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Brittain, Sir Henry Ernest [Harry] (1873–1974), journalist and politician  

Anne Pimlott Baker

Brittain, Sir Henry Ernest [Harry] (1873–1974), journalist and politician, was born on 24 December 1873 at Storth Oaks, Ranmoor, near Sheffield, Yorkshire, the oldest surviving child in the family of two sons and three daughters (one daughter died in infancy) of William Henry Brittain (1835–1922)...

Article

Brockway, (Archibald) Fenner, Baron Brockway (1888–1988), politician and campaigner  

David Howell

revised

Brockway, (Archibald) Fenner, Baron Brockway (1888–1988), politician and campaigner, was born on 1 November 1888 in Calcutta, the only son and eldest of three children of the Revd William George Brockway, London Missionary Society missionary, and his wife, Frances Elizabeth, daughter of William Abbey...

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Cover Brockway, (Archibald) Fenner, Baron Brockway (1888–1988)

Brockway, (Archibald) Fenner, Baron Brockway (1888–1988)  

Maker: Bassano

(Archibald) Fenner Brockway, Baron Brockway (1888–1988) by Bassano, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Carrie, Isabella Scrimgeour (1878–1981), suffragette and schoolteacher  

Sheila Hamilton

Carrie, Isabella Scrimgeour (1878–1981), suffragette and schoolteacher, was born on 3 May 1878 at 26 Wardmill Road in the parish of St Vigeans, Arbroath, the daughter of Richard Carrie (c.1836–1912), bleachfield worker, and his wife, Ann Robertson Harris (c.1842–1903)...

Article

Des Barres, Joseph Frederick Wallet (1721–1824), hydrographer and colonial official  

Roger T. Stearn

Des Barres, Joseph Frederick Wallet (1721–1824), hydrographer and colonial official, was born in November 1721, either in Basel, Switzerland, or in Paris, the eldest child of Joseph-Léonard Vallet des Barres, a Huguenot, and his wife, Anne-Catherine, née Cuvier. He was baptized Joseph-Frédéric Vallet...

Article

Fry [formerly Freund], Richard Henry (1900–2002), financial and political journalist  

William M. Clarke

Fry [formerly Freund], Richard Henry (1900–2002), financial and political journalist, was born Richard Freund on 23 September 1900 in Berlin, the son of Rudolf Freund, a brewer and general merchant, and his wife, Betty. Both parents were from Bohemia, then part of the Austro-Hungarian empire. He had one brother. Although his father ran a brewery in ...

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Cover Grant, Julia Anne (1954–2019)

Grant, Julia Anne (1954–2019)  

Maker: Eric Harlow

In 

Julia Grant (1954–2019), by Eric Harlow, 1980

Mirrorpix

Article

Grant, Julia Anne (1954–2019), trans rights activist, author, and ceramics distributor  

David Pearson

Grant, Julia Anne (1954–2019), trans rights activist, author, and ceramics distributor, was born George William Roberts at Victoria Hospital, Blackpool, Lancashire, on 23 September 1954, the eldest of eight children of George Frederick (Phillip) Roberts, a deep sea trawlerman, and his wife, Agnes Jessie (Jessica), ...

Article

Greville [née Maynard], Frances Evelyn [Daisy], countess of Warwick (1861–1938), society beauty and socialist  

K. D. Reynolds

Greville [née Maynard], Frances Evelyn [Daisy], countess of Warwick (1861–1938), society beauty and socialist, was born at 27 Berkeley Square, London, on 10 December 1861, the elder of the two daughters of Colonel Charles Maynard (1814–1865), only son and heir of the ...

