Cover Bowman, Sir William, first baronet (1816–1892)

Bowman, Sir William, first baronet (1816–1892)  

Maker: George Frederic Watts

In 

Sir William Bowman, first baronet (1816–1892) by George Frederic Watts, 1865 private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bowman, Sir William, first baronet (1816–1892), ophthalmic surgeon and anatomist  

D'A. Power

revised by Emilie Savage-Smith

Bowman, Sir William, first baronet (1816–1892), ophthalmic surgeon and anatomist, was born at Sweetbriar Hall, Hospital Street, Nantwich, Cheshire, on 20 July 1816, the third of the four sons (there was one daughter) of John Eddowes Bowman the elder (1785–1841), a banker as well as botanist and fellow of the ...

Article

Brookes, Joshua (1761–1833), anatomist  

P. E. Kell

Brookes, Joshua (1761–1833), anatomist, was born on 24 November 1761. Little is known of his early life. He studied anatomy and surgery in London under William Hunter, William Hewson, Andrew Marshall, and John Sheldon, and for a time attended the practice of Portal...

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Cover Brookes, Joshua (1761–1833)

Brookes, Joshua (1761–1833)  

Maker: Thomas Phillips

In 

Joshua Brookes (1761–1833) by Thomas Phillips, 1815 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Buissière [Bussière], Paul (d. 1739), surgeon and anatomist  

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Michael Bevan

Buissière [Bussière], Paul (d. 1739), surgeon and anatomist, was a native of France, and a protestant who had left his country on account of his religion. Before leaving France he had practised with distinction in the principality of Orange. He settled in the first instance at ...

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Cover Buissière, Paul (d. 1739)

Buissière, Paul (d. 1739)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Paul Buissière (d. 1739) by unknown artist © Royal Society

Article

Burns, Allan (1781–1813), anatomist  

Campbell F. Lloyd

Burns, Allan (1781–1813), anatomist, was born in Glasgow on 18 September 1781, one of the sons of the Revd John Burns (1744–1839), minister of Barony parish, Glasgow, and his wife, Elizabeth Stevenson. Family interests connected the professions and commerce: his brother George Burns...

Article

Carlisle, Sir Anthony (1768–1840), surgeon and anatomist  

W. F. Bynum

Carlisle, Sir Anthony (1768–1840), surgeon and anatomist, was born on 15 February 1768 at Stillington, Durham, the third son of Thomas Carlisle and his first wife Barbara (d. 1768), daughter of John and Elizabeth Hubback of Cowpen Bowley, near Stillington. Following Barbara's...

Article

Carpue, Joseph Constantine (bap. 1764, d. 1846), surgeon and anatomist  

Anthony R. J. S. Adolph

Carpue, Joseph Constantine (bap. 1764, d. 1846), surgeon and anatomist, was baptized on 4 May 1764 at the Sardinian embassy chapel, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, the son of Henry Carpue (d. 1794), a Roman Catholic gentleman of Brook Green, and his wife, ...

Article

Carswell, Sir Robert (1793–1857), physician and pathological anatomist  

Andrew Hull

Carswell, Sir Robert (1793–1857), physician and pathological anatomist, was born on 3 February 1793 in Paisley, the son of Robert Carswell, a print cutter of Thornliebank, and his wife, Bethia Foulds. He studied medicine at the University of Glasgow, and probably took an anatomy course at the ...

Article

Cheselden, William (1688–1752), surgeon and anatomist  

John Kirkup

Cheselden, William (1688–1752), surgeon and anatomist, born on 19 October 1688 in a dwelling, now Cheseldyne House, at Burrough on the Hill, Somerby, Leicestershire, was the third child and second son of George Cheselden, landowner and farmer, and his wife, Deborah, daughter of ...

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Cover Cheselden, William (1688–1752)

Cheselden, William (1688–1752)  

Maker: Jonathan Richardson the elder

In 

William Cheselden (1688–1752) by Jonathan Richardson the elder reproduced by kind permission of the President and Council of the Royal College of Surgeons of London