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Blackwell, Alexander (bap. 1709, d. 1747), agricultural improver and government agent in Sweden  

A. N. L. Grosjean

Blackwell, Alexander (bap. 1709, d. 1747), agricultural improver and government agent in Sweden, was baptized in Aberdeen on 10 October 1709. He was the son of Thomas Blackwell (1660?–1728), professor of theology and principal at Marischal College in Aberdeen, and his wife, Christian (...

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Broadhurst, Mary Adelaide (1860–1928), agricultural reformer and radical  

John Martin

Broadhurst, Mary Adelaide (1860–1928), agricultural reformer and radical, was born at Chorlton upon Medlock, Lancashire, on 23 May 1860, the second daughter of William Broadhurst, bookkeeper for a bank, accountant, and city councillor in Manchester, and his wife, Maria, née Hutchinson. She gained an MA degree at ...

Article

Cockburn, John, of Ormiston (1679–1758), politician and agricultural improver  

R. H. Campbell

Cockburn, John, of Ormiston (1679–1758), politician and agricultural improver, was born in Scotland, the second son of Adam Cockburn (c. 1656–1735) of Ormiston, lord justice clerk and lord of session with the judicial title Lord Ormiston, and his first wife, Lady Susanna Hamilton...

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Conyngham, William Burton (1733–1796), politician and improver  

James Kelly

Conyngham, William Burton (1733–1796), politician and improver, was born William Burton in 1733, the second son of Francis Burton (1696–1743), politician and landowner, of Buncraggy, co. Clare, Ireland, and Mary Conyngham (d. 1737), the only surviving daughter of Major-General Henry Conyngham and the sister of ...

Article

Gordon [née Maxwell], Jane, duchess of Gordon (1748/9–1812), political hostess and agricultural reformer  

Christine Lodge

Gordon [née Maxwell], Jane, duchess of Gordon (1748/9–1812), political hostess and agricultural reformer, was born at Hyndford's Close, Edinburgh, the third of the four children of Sir William Maxwell of Monreith, Wigtownshire, third baronet, (c.1712–1771), and his wife, Magdalene, daughter of ...

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Cover Gordon, Jane, duchess of Gordon (1748/9–1812)

Gordon, Jane, duchess of Gordon (1748/9–1812)  

Maker: George Romney

In 

Jane Gordon, duchess of Gordon (1748/99–1812) by George Romney, 1778 [ and George Gordon, marquess of Huntly, later fifth duke of Gordon (1770–1836)] Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Grant, Sir Archibald, of Monymusk, second baronet (1696–1778), politician and agricultural improver  

R. H. Campbell

Grant, Sir Archibald, of Monymusk, second baronet (1696–1778), politician and agricultural improver, was born in Scotland on 25 September 1696. He was the elder son of Sir Francis Grant (1658x63–1726), lord of session with the judicial title Lord Cullen and, from 1705, first baronet...

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Howard [née Matthaei], Louise Ernestine, Lady Howard (1880–1969), international civil servant and advocate of organic husbandry  

Sybil Oldfield

Howard [née Matthaei], Louise Ernestine, Lady Howard (1880–1969), international civil servant and advocate of organic husbandry, was born on 26 December 1880 at 10 Priory Grove, Kensington, London, the youngest daughter in a family of three girls and a boy of Carl Hermann Ernst Matthaei...

Article

Lamb [née Milbanke], Elizabeth, Viscountess Melbourne (bap. 1751, d. 1818), political hostess and agricultural improver  

Jonathan David Gross

Lamb [née Milbanke], Elizabeth, Viscountess Melbourne (bap. 1751, d. 1818), political hostess and agricultural improver, was baptized on 15 October 1751 at Croft-on-Tees, Yorkshire, the only daughter of Sir Ralph Milbanke, fifth baronet (1721?–1798), of Halnaby Hall, Yorkshire, landowner and politician, and his wife, ...

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Cover Lamb, Elizabeth, Viscountess Melbourne (bap. 1751, d. 1818)

Lamb, Elizabeth, Viscountess Melbourne (bap. 1751, d. 1818)  

Maker: Sir Thomas Lawrence

In 

Elizabeth Lamb, Viscountess Melbourne (bap. 1751, d. 1818) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, c. 1800 reproduced by kind permission of Lord Ralph Kerr, Melbourne Hall

Article

Montgomerie, Alexander, tenth earl of Eglinton (1723–1769), politician and agricultural improver  

Andrew Mackillop

Montgomerie, Alexander, tenth earl of Eglinton (1723–1769), politician and agricultural improver, was born on 10 February 1723, the son of Alexander Montgomerie, ninth earl of Eglinton (c. 1660–1729), politician and landowner, and his third wife, Susanna (1689/90–1780) [see Montgomerie, Susanna, countess of Eglinton...

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Cover Plunkett, Sir Horace Curzon (1854–1932)

Plunkett, Sir Horace Curzon (1854–1932)  

Maker: George Charles Beresford

In 

Sir Horace Curzon Plunkett (1854–1932) by George Charles Beresford, 1903 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Plunkett, Sir Horace Curzon (1854–1932), agricultural reformer and politician  

Philip Bull

Plunkett, Sir Horace Curzon (1854–1932), agricultural reformer and politician, was born at Sherborne House, Gloucestershire, on 24 October 1854, the third of four sons and sixth of seven children of Edward Plunkett, sixteenth Baron Dunsany (1808–1889), and his wife, the Hon. Anne Constance Dutton (1816–1858)...

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Sinclair, Sir John, first baronet (1754–1835), agricultural improver, politician, and codifier of ‘useful knowledge’  

Rosalind Mitchison

Sinclair, Sir John, first baronet (1754–1835), agricultural improver, politician, and codifier of ‘useful knowledge’, was born at Thurso Castle, Caithness, on 10 May 1754, the third but only surviving son of George Sinclair (d. 1770) of Ulbster and his wife, Lady Janet Sutherland (1720–1795)...

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Cover Sinclair, Sir John, first baronet (1754–1835)

Sinclair, Sir John, first baronet (1754–1835)  

Maker: Sir Henry Raeburn

In 

Sir John Sinclair, first baronet (1754–1835) by Sir Henry Raeburn, c. 1794–9 National Gallery of Scotland

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Cover Townshend, Charles, second Viscount Townshend (1674–1738)

Townshend, Charles, second Viscount Townshend (1674–1738)  

Maker: Sir Godfrey Kneller

In 

Charles Townshend, second Viscount Townshend (1674–1738) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1704? © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Townshend, Charles, second Viscount Townshend (1674–1738), politician, diplomatist, and agricultural innovator  

Linda Frey and Marsha Frey

Townshend, Charles, second Viscount Townshend (1674–1738), politician, diplomatist, and agricultural innovator, was born on 18 April 1674 at Raynham, Norfolk, and baptized on 2 May at St Martin-in-the-Fields, London. He was the eldest of the three sons and heir of Horatio Townshend, first Viscount Townshend...