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Cover Greville, Frances Evelyn, countess of Warwick (1861–1938)

Greville, Frances Evelyn, countess of Warwick (1861–1938)  

Maker: John Singer Sargent

In 

Frances Evelyn Greville, countess of Warwick (1861–1938) by John Singer Sargent, 1905 [with son] Worcester Art Museum, Massachusetts, USA / Bridgeman Art Library

Article

Hodgson, William (1763/4?–1851), politician and author  

Thompson Cooper

revised by Stephen M. Lee

Hodgson, William (1763/4?–1851), politician and author, was descended from an 'ancient border family' (GM), and in early life studied medicine in the Netherlands, where he developed an interest in botany. On his return to England he attended with success, through a severe illness, a member of ...

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Cover Mitchison, Naomi Mary Margaret, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999)

Mitchison, Naomi Mary Margaret, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999)  

Maker: Wyndham Lewis

In 

Naomi Mary Margaret Mitchison, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999) by Wyndham Lewis, 1938 © Wyndham Lewis Memorial Trust

Article

Mitchison [née Haldane], Naomi Mary Margaret, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999), writer and social activist  

Elizabeth Maslen

Mitchison [née Haldane], Naomi Mary Margaret, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999), writer and social activist, was born on 1 November 1897 at 10 Randolph Crescent, Edinburgh, the younger child of John Scott Haldane (1860–1936), physiologist, and his wife, (Louisa) Kathleen (1863–1961), an active suffragist, daughter of ...

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Cover Montefiore, Sir Moses Haim (1784–1885)

Montefiore, Sir Moses Haim (1784–1885)  

Maker: Elliott & Fry

In 

Sir Moses Haim Montefiore (1784–1885) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Montefiore, Sir Moses Haim (1784–1885), financier and Jewish community leader  

Geoffrey Alderman

Montefiore, Sir Moses Haim (1784–1885), financier and Jewish community leader, the eldest son of Joseph Elias Montefiore, a London businessman, and Rachel, the daughter of Abraham Lumbroso de Mattos Mocatta, was born in Leghorn, Italy (during a visit there by his parents), on 24 October 1784. On his father's side ...

Article

O'Brien [née Raffalovich], Sophie (1860–1960), author and Irish nationalist  

Sally Warwick-Haller

O'Brien [née Raffalovich], Sophie (1860–1960), author and Irish nationalist, born on 16 January 1860 in Odessa, was the only daughter of Hermann Raffalovich (d. 1893), a wealthy Russian Jewish banker to the tsar, and his wife, Marie (d. 1921). Sophie...

Article

Raczyński, Count Edward Bernard Andrzej Maria (1891–1993), Polish diplomatist and president-in-exile  

Jason Tomes

Raczyński, Count Edward Bernard Andrzej Maria (1891–1993), Polish diplomatist and president-in-exile, was born on 19 December 1891 at Zakopane, Galicia, Austria–Hungary, the younger son of Edward Aleksander Raczyński, third Count Raczyński-Raczyński (1847–1926), landowner and patron of the arts, and his second wife, Countess Róẓa Krasińska, ...

Article

Schuster, Sir George Ernest (1881–1982), government adviser  

Oliver Van Oss

revised

Schuster, Sir George Ernest (1881–1982), government adviser, was born on 25 April 1881 in Hampstead, London, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Ernest Joseph Schuster (1850–1924), barrister, and his wife, Hilda, daughter of Sir Hermann Weber MD. His father came from a Jewish family of bankers who had left ...

Article

Shinwell, Emanuel, Baron Shinwell (1884–1986), politician  

Kenneth O. Morgan

revised

Shinwell, Emanuel, Baron Shinwell (1884–1986), politician, was born on 18 October 1884 in Spitalfields, London, the eldest in a family of thirteen children of Samuel Shinwell, a clothing manufacturer of Polish-Jewish origin, and his Dutch wife, Rose Konigswinter. The family moved to Glasgow...

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Cover Shinwell, Emanuel, Baron Shinwell (1884–1986)

Shinwell, Emanuel, Baron Shinwell (1884–1986)  

Maker: Walter Bird

Emanuel Shinwell, Baron Shinwell (1884–1986) by Walter Bird, 1958 © National Portrait Gallery, London