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Johnes, Thomas (1748–1816), agriculturist and translator, was born at Ludlow, Shropshire, on 20 August 1748, the eldest son of Thomas Johnes (1727–1780) of Llanfair Clydogau and Croft Castle, Herefordshire, member of parliament for Radnorshire, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1813), daughter of ...


Locke, Richard (1737–1806), agriculturist and antiquary, was born at Burnham-on-Sea, Somerset, on 6 June 1737, the son of Richard and Hannah Locke and the great-nephew of the philosopher John Locke. He described himself as 'a self-taught individual of inferior ability but possessed of a laborious turn of mind...


G. C. Boase

revised by David Knight

Low, David (1786–1859), agricultural economist, was born on 25 November 1786, probably at Woodend, Berwickshire, the eldest son of Alexander Low, land agent, of Laws, Berwickshire, and his wife, Susan Anderson. He was educated at Perth Academy and the University of Edinburgh. He assisted his father on his farms, and soon showed special aptitude as a land agent and valuer. In 1817 he published ...


M. G. Watkins

revised by Jonathan Brown

Randall, Joseph (d. 1789), schoolmaster and agriculturist, is of unknown origins. In 1740 he started a boarding-school for boys at Heath, near Wakefield, which he described in detail in An Account of the Academy at Heath (1750). His school could accommodate 130 boarders, with a further 30 or 40 pupils boarded out in the village. The staff of ten masters and assistants taught an extensive range of subjects that included English, Latin, and history, mathematics, geography, astronomy, and natural and experimental philosophy. ...


G. A. J. Cole

revised by V. E. Chancellor

Solly, Edward (1819–1886), chemist, agronomist, and antiquary, was born in London, on 11 October 1819, the son of Edward Solly (c.1790–c.1847), a wealthy Baltic timber merchant of Berlin and St Mary Axe, London. Sarah Solly, who made a significant bequest to the ...