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Adams [later Rawson], Sir William (1783–1827), oculist  

W. P. Courtney

revised by J. M. Tiffany

Adams [later Rawson], Sir William (1783–1827), oculist, was born at Stanbury, Morwenstow, Cornwall, on 5 December 1783, the youngest son of Henry Adams (1727-1811) and his wife, Damaris (1736–1788), daughter of Simon and Anne Cottle. He bore the name Adams...


Allen, Dame Ingrid Victoria (1932–2020), neuropathologist  

Stanley Hawkins

Allen, Dame Ingrid Victoria (1932–2020), neuropathologist, was born on 30 July 1932 at 63 Gainsborough Drive, Belfast, the eldest of four daughters of an eminent Irish Presbyterian cleric, the Revd Robert Allen (1904–1968), and his wife, Doris Victoria, née Shaw (...


Althaus, Julius (1833–1900), physician and neurologist  

D'A. Power

revised by Caroline Overy

Althaus, Julius (1833–1900), physician and neurologist, born in Lippe-Detmold, Germany, on 31 March 1833, was the fourth and youngest son of Friedrich Althaus and Julie Draescke. His father was Lutheran general superintendent of Lippe-Detmold, a dignitary equivalent to the Anglican rural dean; his mother was a daughter of the last protestant bishop of ...


Anderson, Tempest (1846–1913), ophthalmic surgeon and vulcanologist  

R. J. Suthren


Anderson, Tempest (1846–1913), ophthalmic surgeon and vulcanologist, was born on 7 December 1846 at 17 Stonegate, York, the elder son and eldest of the three children of William Charles Anderson, surgeon of York, and his wife, Sarah Ellen Hall. Educated at St Peter's School, York...


Anderson, Sir Thomas McCall (1836–1908), physician and dermatologist  

James Cooper

revised by J. O'D. Alexander

Anderson, Sir Thomas McCall (1836–1908), physician and dermatologist, was born at 159 St Vincent Street, Glasgow, on 9 June 1836. One of eight children, he was the second son of Alexander Dunlop Anderson (1794–1871), a medical practitioner in Glasgow and former president of the ...


Ansell, Barbara Mary (1923–2001), rheumatologist  

Allan St John Dixon

Ansell, Barbara Mary (1923–2001), rheumatologist, was born at 24 Jury Street, Warwick, on 30 August 1923, the only child of Herbert Joseph Ansell, secretary to a building society who also served for a period as mayor of Warwick, and his wife, Annie Olivia, ...


Armstrong, George (1719/20–1789), physician specializing in the treatment of children  

Margaret DeLacy

Armstrong, George (1719/20–1789), physician specializing in the treatment of children, was born at Castleton in Liddesdale, Roxburghshire, the third son and youngest of the six children of Robert Armstrong (1661–1732), Presbyterian minister, of Castleton, and his second wife, Christian Mowatt (1675–1753). He was the younger brother of the poet ...


Ashby, Henry (1846–1908), paediatrician  

Mark Jackson

Ashby, Henry (1846–1908), paediatrician, was born on 8 March 1846 at Carshalton, Surrey, the son of John Ashby, miller, and his wife, Charlotte Gibbard, both members of the Religious Society of Friends. Educated first at Ackworth School, near Pontefract, and from 1864 at the ...


Balfour, George William (1823–1903), physician and cardiologist  

G. A. Gibson

revised by Iain Milne

Balfour, George William (1823–1903), physician and cardiologist, was born at the manse, Sorn, Ayrshire, on 2 June 1823, the eighth of the thirteen children of Lewis Balfour DD and Henrietta Scott Balfour, third daughter of George Smith DD, the minister of Galston who was satirized by ...


Cover Balfour, George William (1823–1903)

Balfour, George William (1823–1903)  

Maker: Reginald Henry Campbell


George William Balfour (1823–1903) by Reginald Henry Campbell Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh


Cover Banister, Richard (c. 1570–1626)

Banister, Richard (c. 1570–1626)  

Maker: unknown artist


Richard Banister (c. 1570–1626) by unknown artist, c. 1620 reproduced by kind permission of the President and Council of the Royal College of Surgeons of London


Banister, Richard (c. 1570–1626), oculist  

Emilie Savage-Smith

Banister, Richard (c. 1570–1626), oculist, whose precise date and place of birth are unknown, was the son of Gabriel Banister. He was one of four brothers, two of whom died early, all apprenticed to surgeons or barber–surgeons. His grandfather was John Banister of ...


Bannister, Sir Roger Gilbert (1929–2018), athlete, neurologist, and college head  

Mel Watman and Alan Craft

Bannister, Sir Roger Gilbert (1929–2018), athlete, neurologist, and college head, was born on 23 March 1929 at Millbrook, Sumner Road, Harrow, Middlesex, the younger child and only son of Ralph Bannister (1894–1971), a civil servant then serving as a technical officer in the ...


Cover Bannister, Sir Roger Gilbert (1929–2018)

Bannister, Sir Roger Gilbert (1929–2018)  

Maker: Bettmann


Roger Bannister (1929–2018), by Bettmann, 1954

Getty Images


Bashford, Ernest Francis (1873–1923), oncologist  

M. P. Earles

Bashford, Ernest Francis (1873–1923), oncologist, was born on 21 November 1873 at High Lawn, Bowdon, Cheshire, the eldest son of William Taylor Bashford, photographer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Booth. He was educated at George Heriot's School before entering the University of Edinburgh...


Bastian, (Henry) Charlton (1837–1915), physician and neurologist  

Michael Worboys

Bastian, (Henry) Charlton (1837–1915), physician and neurologist, was born on 26 April 1837 in Truro, Cornwall, the third son in a family of four sons and one daughter of James Bastian, merchant, and his wife, Charlotte Eliza Bullmore. After attending school in Falmouth...


Bateman, Thomas (1778–1821), physician and dermatologist  

Geoffrey L. Asherson

Bateman, Thomas (1778–1821), physician and dermatologist, was born on 29 April 1778 at Whitby, Yorkshire, the only son of a surgeon with a medical practice in the town. Educated there by a dissenting minister, at the age of eleven Bateman attended a private school at ...


Baum, John David (1940–1999), paediatrician  

Roy Meadow

Baum, John David (1940–1999), paediatrician, was born at 28 Loveday Street, Birmingham, on 23 July 1940 to Isidor Baum (d. 1980), a gown manufacturer's traveller, and his wife, Mary, née Rosenberg (d. 1974), both immigrants from eastern Europe. He had three elder brothers and one younger sister, all of whom developed medical or scientific careers. ...


Beck, Diana Jean Kinloch (1900–1956), neurosurgeon  

Hugh Series

Beck, Diana Jean Kinloch (1900–1956), neurosurgeon, was born on 29 June 1900 at Hoole, Chester, the only girl of the three children of James Beck, a master draper of Scottish descent, and his wife, Margaret Helena Kinloch. From the Queen's School at Chester...


Beevor, Charles Edward (1854–1908), neurologist  

Leonard Guthrie

revised by Caroline Overy

Beevor, Charles Edward (1854–1908), neurologist, born in London on 12 June 1854, was the eldest son of Charles Beevor FRCS, and Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Burrell. He received his early education at Blackheath proprietary school and afterwards studied medicine at University College, London...