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Article

Appold, John George (1800–1865), fur dyer and engineer  

Colin A. Hempstead

Appold, John George (1800–1865), fur dyer and engineer, was born on 14 April 1800 at 23 Wilson Street, Finsbury Square, London, the third of seven children of Christian Appold, (1758/9–1834), fur dyer, and his first wife Hannah née Titford (1771/2–1810...

Article

Baret, Thomas (1636–1711), merchant and textile manufacturer  

Siobhan Talbott

Baret, Thomas (1636–1711), merchant and textile manufacturer, was born in 1636 into a family of minor Suffolk gentry who had settled in Norwich in the mid-sixteenth century. He was the son of Thomas Baret (1597–1684), a mercer, alderman and mayor of ...

Article

Barron, (Mabel) Phyllis (1890–1964), designer and textile printer  

Barley Roscoe

Barron, (Mabel) Phyllis (1890–1964), designer and textile printer, was born on 19 March 1890 in Taplow, Buckinghamshire, the younger of two daughters of Walter Barron and his wife, Alice Maud Marguerite, formerly Clark, of Taplow House, Taplow. She was to describe her family as '...

Article

Bell, Thomas (fl. 1783–1784), inventor of cylinder printing in the textile industry  

Ian Donnachie

Bell, Thomas (fl. 1783–1784), inventor of cylinder printing in the textile industry, was probably born in Scotland. He became a copperplate-engraver and printer, and by the 1780s he was living at Mosney, then at Walton-le-Dale, near Preston, an important region of calico printing. His move to ...

Article

Beveridge, Erskine (1851–1920), textile manufacturer and antiquary  

Chris Neale

Beveridge, Erskine (1851–1920), textile manufacturer and antiquary, was born on 27 December 1851 at Priory House, Dunfermline, Fife, the eldest of the four children of Erskine Beveridge (1803–1864) and his second wife, Maria Elizabeth Wilson (1816–1873). He was educated at the Free Abbey School, Dunfermline...

Article

See Bowler, William

Article

Bowler, William (1808–1878), hatter and feltmaker  

Susie Hopkins

Bowler, William (1808–1878), hatter and feltmaker, was born on 25 January 1808 in Denton, Lancashire, and baptized there on 20 March, one of nine children of William Bowler, hatter, and his wife, Esther, née Catlow, who had married in Manchester Cathedral in 1798. The family descended from a long line of hatters in the ...

Article

Clark, George Aitken (1823–1873), thread manufacturer and philanthropist  

T. F. Henderson

revised by Anita McConnell

Clark, George Aitken (1823–1873), thread manufacturer and philanthropist, born on 9 August 1823, in Paisley, Renfrewshire, was a son of John Clark, thread manufacturer. He was educated at Paisley grammar school, and while still a lad was in 1840 sent across the Atlantic...

Article

Coats, Thomas (1809–1883), thread manufacturer and benefactor  

John Butt

Coats, Thomas (1809–1883), thread manufacturer and benefactor, was born at Ferguslie, Paisley, Renfrewshire, on 18 October 1809, the fourth of at least six sons of James Coats (1774–1857), one of the founders of the Paisley thread industry, and Catherine Mitchell (d. 1857)...

Image

Cover Coats, Thomas (1809–1883)

Coats, Thomas (1809–1883)  

Maker: Sir Daniel Macnee

In 

Thomas Coats (1809–1883) by Sir Daniel Macnee, 1881 Paisley Museum and Art Galleries, Renfrewshire Council

Article

Crane, Sir Francis (c. 1579–1636), courtier and tapestry manufacturer  

Wendy Hefford

Crane, Sir Francis (c. 1579–1636), courtier and tapestry manufacturer, is first recorded in 1606. His name does not appear in registers of admissions to Oxford, Cambridge, or the inns of court until 1619, when he was admitted to Gray's Inn. A memorial tablet in the church at ...

Image

Cover Crompton, Samuel (1753–1827)

Crompton, Samuel (1753–1827)  

Maker: Samuel William Reynolds senior

In 

Samuel Crompton (1753–1827) by Samuel William Reynolds senior, pubd 1828 (after Charles Allingham) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Crompton, Samuel (1753–1827), inventor of the spinning mule  

D. A. Farnie

Crompton, Samuel (1753–1827), inventor of the spinning mule, was born at Firwood Fold, Tonge, near Bolton, Lancashire, on 3 December 1753, the eldest son of George Crompton (1726–1758) and Elizabeth Holt (1725–1799) of nearby Turton. Firwood Farm had been held by Cromptons since Tudor times; ...

Article

Cutler, Ann (1759–1794), hand-loom weaver and Methodist evangelist  

Henry D. Rack

Cutler, Ann (1759–1794), hand-loom weaver and Methodist evangelist, was born in Thornley, near Longridge, in the parish of Chipping, Lancashire; nothing is known of her parents. After living a strict, moral life she was converted in 1785 by the revivalist Wesleyan William Bramwell...

Article

Devine [née Blackley], Rachel (1875–1960), weaver and trade unionist  

Graham R. Smith

Devine [née Blackley], Rachel (1875–1960), weaver and trade unionist, was born on 13 February 1875 at Dudhope Crescent, Dundee, the daughter of John Blackley, yarn dresser, and his wife, Rachel McClellan. She became a weaver, and married John Devine, a cabinet-maker.

Active as a trade unionist, ...

Article

Duncan, John (1794–1881), hand-loom weaver and botanist  

Anne Secord

Duncan, John (1794–1881), hand-loom weaver and botanist, was born on 19 December 1794 at Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, the illegitimate son of John Duncan, weaver and soldier, from Drumlithie, and Ann Caird (c.1773–c.1830), also of Drumlithie, who decided to support herself and her child by weaving stockings and harvesting at nearby ...

Image

Cover Duncan, John (1794–1881)

Duncan, John (1794–1881)  

Maker: unknown engraver

In 

John Duncan (1794–1881) by unknown engraver, c. 1865–6 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Garnett, Thomas (1799–1878), textile manufacturer and naturalist  

Richard Garnett

revised by Giles Hudson

Garnett, Thomas (1799–1878), textile manufacturer and naturalist, was born at Otley, Yorkshire, on 18 January 1799, the son of William Garnett, paper manufacturer, and his wife Mary, née Rhodes. He was the younger brother of Richard Garnett (1789–1850) and Jeremiah Garnett (1793–1870). In his early days he supported himself by weaving pieces on his own account, but about 1820 he obtained employment in the cotton-spinning establishment of ...

Article

Hargreaves, James (bap. 1721, d. 1778), inventor of the spinning jenny  

Christopher Aspin

Hargreaves, James (bap. 1721, d. 1778), inventor of the spinning jenny, was born in Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire, and baptized at Church Kirk on 8 January 1721. His exact birthplace is unknown, and apart from the fact that he became a hand-loom weaver, little has been discovered of his early life. His parents had one other child, ...

Article

Hill, Samuel (bap. 1678, d. 1759), textile manufacturer  

John A. Hargreaves

Hill, Samuel (bap. 1678, d. 1759), textile manufacturer, was born in Soyland in the West Riding of Yorkshire and baptized on 7 September 1678 in the parish of Elland, Yorkshire, the son of James and Deborah (1657–1741) Hill of Soyland. His early life and education remain obscure though his later financial accounts and commercial correspondence demonstrate his proficiency in bookkeeping, set down in a distinctive, florid script, with long quill strokes and decorative capitals. In 1706 he purchased a remote seventeenth-century farmstead at ...