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Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918), dietitian and businessman  

T. A. B. Corley

Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918), dietitian and businessman, was born at 43 Rumford Street, Hulme, Lancashire, on 29 March 1858, the son of Thomas Allinson, a bookkeeper, and his wife, Ellen (formerly Sims). He left school at fifteen and, aiming to be a doctor, he subsidized his studies by becoming a chemist's assistant. In 1879 he graduated LRCP (...

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Cover Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918)

Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918)  

Maker: Ray

In 

Thomas Richard Allinson (1858–1918) by Ray, pubd 1911 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Banting, William (1796/7–1878), writer on diet  

Robert Harrison

revised by Virginia Smith

Banting, William (1796/7–1878), writer on diet, was a funeral director in St James's Street, London. He may have been the William Banting, son of Thomas Banting and his wife, Ann, who was baptized at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster, in December 1796. On 20 January 1818 he married at ...

Article

Chick, Dame Harriette (1875–1977), nutritionist  

H. M. Sinclair

revised by David F. Smith

Chick, Dame Harriette (1875–1977), nutritionist, was born at 5 Newman Street, London, on 6 January 1875, the fifth child and third daughter of the eleven children (four boys and seven girls) of Samuel Chick, a prosperous lace merchant and property owner, and his wife, ...

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Cover Chick, Dame Harriette (1875–1977)

Chick, Dame Harriette (1875–1977)  

Maker: Elliott & Fry

In 

Dame Harriette Chick (1875–1977) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Cuthbertson, Sir David Paton (1900–1989), medical researcher and nutritionist  

Adam Fleck

revised

Cuthbertson, Sir David Paton (1900–1989), medical researcher and nutritionist, was born on 9 May 1900 in Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, the only child of John Cuthbertson MBE FRSE, secretary of the West of Scotland Agricultural College, and his wife, Lilias Ann Bowman, formerly matron of ...

Article

Drummond, Sir Jack Cecil (1891–1952), nutritional biochemist  

H. M. Sinclair

revised by Peter Osborne

Drummond, Sir Jack Cecil (1891–1952), nutritional biochemist, was born at Leicester on 12 January 1891, the only child of John Drummond, a retired major of the Royal Horse Artillery, who died the following June. He was brought up by his aunt and her husband, ...

Article

Grant [née Cruickshank], Doris Margaret Louise (1905–2003), nutritionist  

Anne Pimlott Baker

Grant [née Cruickshank], Doris Margaret Louise (1905–2003), nutritionist, was born on 23 January 1905 in North Sandlaw, Aloah, Banff, Scotland, the youngest in the family of two sons and three daughters of William Cruickshank, a businessman who had returned from China to buy a farm and settle in ...

Article

Hollingsworth, Dorothy Frances (1916–1994), nutritionist and civil servant  

David F. Smith

Hollingsworth, Dorothy Frances (1916–1994), nutritionist and civil servant, was born on 10 May 1916 at 15 Honister Avenue, Newcastle upon Tyne, the daughter of Arthur Hollingsworth, pharmacist, and his wife, Dorothy Coldwell. After secondary education at Newcastle upon Tyne Church High School she entered ...

Article

Howard, Alan Norman (1929–2020), nutritionist  

Michael John Denham

Howard, Alan Norman (1929–2020), nutritionist, was born on 16 March 1929 at 65 Eade Road, Norwich, the elder son of Leonard Arthur Howard (1903–1980), a shoe pressman, later a draper’s salesman, and his wife Elsie Lilian, née Atkins (1903–1997), a tailor. His brother, ...

Article

Johnston, John Lawson (1839–1900), nutrition promoter and food manufacturer  

John Armstrong

Johnston, John Lawson (1839–1900), nutrition promoter and food manufacturer, was born in Roslin, Midlothian, Scotland, on 28 September 1839, the eldest son of William Johnston and his wife, Jane, née McWilliam. His father was employed in the nearby gunpowder works until he was injured, after which he worked as a cobbler. ...

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Cover Johnston, John Lawson (1839–1900)

Johnston, John Lawson (1839–1900)  

Maker: Elliott & Fry

In 

John Lawson Johnston (1839–1900) by Elliott & Fry, pubd 1900 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Kodicek, Egon Hynek (1908–1982), biochemist and nutritionist  

C. J. W. Brooks

Kodicek, Egon Hynek (1908–1982), biochemist and nutritionist, was born on 3 August 1908 in Kamenny Ujezd, Bohemia, the son of Emma and Samuel Kodicek. In 1915 his father, a doctor, moved with the family to Budweis, as medical chief of the military hospital there. ...

Article

Leitch, Isabella (1890–1980), nutritional physiologist  

Ann Silver

Leitch, Isabella (1890–1980), nutritional physiologist, was born on 13 February 1890 at Lambreck Cottage, Grantown-on-Spey, Moray, in Scotland. She was the third of six daughters (a son was stillborn) of John Leitch (d. 1907) and his wife, Isabella McLennan. At the time of her birth her father was a postmaster. He resigned when expected to deliver telegrams on the sabbath, and later worked as a marine engineer. ...

Article

McCarrison, Sir Robert (1878–1960), army medical officer and nutritional physiologist  

H. M. Sinclair

revised by Andrew A. G. Morrice

McCarrison, Sir Robert (1878–1960), army medical officer and nutritional physiologist, was born in Portadown, co. Armagh, on 15 March 1878, the second son of Robert McCarrison, a flax buyer, and his wife, Agnes McCullagh. He received his medical education at Queen's College, Belfast...

Article

Mottram, Vernon Henry (1882–1976), physiologist and nutritionist  

David F. Smith

Mottram, Vernon Henry (1882–1976), physiologist and nutritionist, was born at Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, on 14 March 1882, the youngest of three sons of William Mottram, a Congregational minister, and his second wife, Elizabeth Fruen, a schoolmistress. The family also included two sisters and a half-brother. ...

Article

Orr, John Boyd, Baron Boyd Orr (1880–1971), nutritional physiologist  

K. L. Blaxter

revised

Orr, John Boyd, Baron Boyd Orr (1880–1971), nutritional physiologist, was born on 23 September 1880 at Kilmaurs, Ayrshire, the middle child in the family of seven (a sister and two brothers were older and two brothers and a sister younger) of Robert Clark Orr...

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Cover Orr, John Boyd, Baron Boyd Orr (1880–1971)

Orr, John Boyd, Baron Boyd Orr (1880–1971)  

Maker: Lida Moser

John Boyd Orr, Baron Boyd Orr (1880–1971) by Lida Moser, 1949 courtesy Vincent Cianni Photographs / Lida Moser

Article

Sinclair, Hugh Macdonald (1910–1990), nutritionist  

Brian B. Lloyd

revised

Sinclair, Hugh Macdonald (1910–1990), nutritionist, was born on 4 February 1910 at Duddingston House, Edinburgh, the second son and youngest of four children of Colonel Hugh Montgomerie Sinclair, of the Royal Engineers, and his wife, Rosalie Sybil, daughter of Sir John Jackson, civil engineer and MP. He was educated at ...

Article

Stuart [née Fraser], Elma (1836/7–1903), woodcarver, nutritionist  

Ruth Brimacombe

Stuart [née Fraser], Elma (1836/7–1903), woodcarver, nutritionist, and confidante of George Eliot, was born Evorilda Eliza Maria Fraser, in Galashiels, Roxburghshire, the youngest daughter of William James Fraser (1797/8–1838), the owner of Ladhope estate in Roxburghshire, and his wife, ...