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Burge, William (1786–1849), barrister, slave owner, and anti-abolition advocate  

William Whyte

Burge, William (1786–1849), barrister, slave owner, and anti-abolition advocate, was born in Castle Cary, Somerset, on 18 April 1786, the eldest son in the family of three sons and six daughters of John Burge (1746–1810), stocking maker, and his wife, Elizabeth (1760–1804), daughter of the ...

Article

Butterworth, William (1769–1834), slave-ship sailor and engraver  

Philip Astley

Butterworth, William (1769–1834), slave-ship sailor and engraver, was born on 2 October 1769 at 55 Kirkgate, Leeds, Yorkshire, the second of five children of the Leeds engraver and copperplate printer John Butterworth, who had set up in business in Leeds in 1758. William...

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Cover Butterworth, William (1769–1834)

Butterworth, William (1769–1834)  

In 

William Butterworth (1769–1834) self-portrait, pubd 1823 © reserved

Article

Codrington, Christopher (1639/40–1698), planter, slave owner, and colonial official  

Andrew J. O'Shaughnessy

Codrington, Christopher (1639/40–1698), planter, slave owner, and colonial official, was born in Barbados, the son of Christopher Codrington (d. 1656), a planter and land speculator in Barbados, and Frances Drax, the sister of the prominent planter Sir James Drax. Nothing is known of his wife, ...

Article

Codrington, Christopher (1668–1710), colonial governor, plantation and slave owner and benefactor  

Scott Mandelbrote

Codrington, Christopher (1668–1710), colonial governor, plantation and slave owner and benefactor, was born in the parish of St John, Barbados, the elder son of Christopher Codrington (1639/40–1698), member of the council and later deputy governor of Barbados and governor-general of the Leeward Islands...

Article

Colston, Edward (1636–1721), merchant, slave trader, and philanthropist  

Kenneth Morgan

Colston, Edward (1636–1721), merchant, slave trader, and philanthropist, was born on 2 November 1636 in Temple Street, Bristol, the eldest of probably eleven children (six boys and five girls) of William Colston (1608–1681), a merchant, and his wife, Sarah, née Batten...

Article

Crow, Hugh (1765–1829), privateer and slave trader  

Elizabeth Baigent

Crow, Hugh (1765–1829), privateer and slave trader, was born in Ramsey, Isle of Man, the son of Edmund Crow (1730–1809), a tradesman, and his wife, Judith (1737–1807). He lost his right eye in infancy, but despite this was apprenticed to a boat builder in ...

Article

Dalzel [formerly Dalziel], Archibald (1740–1818), historian and slave trader  

James A. Rawley

Dalzel [formerly Dalziel], Archibald (1740–1818), historian and slave trader, was born in Kirkliston, Linlithgowshire, Scotland, on 23 October 1740, the eldest of the five children of William Dalziel (d. 1751) and his wife, Alice Linn. After being educated as a medical doctor in ...

Article

Davenport, William (1725–1797), merchant and slave-trader  

David Richardson

Davenport, William (1725–1797), merchant and slave-trader, was born in Red Lion Square, London, in October 1725, the fourth of the eleven children of Davies Davenport (1696–1740), a gentleman, of Woodford and Marton, near Nantwich, Cheshire, and his wife, Penelope (c.1700–1737), the daughter and heir of ...

Article

Grant, Sir Alexander Cray, eighth baronet (1782–1854), planter and slave owner in the West Indies and politician  

John C. Appleby

Grant, Sir Alexander Cray, eighth baronet (1782–1854), planter and slave owner in the West Indies and politician, was born on 30 November 1782 at Bowring's Leigh, Devon, the eldest son of Sir Alexander Grant, seventh baronet (d. 1825), and his wife, Sarah...

Article

Harris, Richard (d. 1734), slave trader and lobbyist  

James A. Rawley

Harris, Richard (d. 1734), slave trader and lobbyist, is of obscure ancestry. He was in St Kitts in the West Indies in 1694, where he observed that French privateers, by intercepting provisions from British North America, caused Barbados planters 'to suffer much & their Negroes perish for want...

Article

Home, Ninian (1732–1795), planter, slave owner, and colonial governor  

Kit Candlin

Home, Ninian (1732–1795), planter, slave owner, and colonial governor, was born at Duns, Berwickshire, on 22 December 1732, the son of Alexander Home (1709–1769) of Jardinefield, Duns, and his wife, Isabel Home (1706–1759), daughter of George Home of Wedderburn...

Article

Irving, James (1759–1791), naval surgeon and slave trader  

Suzanne Schwarz

Irving, James (1759–1791), naval surgeon and slave trader, was born at Langholm, Dumfriesshire, on 15 December 1759, the third and only surviving child of John Irving (1731?–1807), blacksmith and innkeeper, and his wife, Isobel, née Little (1725?–1791). As a surgeon and captain in the ...

Article

Macdonnell, Alexander (1798–1835), chess player  

Thomas Seccombe

revised by Julian Lock

Macdonnell, Alexander (1798–1835), chess player and propagandist for slave owners, was born in Belfast, the son of Alexander Macdonnell (d. 21 April 1843), a Belfast physician. He was intended for a career in commerce, and carried on an extensive business at Demerara...

Article

Markland, James Heywood (1788–1864), antiquary, bibliophile, and pro-slavery publicist  

W. P. Courtney

revised by Bernard Nurse

Markland, James Heywood (1788–1864), antiquary, bibliophile, and pro-slavery publicist, was born at Ardwick Green, Manchester, on 7 December 1788, the fourth and youngest son of Robert Markland (1747–1828), a check and fustian manufacturer at Manchester, who afterwards succeeded to the estate of ...

Article

Newton, John (1725–1807), slave trader and Church of England clergyman  

D. Bruce Hindmarsh

Newton, John (1725–1807), slave trader and Church of England clergyman, was born on 24 July 1725 in Wapping, London, the only child of John Newton (d. 1750), master mariner in the Mediterranean trade, and his first wife, Elizabeth (1705?–1732), whose maiden name was probably ...

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Cover Newton, John (1725–1807)

Newton, John (1725–1807)  

Maker: Joseph Collyer the younger

In 

John Newton (1725–1807) by Joseph Collyer the younger, 1807 (after John Russell, 1788) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Tarleton, John (1755–1841), merchant, slave trader, and politician  

David Richardson

Tarleton, John (1755–1841), merchant, slave trader, and politician, was born at Liverpool, the third of the seven children of John Tarleton (1719–1773), a merchant and shipowner, who was a slave trader and slave owner in Grenada, and his wife, Jane Parker (1726–1797...

Article

Taylor, Simon (1739–1813), slave owner and politician  

Christer Petley

Taylor, Simon (1739–1813), slave owner and politician, was born on 23 December 1739 in Kingston, Jamaica, the eldest of the five children of Patrick Taylor, formerly Tailzour, and his wife, Martha, née Taylor. He was baptized in Kingston on 22 January 1740. His father was from a modest background and had emigrated from ...