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Adams, John [alias Alexander Smith] (1768?–1829), seaman, mutineer, and settler  

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Adams, John [alias Alexander Smith] (1768?–1829), seaman, mutineer, and settler, was born in London probably in 1768 and was serving under the name of Smith as an able seaman on HMS Bounty at the time of the mutiny on 28 April 1789 [...

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Cover Adams, John (1768?–1829)

Adams, John (1768?–1829)  

Maker: Richard Beechey

In 

John Adams (1768?–1829) attrib. Richard Beechey, 1825 Phillips Picture Library

Article

Back, Sir George (1796–1878), naval officer and explorer  

A. H. Beesly

revised by Andrew Lambert

Back, Sir George (1796–1878), naval officer and explorer, was born on 6 November 1796 at Stockport, Cheshire, the second son of John Back (1766–1815) and his wife, Ann Cook (1760/61–1822). He entered the navy as midshipman of the Arethusa...

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Cover Back, Sir George (1796–1878)

Back, Sir George (1796–1878)  

Maker: Maull & Polyblank

Sir George Back (1796–1878) by Maull & Polyblank Howarth-Loomes Collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Barker, John (c. 1600–1653), naval officer and shipmaster  

J. K. Laughton

revised by Peter Le Fevre

Barker, John (c. 1600–1653), naval officer and shipmaster, was possibly related to the John Barker of Ratcliffe, Middlesex, shipmaster and captain of the Golden Cock who in 1629, aged forty-five, appeared before the admiralty court in connection with illegally seizing, and selling, a ship belonging to the ...

Article

Campbell, Victor Lindsey Arbuthnot (1875–1956), naval officer and Antarctic explorer  

H. G. R. King

Campbell, Victor Lindsey Arbuthnot (1875–1956), naval officer and Antarctic explorer, was born on 20 August 1875 at 16 Adelaide Crescent, Hove, Sussex, son of Captain Hugh Campbell RN, commander of the royal yacht Victoria and Albert, and his wife, Lucy Eleanor Archer. Educated at ...

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Cover Clapperton, Hugh (1788–1827)

Clapperton, Hugh (1788–1827)  

Maker: G. Manton

In 

Hugh Clapperton (1788–1827) by G. Manton Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Clapperton, Hugh (1788–1827), naval officer and traveller in Africa  

Christopher Fyfe

Clapperton, Hugh (1788–1827), naval officer and traveller in Africa, was born at Annan, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, the youngest son of George Clapperton, a surgeon, and his first wife, the daughter of John Johnstone. His mother died when he was a child, and his father remarried. Feckless (he fathered altogether twenty-one children), negligent of his medical practice, and, as a result, impoverished, his father left him to the charge of a spiteful stepmother who cared only for her own children. His schooling was neglected, and he learned little more than to read and write. Eventually the town schoolmaster gave him lessons in practical mathematics and navigation, and he taught himself to draw....

Article

Clerke, Charles (1743–1779), naval officer and circumnavigator  

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew C. F. David

Clerke, Charles (1743–1779), naval officer and circumnavigator, was born in Weatherfield, Essex, the son of Joseph Clerke, a farmer. He had a brother, Sir John Clerke, and a sister who married Paul Henry Maty. He entered the navy in 1755 as captain's servant and midshipman in the ...

Article

Clerke, Richard (fl. 1572–1596), navigator and privateer  

David B. Quinn

revised

Clerke, Richard (fl. 1572–1596), navigator and privateer, claimed to have been born at Buckhurst, Essex, but is generally referred to as 'of Weymouth'. He presumably learned his trade in the ships of the latter port, being master of the Pilgrim between ...

Article

Clifford, George, third earl of Cumberland (1558–1605), courtier and privateer  

Peter Holmes

Clifford, George, third earl of Cumberland (1558–1605), courtier and privateer, was born on 8 August 1558 in Brougham Castle, Westmorland, the eldest son of Henry Clifford, second earl of Cumberland (1517–1570), and his second wife, Anne (c.1538–1581), daughter of William, third Baron Dacre...

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Cover Clifford, George, third earl of Cumberland (1558–1605)

Clifford, George, third earl of Cumberland (1558–1605)  

Maker: Nicholas Hilliard

In 

George Clifford, third earl of Cumberland (1558–1605) by Nicholas Hilliard, c. 1590 © National Maritime Museum, London

Article

Collinson, Sir Richard (1811–1883), naval officer and explorer  

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Collinson, Sir Richard (1811–1883), naval officer and explorer, was born on 7 November 1811 at Gateshead, co. Durham, where his father, the Revd John Collinson (c.1791–1857), was rector. His mother was Amelia, née King (b. 1783), daughter of the philanthropist ...

Article

Coxere, Edward (bap. 1633, d. 1694), sailor  

Bernard Capp

Coxere, Edward (bap. 1633, d. 1694), sailor, was baptized on 16 June 1633 at St Mary's Church, Dover, the seventh (but second surviving) child of John Coxere (d. 1633), sailor, and his wife, Wealthan, née Peace. His mother, widowed when he was only five months old, quickly married a local cordwainer, ...

Article

Crow, Hugh (1765–1829), privateer and slave trader  

Elizabeth Baigent

Crow, Hugh (1765–1829), privateer and slave trader, was born in Ramsey, Isle of Man, the son of Edmund Crow (1730–1809), a tradesman, and his wife, Judith (1737–1807). He lost his right eye in infancy, but despite this was apprenticed to a boat builder in ...

Article

Crowdy, Edith Frances (1880–1947), travel agent and member of the Women's Royal Naval Service  

Lesley Thomas

Crowdy, Edith Frances (1880–1947), travel agent and member of the Women's Royal Naval Service, was born on 25 August 1880 at 79 Victoria Road, Wandsworth, London, one of the four daughters of James Crowdy, solicitor, and his wife, Mary Isabel Anne Fuidge. Educated at home, in 1912 she joined her younger sister ...

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Cover Crozier, Francis Rawdon Moira (1796–1848)

Crozier, Francis Rawdon Moira (1796–1848)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Francis Rawdon Moira Crozier (1796–1848) by unknown photographer, 1845 © National Maritime Museum, London

Article

Crozier, Francis Rawdon Moira (1796–1848), naval officer and polar explorer  

Elizabeth Baigent

Crozier, Francis Rawdon Moira (1796–1848), naval officer and polar explorer, was born on 17 September 1796 at Banbridge, co. Down, Ireland, the son of George Crozier (d. 1831), lawyer. He was the fifth son in the family and had at least two sisters. It seems probable that he was related to ...

Article

Davidson, William (c. 1756–1797), privateer  

Francis Watt

revised by Christopher Doorne

Davidson, William (c. 1756–1797), privateer, was born in Scotland; further details of his family and upbringing are unknown. In 1791 he was serving as an able seaman on the Niger, then commanded by Sir Richard Keats. Davidson was noted as a comparatively well-educated man of gloomy and silent disposition, but liable to sudden outbursts of temper. While the ship was at ...

Article

Dover, Thomas (bap. 1662, d. 1742), physician and privateer  

Samuel Pyeatt Menefee

Dover, Thomas (bap. 1662, d. 1742), physician and privateer, was baptized on 6 May 1662 at Barton on the Heath, Warwickshire, the third son of John Dover (bap. 1614, d. 1696), gentleman, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Vade. Thomas was grandson of ...