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Andrews, Thomas (1847–1907), metallurgist and ironmaster  

Geoffrey Tweedale

Andrews, Thomas (1847–1907), metallurgist and ironmaster, was born at 19 Carver Street, Sheffield, on 16 February 1847, the only son of Thomas Andrews and his wife, Mary Bolsover. Thomas Andrews senior was a partner in the Wortley ironworks and the Wortley Silkstone colliery...

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See Industrial spies

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Angus, Robert (1835/6–1923), coal- and ironmaster  

Robert D. Corrins

Angus, Robert (1835/6–1923), coal- and ironmaster, was probably born at New Monkland, Lanarkshire, the eldest son of James Angus, a labourer and engine-keeper, and Margaret Young. His parents married in November 1835, and Angus may have been conceived, or even born, before the marriage. Educated at ...

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Cover Attwood, Charles (1791–1875)

Attwood, Charles (1791–1875)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Charles Attwood (1791–1875) by unknown artist © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Attwood, Charles (1791–1875), ironmaster  

J. K. Almond

Attwood, Charles (1791–1875), ironmaster, was born on 25 January 1791 at Hawne House near Halesowen, the sixth of seven sons and eighth of ten surviving children of Matthias Attwood (1746–1836) and his wife, Ann (1752–1835), daughter of Thomas Adams of Cakemore near Halesowen...

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Bacon, Anthony (bap. 1717, d. 1786), merchant and ironmaster  

Jacob M. Price

Bacon, Anthony (bap. 1717, d. 1786), merchant and ironmaster, the son of William Bacon and his wife, Elizabeth Richardson, was baptized at St Bees, Cumberland, on 24 January 1717. His father and grandfather Thomas were ships' captains in the coal trade between Whitehaven...

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Baird, James (1802–1876), ironmaster and philanthropist  

Arthur H. Grant

revised by Iain F. Russell

Baird, James (1802–1876), ironmaster and philanthropist, was born at Kirkwood in Lanarkshire on 5 December 1802, the fourth son of Alexander Baird (d. 1833), farmer, and Jean, the daughter of James Moffat. He attended the Old Monkland parish school, and may have attended classes at ...

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Balfour, Arthur, first Baron Riverdale (1873–1957), steel maker and industrialist  

Mary Walton

revised by Geoffrey Tweedale

Balfour, Arthur, first Baron Riverdale (1873–1957), steel maker and industrialist, was, by his own account, born in London on 9 January 1873. For some years his parentage was a mystery. He went to Sheffield in 1882 as an ‘orphan’ with Mary Fraser (1847–1906)...

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Cover Balfour, Arthur, first Baron Riverdale (1873–1957)

Balfour, Arthur, first Baron Riverdale (1873–1957)  

Maker: Harold Knight

In 

Arthur Balfour, first Baron Riverdale (1873–1957) by Harold Knight, 1936 © reserved; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Banner, Sir John Sutherland Harmood-, first baronet (1847–1927), accountant and steel maker  

Geoffrey Tweedale

Banner, Sir John Sutherland Harmood-, first baronet (1847–1927), accountant and steel maker, was born at Dingle Mount, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, on 8 September 1847, the second son of Harmood Walcot Banner (1814–1878), an accountant, and his wife, Margaret, née Sutherland. The family were prosperous members of the ...

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Beecroft [née Skirrow], Elizabeth [Betty] (1748–1812), iron manufacturer and butter seller  

Robert Brown

Beecroft [née Skirrow], Elizabeth [Betty] (1748–1812), iron manufacturer and butter seller, was born Elizabeth Skirrow, and had at least one brother. She married George Beecroft (1739–1820), a respected tenant farmer, and together they lived at Bramley in Yorkshire, close to Leeds, with ...

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Bell, Sir (Isaac) Lowthian, first baronet (1816–1904), iron and steel manufacturer  

Geoffrey Tweedale

Bell, Sir (Isaac) Lowthian, first baronet (1816–1904), iron and steel manufacturer, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne on 15 February 1816, the eldest of four sons (out of seven children) of Thomas Bell (1774–1845), chemical and iron manufacturer, and his wife, Catherine, née...

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Cover Bell, Sir (Isaac) Lowthian, first baronet (1816–1904)

Bell, Sir (Isaac) Lowthian, first baronet (1816–1904)  

Maker: Elliott & Fry

In 

Sir (Isaac) Lowthian Bell, first baronet (1816–1904) by Elliott & Fry, 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bessemer, Sir Henry (1813–1898), steel maker  

Geoffrey Tweedale

Bessemer, Sir Henry (1813–1898), steel maker, was born on 19 January 1813 at Charlton, near Hitchin, Hertfordshire, the only son of Anthony and Elizabeth Bessemer (a surname said to have been of Huguenot origin). He had an elder sister. According to Henry Bessemer...

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Cover Bessemer, Sir Henry (1813–1898)

Bessemer, Sir Henry (1813–1898)  

Maker: London Stereoscopic Co.

In 

Sir Henry Bessemer (1813–1898) by London Stereoscopic Co. © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cover Bolckow, Henry William Ferdinand (1806–1878)

Bolckow, Henry William Ferdinand (1806–1878)  

Maker: James Andrews

In 

Henry William Ferdinand Bolckow (1806–1878), by James Andrews, 1854

Middlesbrough Council

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Bolckow, Henry William Ferdinand (1806–1878), ironmaster and philanthropist  

Gillian Cookson

Bolckow, Henry William Ferdinand (1806–1878), ironmaster and philanthropist, was born in Sulten in the north German duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, on 8 December 1806, one of at least seven children of Heinrich Bölckow, gentleman, of Varchow, Mecklenburg, and his wife, Caroline Dussher. After a private education, in about ...

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Boulton, Matthew (1728–1809), manufacturer and entrepreneur  

Jennifer Tann

Boulton, Matthew (1728–1809), manufacturer and entrepreneur, was born on 14 September 1728 at New Hall Walk, Snow Hill, Birmingham, one of four children, three of whom survived to adulthood, of Matthew Boulton (d. 1759), toy manufacturer and merchant, and his wife, Christiana Piers (...