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See Henry Frederick, Prince, duke of Cumberland and Strathearn

Article

Arthur (supp. fl. in or before 6th cent.), legendary warrior and supposed king of Britain  

O. J. Padel

Arthur (supp. fl. in or before 6th cent.), legendary warrior and supposed king of Britain, has an attested career that is entirely posthumous. From obscure beginnings in British legend, he became internationally known in the twelfth century, particularly through the success of Geoffrey of Monmouth's...

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Beresford, Henry de la Poer, third marquess of Waterford (1811–1859), reprobate and landowner  

K. D. Reynolds

Beresford, Henry de la Poer, third marquess of Waterford (1811–1859), reprobate and landowner, was born on 26 April 1811 at 5 Mansfield Street, Marylebone, Middlesex, the second son of Henry de la Poer Beresford, second marquess of Waterford (1772–1826), and his wife, Lady Susanna Hussey Carpenter (1784–1827)...

Article

Briouze [Braose], Loretta de, countess of Leicester (d. in or after 1266), noblewoman and recluse  

Susan M. Johns

Briouze [Braose], Loretta de, countess of Leicester (d. in or after 1266), noblewoman and recluse, was one of the children of William (III) de Briouze (d. 1211) and Matilda de St Valéry (d. 1210). Her father was a great man in the Anglo-Welsh marches, and four of her five sisters who survived into adulthood married Welsh or marcher lords; notably ...

Article

Clare, Margaret de, countess of Gloucester (1291/2?–1342), noblewoman and heiress  

J. S. Hamilton

Clare, Margaret de, countess of Gloucester (1291/2?–1342), noblewoman and heiress, was the second daughter of Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and of Hertford (1243–1295), and his wife, Joan of Acre (1272–1307), daughter of Edward I. She was reportedly twenty-two years old at the time of the death at ...

Article

Craufurd, Quintin (1743–1819), author and friend of the French royal family  

J. M. J. Rogister

Craufurd, Quintin (1743–1819), author and friend of the French royal family, was born on 22 September 1743 at Kilwinning in Ayrshire, the second son of Quintin Craufurd of Newark (d. 1749), justiciary baillie for the west seas of Scotland, and his wife, ...

Article

Crichton, Sir Robert (c. 1569–c. 1620)  

See Crichton, James [called the Admirable Crichton]

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Cover Dartiquenave, Charles (bap. 1664?, d. 1737)

Dartiquenave, Charles (bap. 1664?, d. 1737)  

Maker: Sir Godfrey Kneller

In 

Charles Dartiquenave (bap. 1664?, d. 1737) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1702 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Dartiquenave, Charles (bap. 1664?, d. 1737), epicure and courtier  

Philip Carter

Dartiquenave, Charles (bap. 1664?, d. 1737), epicure and courtier, was rumoured to be the illegitimate child of Charles II, though there is no substantial evidence for a claim that was subsequently derided in later eighteenth- and nineteenth-century accounts of his life. It is elsewhere suggested that he was the pupil of a French émigré family, whose name he adopted (...

Article

Digby [née Stanley], Venetia, Lady Digby (1600–1633), gentlewoman and celebrated beauty  

Sara H. Mendelson

Digby [née Stanley], Venetia, Lady Digby (1600–1633), gentlewoman and celebrated beauty, was born on 19 December 1600 at Tong Castle, Shropshire, the daughter of Sir Edward Stanley (d. 1629?), from a younger branch of the family of the earls of Derby...

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Cover Digby, Venetia, Lady Digby (1600–1633)

Digby, Venetia, Lady Digby (1600–1633)  

Maker: Anthony Van Dyck

In 

Venetia Digby, Lady Digby (1600–1633) by Anthony Van Dyck, 1633 [detail] by permission of the Trustees of Dulwich Picture Gallery

Article

Dudley, Alice (1579–1669)  

See Dudley, Sir Robert

Article

Edgar, James (1688–1764), secretary to James Francis Edward Stuart  

Lawrence B. Smith

Edgar, James (1688–1764), secretary to James Francis Edward Stuart, was born at Keithock, Forfarshire, on 13 July 1688, the fifth of seven sons of David Edgar (1650?–1722) of Keithock, a farmer, and his second wife, Elizabeth, née Guthrie, of St Vigeans. Despite his large ...

Article

Edward V (1470–1483), king of England and lord of Ireland  

Rosemary Horrox

Edward V (1470–1483), king of England and lord of Ireland, the eldest son of Edward IV (1442–1483) and his queen, Elizabeth (c. 1437–1492), was born in Westminster sanctuary on 2 November 1470, during his father's exile and the readeption of Henry VI. He was baptized in the abbey, the abbot and prior of ...

Article

Edward [Edward of Middleham], prince of Wales (1474x6–1484)  

A. J. Pollard

Edward [Edward of Middleham], prince of Wales (1474x6–1484), was the first-born and probably only son of Richard, duke of Gloucester (the future Richard III), and his wife, Anne Neville (1456–1485). While the place of his birth is recorded by John Rous (...

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Cover Edward V (1470–1483)
Edward V (1470–1483) stained glass, c. 1482 by kind permission of the Dean and Chapter of Canterbury Cathedral

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Cover Elizabeth (1900–2002)
Elizabeth (1900–2002) by Cecil Beaton, 1970 Camera Press, London; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Elizabeth [née Lady Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon] (1900–2002), queen of Great Britain, Ireland, and the British dominions beyond the seas, sometime empress of India, consort of George VI, later styled Queen Elizabeth, the queen mother  

Lawrence Goldman

Elizabeth [née Lady Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon] (1900–2002), queen of Great Britain, Ireland, and the British dominions beyond the seas, sometime empress of India, consort of George VI, later styled Queen Elizabeth, the queen mother, was born on 4 August 1900, the ninth of the ten children, and the youngest of the four daughters, of ...

Article

Elwes [formerly Meggott], John (1714–1789), landowner and eccentric  

Alexander Gordon

revised by Anita McConnell

Elwes [formerly Meggott], John (1714–1789), landowner and eccentric, was born on 7 April 1714 in the parish of St James, Westminster, the son of Robert Meggott (d. 1718), landowner and brewer, and his wife, Amee (Amy; d. 1754), daughter of Gervase Elwes...

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Cover Elwes, John (1714–1789)

Elwes, John (1714–1789)  

Maker: unknown engraver

In 

John Elwes (1714–1789) by unknown engraver © National Portrait Gallery, London / Country Life Picture Library