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Adair, Gilbert Smithson (1896–1979), physiologist  

Paley Johnson

revised

Adair, Gilbert Smithson (1896–1979), physiologist, was born on 21 September 1896 in Whitehaven, the elder child and only son of Harold Adair, manager of an iron ore mine in Cumberland, and his wife, Anna Mary Jackson, from Garstang. The family later moved to nearby ...

Article

Adelstein, Abraham Manie [Abe] (1916–1992), occupational physician and medical statistician  

Richard Doll

Adelstein, Abraham Manie [Abe] (1916–1992), occupational physician and medical statistician, was born on 28 March 1916 at Trichard, eastern Transvaal, South Africa, the fourth of five children (four boys and one girl) of Nathan Adelstein, miller in Trichard, and Rosie Cohen, both Jewish immigrants from ...

Article

Adrian, Edgar Douglas, first Baron Adrian (1889–1977), physiologist  

A. L. Hodgkin

revised

Adrian, Edgar Douglas, first Baron Adrian (1889–1977), physiologist, was born in London on 30 November 1889, the youngest of the three sons (there were no daughters) of Alfred Douglas Adrian, civil servant, and his wife, Flora Lavinia, daughter of Charles Howard Barton. His eldest brother lived for only a few days, while the other, ...

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Cover Adrian, Edgar Douglas, first Baron Adrian (1889–1977)

Adrian, Edgar Douglas, first Baron Adrian (1889–1977)  

Maker: Walter Stoneman

In 

Edgar Douglas Adrian, first Baron Adrian (1889–1977) by Walter Stoneman, 1932 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Adrian, Richard Hume, second Baron Adrian (1927–1995), physiologist  

Ian Glynn

Adrian, Richard Hume, second Baron Adrian (1927–1995), physiologist, was born on 16 October 1927 in Grange Road, Cambridge, the only son and youngest of the three children of Edgar Douglas Adrian, first Baron Adrian (1889–1977), physiologist, and his wife, Hester Agnes Adrian, daughter of ...

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Cover Adrian, Richard Hume, second Baron Adrian (1927–1995)

Adrian, Richard Hume, second Baron Adrian (1927–1995)  

Maker: Ian Fleming

In 

Richard Hume Adrian, second Baron Adrian (1927–1995) by Ian Fleming, 1992 photograph by Ian Fleming

Article

Anderson, Sir Hugh Kerr (1865–1928), physiologist and university administrator  

J. F. Cameron

revised by Rachel E. Davies

Anderson, Sir Hugh Kerr (1865–1928), physiologist and university administrator, was born at Frognal Park, Hampstead, on 6 July 1865. His great-grandfather was a surgeon in the Royal Navy; his grandfather was a doctor at Peterhead, who died young, leaving a family. The second son, ...

Article

Anderson, William (1842–1900), anatomist and writer on art  

Thomas Seccombe

revised by Mark Pottle

Anderson, William (1842–1900), anatomist and writer on art, was born on 18 December 1842 in London at the Eldon Arms, Queen Square, the son of William Henry Anderson, licensed victualler, and his wife, Ann, formerly Cattel. After attending the City of London School...

Article

Anderson, Sir (William) Ferguson (1914–2001), geriatrician  

John C. Brocklehurst

Anderson, Sir (William) Ferguson (1914–2001), geriatrician, was born on 8 April 1914 at 11 Lochside Street, Glasgow, the son of James Kirkwood Anderson, master plumber, and his wife, Sarah Barr, née Kerr. His father, a captain in the 7th Scottish Rifles, was killed on active service in ...

Article

Ashby, Winifred Mayer (1879–1975), medical researcher  

E. M. Tansey

Ashby, Winifred Mayer (1879–1975), medical researcher, was born on 13 October 1879 in London, the daughter of George Mayer Ashby and Mary-Ann Brock. She moved with her parents and two brothers to Chicago and became a naturalized American citizen in 1893. She never married. ...

Article

Baillie, Matthew (1761–1823), morbid anatomist and physician  

John Jones

Baillie, Matthew (1761–1823), morbid anatomist and physician, was born on 27 October 1761 at Shotts manse, Lanarkshire, the second but only surviving son of James Baillie (c.1722–1778) and his wife, Dorothea (c.1721–1806). They had an elder daughter, and also one younger, ...

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Cover Baillie, Matthew (1761–1823)

Baillie, Matthew (1761–1823)  

Maker: Sir Thomas Lawrence

Matthew Baillie (1761–1823) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, c. 1806 by permission of the Royal College of Physicians, London

Article

Bainbridge, Francis Arthur (1874–1921), physiologist  

F. W. Andrewes

revised by E. M. Tansey

Bainbridge, Francis Arthur (1874–1921), physiologist, was born on 29 July 1874 at Stockton-on-Tees, co. Durham, the elder son of Robert Robinson Bainbridge, a chemist, and his wife, Mary Sanderson. Educated at the Leys School, Cambridge, where his contemporaries included Joseph Barcroft and Henry Dale...

Article

Banting, Sir Frederick Grant (1891–1941), physician and medical researcher  

Michael Bliss

Banting, Sir Frederick Grant (1891–1941), physician and medical researcher, was born near the town of Alliston, Ontario, Canada, on 14 November 1891, the fourth son and fifth and youngest child of William Thompson Banting (1849–1929), a farmer of Irish descent, and his wife, ...

Article

Barclay, John (1758–1826), anatomist  

Lisa Rosner

Barclay, John (1758–1826), anatomist, was born at Muthill, Perthshire, on 1 December 1758, the son of Lodowick Barclay, a farmer, and Margaret McIlwhannel. John Barclay (1733–1798), founder of the Berean confession in Edinburgh, was his uncle. In 1776 Barclay obtained a bursary in ...

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Cover Barclay, John (1758–1826)

Barclay, John (1758–1826)  

Maker: John Syme

In 

John Barclay (1758–1826) by John Syme, 1816 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Barcroft, Henry (1904–1998), circulatory physiologist  

Peter B. C. Matthews

Barcroft, Henry (1904–1998), circulatory physiologist, was born on 18 October 1904 at 92 Chesterton Road, Cambridge, the elder of two sons of the distinguished physiologist Sir Joseph Barcroft (1872–1947), Cambridge professor, and his wife, Mary Agnetta (Minnie; 1875–1961), daughter of Sir Robert Ball...

Article

Barcroft, Sir Joseph (1872–1947), physiologist  

John B. West

Barcroft, Sir Joseph (1872–1947), physiologist, was born on 26 July 1872 at The Glen, Newry, co. Down, Ireland, the second of the five children of Henry Barcroft (d. 1905), linen merchant and inventor, and his wife, Anna Richardson Malcolmson (1840–1924), daughter of ...

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Cover Barcroft, Sir Joseph (1872–1947)

Barcroft, Sir Joseph (1872–1947)  

Maker: Lafayette

In 

Sir Joseph Barcroft (1872–1947) by Lafayette, 1933 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Barker, Sir Herbert Atkinson (1869–1950), bone-setter  

Stella Butler

Barker, Sir Herbert Atkinson (1869–1950), bone-setter, was born at Southport on 21 April 1869, the only son of Thomas Wildman Barker, solicitor, who became coroner for south-west Lancashire, and his wife, Agnes Atkinson; both parents died while Barker was a schoolboy. After leaving the grammar school at ...