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Andrews, Thomas (1847–1907), metallurgist and ironmaster  

Geoffrey Tweedale

Andrews, Thomas (1847–1907), metallurgist and ironmaster, was born at 19 Carver Street, Sheffield, on 16 February 1847, the only son of Thomas Andrews and his wife, Mary Bolsover. Thomas Andrews senior was a partner in the Wortley ironworks and the Wortley Silkstone colliery...

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See Industrial spies

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Angus, Robert (1835/6–1923), coal- and ironmaster  

Robert D. Corrins

Angus, Robert (1835/6–1923), coal- and ironmaster, was probably born at New Monkland, Lanarkshire, the eldest son of James Angus, a labourer and engine-keeper, and Margaret Young. His parents married in November 1835, and Angus may have been conceived, or even born, before the marriage. Educated at ...

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Cover Attwood, Charles (1791–1875)

Attwood, Charles (1791–1875)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Charles Attwood (1791–1875) by unknown artist © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Attwood, Charles (1791–1875), ironmaster  

J. K. Almond

Attwood, Charles (1791–1875), ironmaster, was born on 25 January 1791 at Hawne House near Halesowen, the sixth of seven sons and eighth of ten surviving children of Matthias Attwood (1746–1836) and his wife, Ann (1752–1835), daughter of Thomas Adams of Cakemore near Halesowen...

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Bacon, Anthony (bap. 1717, d. 1786), merchant and ironmaster  

Jacob M. Price

Bacon, Anthony (bap. 1717, d. 1786), merchant and ironmaster, the son of William Bacon and his wife, Elizabeth Richardson, was baptized at St Bees, Cumberland, on 24 January 1717. His father and grandfather Thomas were ships' captains in the coal trade between Whitehaven...

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Baird, James (1802–1876), ironmaster and philanthropist  

Arthur H. Grant

revised by Iain F. Russell

Baird, James (1802–1876), ironmaster and philanthropist, was born at Kirkwood in Lanarkshire on 5 December 1802, the fourth son of Alexander Baird (d. 1833), farmer, and Jean, the daughter of James Moffat. He attended the Old Monkland parish school, and may have attended classes at ...

Article

Beecroft [née Skirrow], Elizabeth [Betty] (1748–1812), iron manufacturer and butter seller  

Robert Brown

Beecroft [née Skirrow], Elizabeth [Betty] (1748–1812), iron manufacturer and butter seller, was born Elizabeth Skirrow, and had at least one brother. She married George Beecroft (1739–1820), a respected tenant farmer, and together they lived at Bramley in Yorkshire, close to Leeds, with ...

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Cover Bolckow, Henry William Ferdinand (1806–1878)

Bolckow, Henry William Ferdinand (1806–1878)  

Maker: James Andrews

In 

Henry William Ferdinand Bolckow (1806–1878), by James Andrews, 1854

Middlesbrough Council

Article

Bolckow, Henry William Ferdinand (1806–1878), ironmaster and philanthropist  

Gillian Cookson

Bolckow, Henry William Ferdinand (1806–1878), ironmaster and philanthropist, was born in Sulten in the north German duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, on 8 December 1806, one of at least seven children of Heinrich Bölckow, gentleman, of Varchow, Mecklenburg, and his wife, Caroline Dussher. After a private education, in about ...

Article

Brooke [Brook], Sir Basil (1576–1646), iron-founder and royalist conspirator  

Martyn Bennett

Brooke [Brook], Sir Basil (1576–1646), iron-founder and royalist conspirator, was probably born at Madeley in Shropshire, the eldest son of John Brooke and his wife, Anne, daughter of Francis Shirley of Staunton Harold, Leicestershire. He married Etheldreda Brudenell, daughter of Sir Edmund Brudenell...

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Cover Buttall, Jonathan (1752–1805)

Buttall, Jonathan (1752–1805)  

Maker: Thomas Gainsborough

In 

Jonathan Buttall (1752–1805) by Thomas Gainsborough, c. 1770 [The blue boy] courtesy of the Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, California

Article

Buttall, Jonathan (1752–1805), ironmonger  

David Tyler

Buttall, Jonathan (1752–1805), ironmonger, the possible subject of Thomas Gainsborough's painting The Blue Boy, was the eldest of the three sons of Jonathan Buttall (d. 1768), ironmonger, and Elizabeth, née Higgins (d. 1780). He was probably born at the family's house in ...

Article

Cadell family (per. c. 1740–1934), coal and ironmasters, engineers and geologists geologist  

Patrick Cadell

Cadell family (per. c. 1740–1934), coal and ironmasters, engineers and geologists, came to prominence with William [i] Cadell (1668–1728), who appeared in Haddington as a journeyman glazier in 1701, and became a burgess there in 1704 by right of his father-in-law....

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See Cadell family

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Capper, James (1829–1895), ironworker and trade unionist  

Eric Taylor

Capper, James (1829–1895), ironworker and trade unionist, was born Rugeley, Staffordshire, where he was baptized on 30 December 1829, the son of James Capper, hatter, and his wife, Sarah. He started work at the age of eight in the Toll End ironworks, Tipton...

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Carroll, Charles [known as Charles Carroll of Annapolis] (1702–1782), planter and ironmaster in America  

Ronald Hoffman

Carroll, Charles [known as Charles Carroll of Annapolis] (1702–1782), planter and ironmaster in America, was born on 2 April 1702, in Annapolis, Maryland, the second surviving son of Charles Carroll the Settler (1661–1720), proprietary agent, merchant, planter, moneylender, and lawyer, and Mary, ...

Article

Cockshutt family (act. 1739–1819), ironmasters  

Gillian Cookson

Cockshutt family (act. 1739–1819), ironmasters, leased and managed Wortley forge, on the upper reaches of the River Don north of Sheffield, Yorkshire, from 1739 to 1819. The forge was central to a largely rural iron-working district noted for nail-making and wire-drawing. The eighteenth-century forge occupied half a dozen riverside sites, an evolving complex of ...